Chap 21, Pharmacology, Vocabulary, General Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 21, Pharmacology, Vocabulary, General Terms Deck (43)
1

addiction

Physical and psychological dependence on and craving for a drug.

2

additive action

Drug action in which the combination of two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each.

3

aerosol

Particles of drug suspended in air.

4

anaphylaxis

Exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered drug or foreign protein.

5

antagonistic action

Combination of two drugs ives less than an additive effect (action).

6

antidote

Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.

7

brand name

Commercial name for a drug; trademark or trade name.

8

chemical name

Chemical formula for a drug.

9

contraindications

Factors that prevent the use of a drug or treatment.

10

controlled substances

Drugs that produce tolerance and dependence and have potential for abuse or addiction.

11

dependence

Physiologic need for a drug due to prolonged use.

12

dose

Amount of drug administered, usually measured in milligrams.

13

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

U.S. government agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use.

14

generic name

Legal noncommercial name for a drug.

15

iatrogenic

Condition caused by treatment (drugs or procedures) given by physicians or medical personnel.

16

idiosyncratic reaction

Unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive patient but not seen in most people.

17

inhalation

Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth.

18

medicinal chemistry

Study of new drug synthesis; relationship between chemical structure and biological effects.

19

molecular pharmacology

Study of interaction of drugs and their target molecules such as enzymes, or cell surfacer receptors.

20

oral administration

Drugs are given by mouth.

21

parenteral administration

Drugs are given by injection into the skin, muscles, or veins (any route other than through the digestive tract). Examples are subcutaneous, intradermal, intramuscular, intravenous, intrathecal, and intracavitary injections.

22

pharmacist

Specialist in preparing and dispensing drugs.

23

pharmacy

Location for preparing and dispensing drugs; also the study of preparing and dispensing drugs.

24

pharmacodynamics

Study of drug effects within the body.

25

pharmacokinetics

Study of drug effects within the body.

26

pharmacologist

Specialist in the study of the properties, uses, and side effects of drugs.

27

pharmacology

Study of the preparation, properties, uses, and side effects of drugs.

28

Compendium of Pharmaceuticals & Specialties

CPS

29

receptor

Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body.

30

rectal administration

Drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum.

31

resistance

Lack of beneficial response; seen when drugs are unable to control the disease process.

32

response

Desired and beneficial effect of a drug.

33

schedule

Exact timing and frequency of drug administration.

34

side effect

Adverse reaction, usually minor, that routinely results from the use of a drug.

35

sublingual administration

Drugs are given by placement under the tongue.

36

synergism

Combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone.

37

syringe

Instrument (tube) for introducing or withdrawing fluids from the body.

38

tolerance

Larger and larger drug doses must be given to achieve the desired effect. The patient becomes resistant to the action of a drug as treatment.

39

topical application

Drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body; ointments, creams, and lotions are applied topically.

40

toxicity

Harmful effects of a drug.

41

toxicology

Study of harmful chemicals and their effects on the body.

42

transport

Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.

43

vitamin

Substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good health.

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