Flashcards in Chapter 15: Bones Deck (101):
Rounded depression, or socket, in the pelvis that joins the femur (thigh bone), forming the hip joint.
Outward extension of the shoulder blade forming the point of the shoulder. It overlies the shoulder joint and articulates with the clavicle.
Thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the joint space.
Dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton.
Opening or hollow region serving as a connection for bones, or passageways for blood vessels and nerves.
Enlarged area that extends from bones as an attachment for muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
One of the mineral constituents of bone.
Spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner part of a bone.
Flexible, rubbery connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues.
Dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues.
Hard, dense bone tissue usually found around the outer portion of bones.
Skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, temporal
Shaft, or mid-portion, of a long bone.
Flat, round, plate-like structure. An intervertebral disk is a fibrocartilaginous substance between two vertebrae.
Cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton.
Each end of a long bone; the area beyond the epipshyseal plate.
Bones of the face: lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, zygomatic.
Soft spot (incomplete bone formation) between the skull bones of an infant.
Opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes.
Minute spaces filled with blood vessels; found in compact bone.
Fibrous tissue connecting bones to other bones.
Round process on both sides of the ankle joint.
Upper portion of the sternum; articulates with the medial aspect of the clavicle.
Round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear.
Central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone.
Flared portion of a long bone, between the diaphysis (shaft) and the epiphyseal plate
Large process on the proximal end of the ulna; the point of the flexed elbow.
Medical doctor who specialized in bone, joint, and muscle conditions.
Process of bone formation.
Bone cell that helps form bony tissue.
Bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue.
Membrane surrounding bones; rich in blood vessels and nerve tissue.
Mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium.
Medical doctor specializing in rehabilitation.
Area of confluence (coming together) of the two pubic bones in the pelvis. They are joined by a fibrocartilaginous disc.
red bone marrow
Found in cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis
Twelve pairs of curved bones that form the chest wall. True ribs are the first 7 pairs; false ribs are pairs 8 to 10; floating ribs are pairs 11 and 12
Depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located
hollow air cavity within a bone
pole-like process extending downward from the temporal bone on each side of the skull
immovable joint between bones, such as the skull
connection on either side of the head between the temporal bone of the skull and mandibular bone of the jaw
fibrous connective tissue connecting muscles and bones
supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous (spongy) bone
individual segement of the spine composed of the vertebral body, vertebral arch, spinous process, transverse process, and lamina, enclosing the neural canal
lower, narrow portion of the sternum
yellow bone marrow
fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long bones
rounded end of a bone
rounded knuckle-like process
small rounded process above the condyle
large and small processes for tendon attachments
small round elevation where tendons and muscles attach
narrow groove or slit-like opening
opening for blood vessels and nerves
shallow cavity in or on a bone
hollow cavity within bone
supports nasal cavity and eye sockets
forehead; part of eye sockets
back and base of skull
top and sides of skull
base of skull and behind eyes (bat shaped bone)
lower sdes and back of skull
corners of each eye
bridge and septum of nose
nasal septum (thin, flat bone)
smaller of the two lower leg bones
upper arm bone
upper part of pelvic bone
inferior or lower part of the pelvic bone
finger and toe bones
anterior part of the pelvic bone
forearm bone--thumb side
shin bone--larger of the two lower leg bones
forearm bone--little finger side
near the wrist at distal end of the radius
bone is splintered and crushed into several pieces
bone collapses or is compressed; occurs in vertebrae
bone is partially broken; breaks on one surface and bends on another; often occurring in forearm