Test 2: Review problem areas Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Test 2: Review problem areas > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 2: Review problem areas Deck (96):
1

paronychia

inflammation of the soft tissue around a nail

2

pustule

small abscess

3

systemic lupus erythematosus

chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin; can affect other organs of the body;

4

tinea

infection of the skin caused by fungus; fungal infection of the skin; dermatomycosis

5

decubitus ulcer

bed sore; break in continuity of skin

6

steatoma

fatty mass within a sebaceous gland

7

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

8

seborrhea

excessive secretion from sebaceous glands

9

casualgia

burning pain of the skin

10

dermatoplasty

surgical repair of the skin

11

anhidrosis

abnormal condition of lack of sweat

12

ichthyosis

abnormal condition of dry, scaly skin

13

epidermolysis

loosening of the epidermis

14

xanthoma

yellow tumour

15

subungual

under the nail

16

onychmycosis

abnormal condition of nail fungus

17

epithelium

layer of skin cells on outer and inner surfaces on the body

18

nevus

a collection of pigmented cells on the skin surface

19

caus/o

burn, burning

20

myc/o

fungus

21

diaphor/o

profuse sweating

22

erythem/o

red, redness

23

anastomosis

creating connection between two parts

24

another term for jaundice

icterus

25

ptosis

drooping, prolapse

26

spitting

ptysis

27

jejunum

second part of small intestine

28

duodenum

first part of the small intestine

29

vomiting

emesis

30

ectasis

dilation, widening

31

chezia

defecation

32

ectomy

surgical removal

33

spasm

involuntary contraction

34

genesis

producing, formation

35

tresia

opening

36

lith/o

stone

37

choledoch/o

common bile duct

38

labi/o

lips

39

lingu/o

tongue

40

odyn/o

pain

41

or/o

mouth

42

lymphangi/o

lymph vessel

43

prote/o

protein

44

pylor/o

pyloric sphincter

45

herni/o

hernia

46

celi/o

abdomen

47

cheil/o

lips

48

choleangi/o

bile vessel

49

cib/o

meal

50

angina

chest pain received with nitroglycerin

51

aneurysm

local widening of an artery

52

inflammation of a vein with a clot

thrombophlebitis

53

inflammation of a vein

phlebitis

54

widening of a blood vessel

vasodilation

55

largest vein in the body

vena cava

56

brachi/o

upper arm

57

pulmon/o

lungs

58

vas/o

vessel

59

condition of rapid heartbeat

tachycardia

60

condition of abnormal heart rhythm

arrhythm

61

sphygm/o

pulse

62

vascul/o

vessel

63

-constriction

tightening

64

-dilation

widening

65

endo-

within

66

dys-

bad, difficult, painful

67

nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue

adenoids

68

pulmonary parenchyma

alveoli and bronchioles

69

atelectasis

collapsed lung

70

expectoration

material is expelled from the lungs

71

pulmonary abscess

localized area of pus formation in the lungs

72

Tuberculin test

PPD

73

percussion

sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest

74

the essential cells of the lung; performing its main function are the pulmonary

parenchyema

75

breathing in air is

inspiration

76

pneumothorax

collection of air in the pleural space

77

dysphonia

hoarseness; voice impairment

78

purulent

pus filled

79

rales

crackling sounds heard during auscultation

80

pulmonary infarction

necrosis of lung tissue

81

adenoid hypertrophy

overgrowth of adenoids

82

pulmonary embolism

clot of other material lodges in vessels of lung

83

pulmonary edema

fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles

84

pulmonary abscess

large collection of pus in lungs

85

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

86

empyema

pus in the pleural cavity

87

edema

collection of fluid in tissues

88

adenoids

lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx

89

lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx

palatine tonsil

90

air cavity in the bones near the nose

paranasal sinus

91

midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves exit and enter the lungs

hilum

92

per-

throughout, completely

93

para-

alongside, abnormal

94

adenoid/o

adenoids

95

nas/o

nose

96

congestive heart failure

not enough blood going to the heart

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (65):