Chapter 5+6: Need to Know Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 5+6: Need to Know > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5+6: Need to Know Deck (61):
1

four function of body

ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination

2

bilirubin

pigment in bile

3

common bile duct

carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum to the choledochus

4

gallbladder

small sac under the liver; stores bile

5

ileum

third part of the small intestine

6

mastication

chewing

7

lower esophageal sphincter (LES)

ring of muscles between the esophagus and stomach. also called cardiac sphincter

8

peristalsis

rhythmic contractions of the tubular organs

9

pharynx

throat, common passageway for food from the mouth and for air from the nose

10

bucc/o

cheek

11

cec/o

cecum

12

celi/o

belly, abdomen

13

cheil/o

lip

14

labi/o

lip

15

choledoch/o

common bile duct

16

dent/i

tooth

17

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

18

anorexia

lack of appetite

19

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

20

diarrhea

frequent passage of loose, watery stools

21

dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

22

hematochezia

passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum

23

jaundice

yellow-orange colouration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood

24

steatorrhea

fat in the feces; foul-smelling fecal matter

25

achalasia

failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax

26

gastroesophageal reflux disease (heartburn)
(GERD)

solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach

27

hernia

protrusion of an organ or part through the tissues and muscles normally containing it

28

Crohn disease ("Crohn's")

chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

29

diverticulosis

abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall of the colon

30

dysentery

painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection

31

hemorrhoids

swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region

32

intussusception

telescoping of the intestines

33

volvulus

twisting of the intestine on itself

34

IBS

irritable bowel syndrome

35

cholelithiasis

gallstones in the gallbladder

36

cirrhosis

chronic degenerative disease of the liver

37

-emesis

vomiting

38

-pepsia

digestion

39

-phagia

eating, swallowing

40

-ptysis

spitting

41

celi/o

belly, abdomen

42

proct/o

anus and rectum

43

liver function tests (LFTs)

Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood

44

lower gastrointestinal series

x-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum

45

upper gastrointestinal series

x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines obtained after adminstering barium my mouth

46

laparoscopy

visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen

47

nasogastric intubation
(NG tube)

insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach

48

paracentesis (abdominocentesis)

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

49

BE

barium enema

50

BM

bowel movement

51

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

52

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopacreatography

53

G tube

gastrostomy tube; also called stomach tube and PEG tube--used to introduce nutrients into the stomach after insertion through the abdominal wall with laparoscopic instruments

54

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

55

GI

gastrointestinal

56

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis)

57

LFTs

Liver Function tests--alk phos, bilirubin, AST, ALT

58

NG tube

nasogastric tube

59

NPO

nothing by mouth (Latin nil per os)

60

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

61

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (65):