Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (64):
1

adipocyte

fat cell

2

albino

person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)

3

apocrine sweat gland

one of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas

4

basal layer

deepest region of the epidermis; gives rise to all epidermal cells

5

collagen

structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

6

cuticle

band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate

7

dermis

middle layer of the skin

8

eccrine sweat gland

most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin

9

epidermis

outermost layer of the skin

10

epithelium

layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body

11

hair follicle

sac within which each hair grows

12

integumentary system

the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails

13

keratin

hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails.

14

lunula

half moon shaped, whitish area at the base of a nail

15

melanin

skin pigment, formed by melanocytes in the epidermis.

16

eumelanin

brown-black pigment

17

pheomelanin

red-yellow pigment

18

paronychium

soft tissue surrounding the nail border

19

pore

tiny opening on the surface of the skin

20

sebaceous gland

oil-secreting gland in the dermis that is associated with hair follicles

21

sebum

oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands

22

squamous epithelium

flat, scale like cells composing the epidermis

23

stratified

arranged in layers

24

stratum
(plural: strata)

a layer (of cells)

25

stratum corneum

outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened keratinized cells

26

subcutaneous layer

innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue

27

adip/o

fat

28

albin/o

white

29

caus/o

burn, burning

30

cauter/o

heat, burn

31

cutane/o

skin

32

derm/o, dermat/o

skin

33

diaphor/o

profuse sweating

34

erythem/o, erythemat/o

redness

35

hidr/o

sweat

36

ichthy/o

dry, scaly

37

kerat/o

hard

38

leuk/o

white

39

lip/o

fat

40

melan/o

black

41

myc/o

fungus

42

onych/o

nail

43

phyt/o

plant

44

pil/o

hair, hair follicle

45

py/o

pus

46

rhytid/o

wrinkle

47

seb/o

sebum (secretion from sebaceous glands)

48

squam/o

scale-like

49

steat/o

fat

50

trich/o

hair

51

ungu/o

nail

52

xanth/o

yellow

53

xer/o

dry

54

albin/o

white

55

anthraco/o

black (as coal)

56

chlor/o

green

57

cirrh/o

tawny yellow

58

cyan/o

blue

59

eosin/o

rosy (pink)

60

erythr/o

red

61

jaund/o

yellow

62

leuk/o

white

63

lute/o

yellow

64

poli/o

gray

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (65):