Chapter 12: Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12: Abbreviations Deck (49):
1

ABGs

arterial blood gases

2

AFB

acid-fast bacillus--the type of organism that causes tuberculosis

3

ARDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome--severe, sudden, sudden lung injury caused by acute illness

4

BAL

bronchoalveolar lavage

5

Bronch

bronchoscopy

6

CF

cystic fibrosis

7

CO2

carbon dioxide

8

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease--airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis

9

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure

10

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

11

C&S

culture and sensitivity testing (of sputum)

12

CTPA

computer tomography pulmonary angiography

13

CXR

chest x-ray

14

DLco

diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide

15

DOE

dyspnea or exertion

16

DPT

diptheria, pertussis, tetanus

17

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in 1 second

18

FVC

forced vital capacity

19

ICU

intensive care unit

20

LLL

left lower lobe (of lung)

21

LUL

left upper lobe (of lung)

22

MDI

metered-dose inhaler

23

NSCLC

non-small cell lung cancer

24

O2

oxygen

25

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

26

PaCO2

carbon dioxide partial pressure--measure of the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood

27

PaO2

oxygen partial pressure--measure of the amount of oxygen in arterial blood

28

PCP

pneumocytis pneumonia--a type of pneumonia seen in patients with AIDS or other immunosuppression

29

PE

pulmonary embolism

30

PEP

positive expiratory pressure--mechanical ventilator strategy in which the patient takes a deep breath and then exhales through a device that resists air flow

31

PEEP

positive end-expiratory pressure--common mechanical ventilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained about atmospheric pressure

32

PFTs

pulmonary function tests

33

PND

paoxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

34

PPD

purified protein derivative--substance used in a tuberculosis test

35

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome--in the newborn infanct, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant, a substance that permits normal expansion of lungs; also called hyaline membrane disease

36

RLL

right lower lobe (of lung)

37

RSV

respiratory syncytial virus--common cause of bronchiolitus, broncho-pneumonia, and the common cold, especially in children (in tissue culture, forms syncytia or giant cells, so that cytoplasm flows together)

38

RUL

right upper lobe (of lung)

39

RV

residual volume--amount of air remaining in lungs at the end of maximal expiration

40

SABA

short-acting beta agonist (for relief of asthma symptoms)

41

SCLC

small cell lung cancer

42

SOB

shortness of breath

43

TB

tuberculosis

44

TLC

total lung capacity--volume of gas in lungs at the end of maximal inspiration; equals VC plus RV

45

URI

upper respiratory infection

46

V T

tidal volume--amount of air inhaled and exhaled during a normal ventilation

47

VATS

video-assisted thoracic surgery (thoracoscopy)

48

VC

vital capacity--equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume

49

V/Q scan

ventilation-perfusion scan--radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan)

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