Chapter 15: Muscles Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 15: Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15: Muscles Deck (31):
1

flexion

decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb

2

extension

increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a limb

3

abduction

movement away from the midline of the body

4

adduction

movement toward the midline of the body

5

rotation

circular movement around an axis

6

internal rotation

toward the center of the body

7

external rotation

away from the center of the body

8

dorsiflexion

decreasing the angle of the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward (upward)

9

plantar flexion

motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground

10

supination

the act of turning the palm up, outward roll of the foot

11

pronation

the act of turning the palm down, inward roll of the foot

12

fascia

fribrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles

13

insertion of a muscle

connection of the muscle to a bone that moves

14

origin of a muscle

connection of the muscle to a stationary bone

15

striated muscle

muscle connected to bones; voluntary or skelatal muscle

16

visceral muscle

muscle connected to internal organs; involuntary or smooth muscle

17

fasci/o

fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)

18

fibr/o

fibrous connective tisue

19

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs

20

my/o

muscle

21

myocardi/o

heart muscle

22

myos/o

muscle

23

plant/o

sole of the foot

24

rhabdomy/o

skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones

25

sarc/o

muscle and flesh

26

-asthenia

lack of strength

27

-trophy

development, nourishment

28

ab-

away from

29

ad-

toward

30

dorsi-

back

31

poly-

many, much

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