Chapter 15: Bones; terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 15: Bones; terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15: Bones; terms Deck (54):
1

calc/o, calci/o

calcium

2

kyph/o

humpback, hunchback

3

lamin/o

lamina (part of the vertebral arch)

4

lord/o

curve, swayback (anterior curvature in the lumbar region)

5

lumb/o

loins, lower back

6

myel/o

bone marrow

7

orth/o

straight

8

oste/o

bone

9

scoli/o

crooked, bent (lateral curvature)

10

spondyl/o (used to make words about the conditions)

vertebra

11

vertebr/o (used to describe the structure itself)

vertebra

12

-blast

embryonic or immature cell

13

-clast

to break

14

-listhesis

slipping

15

-malacia

softening

16

-physis

to grow

17

-porosis

pore, passage

18

-tome

instrument to cut

19

acetabul/o

acetabulum (hip socket)

20

calcane/o

calcaneus (heel)

21

carp/o

carpals (wrist bones)

22

clavicul/o

clavicle (collar bone)

23

cost/o

ribs (true ribs, false ribs and floating ribs)

24

crani/o

cranium (skull)

25

femor/o

femur (thigh bone)

26

fibul/o

fibula (smaller lower leg bone)

27

humer/o

humerus (upper arm bone)

28

ili/o

ilium (upper part of pelvic bone)

29

ischi/o

ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)

30

malleol/o

malleolus (process on each side of the anckle)

31

mandibul/o

mandible (lower jawbone)

32

maxill/o

maxilla (upper jawbone)

33

metacarp/o

metacarpals (hand bones)

34

metatars/o

metatarsals (foot bones)

35

olecran/o

olecranon (elbow)

36

patell/o

patella (kneecap)

37

pelv/i

pelvis (hipbone)

38

perone/o

fibula

39

phalang/o

phalanges (finger and/or toe bones)

40

pub/o

pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)

41

radi/o

radius (forearm bone--thumb side)

42

scapul/o

scapula (shoulder blade)

43

stern/o

sternum (breastbone)

44

tars/o

tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)

45

tibi/o

tibia (shin bone)

46

uln/o

unla (forearm bone--little finger side)

47

Ewing sarcoma

rare malignant tumour arising in bone; most often occurring in children

48

exostosis

bony growth (benign) arising from the surface of bone

49

fracture

traumatic breaking of a bone

50

osteogenic sarcoma

common malignant tumour arising from osteoblasts, found primarily in children and adolescents

51

osteomalacia

softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in bone

52

osteomyelitis

inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection

53

osteoporosis

decrease in bone density (mass); thinning and weakening of bone

54

talipes

congenital abnormality of the hindfoot (involving the talus)

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