Flashcards in Chap 5 & 6, Digestive System Deck (185)
Pert. to surrounding the anus
removal or excision of the appendix
mucous membrane lining the cheek
A mucosa is a mucous membrane lining cavities or canals that open to the outside of the body.
Pert. to the cecum, which is the first part of the the large intestine (colon).
Pert. to the abdomen.
Abnormal condition of the lip.
Removal (excision, resection) of the gallbladder.
common bile duct
Incision of the common bile duct.
New opening of the colon through the abdominal wall to the outside of the body.
The suffix -stomy, when used with a combining form for an organ, means an opening to the outside of the body.
A stoma is an opening between an organ and the surface of the body.
1) sigmoid colostomy,
3) ileostomy stoma
After resection of the rectum and part of the sigmoid colon. The stoma is at the end of the colon and attached to the abdominal wall.
After resection of the entire colon. The ileum is drawn through the abdominal wall to form an ileostomy stoma.
Pert. to the colon.
Visual endoscopic examination of the colon.
Pert. to the cheek and teeth.
Pert. to the duodenum.
First part of the small intestine.
Fist part of the large intestine.
Intestines, usually small intestine.
Inflammation of the small intestine and colon.
New opening between two previously unconnected parts of the small intestine.
Any surgical connection between two parts, such as vessels, ducts, or bowel segments:
ana = up,
stom = opening,
-sis = state of
up; apart; backward; again, anew
Membrane that holds the intestine together. Part of the double fold of the peritoneum that stretches around the organs in the abdomen, the mesentery holds the organs in place. Literally, it lies in the middle (mes-) of the intestines, a membrane attaching the intestines to the muscle wall at the back of the abdomen.
Pertaining to by some route other than through the gastrointestinal tract, as by intravenous injection.
Par (from para-) means apart from in this term.
An intravenous line brings parenteral nutrition directly into the bloodstream, bypassing the intestinal tract (enteral nutrition). Parenteral injections may be subcutaneous or intramuscular as well.
What are two parts of the mesentery?
The omentum and mesocolon. The omentum actually hangs down like an apron over the intestines.
Pert. to the esophagus.
Pert. to the face.
New opening of the stomach through the abdominal wall to the outside of the body.
Inflammation of gums.
Pert. to under the tongue.
Tumor of the liver.
Also called hepatocellular carcinoma.
Enlargement of the liver.
The third part of the small intestine.
Ring of muscles that are between the ileum and the cecum (1st part of the lg. intestine).
Also called the ileocecal valve.
Inflammation of the ileum, the 3rd part of the small intestine.
New opening of the ileum to the outside of the body.
Second part of the small intestine.
Surgical anastomosis (creation of a new opening) between the common bile duct and the jejunum.
New surgical connection (anastomosis) between the stomach and the jejunum (2nd part of the small intestine).
Pert. to the lip.
Process of visually examining the contents of the abdomen using an endoscope.
Pert. to under the tongue.
lower jaw, mandible
Pert. to under the lower jaw (mandible).
Dentist specializing in straightening teeth.
Dentist specializing in treating the gums.
A dentist specializing in the inner parts of the mouth.
Pert. to the mouth.
palate, roof of the mouth
Surgical repair of the palate (roof of the mouth). Procedure to repair cleft palate and cleft lip; repair of a cleft plate.
Inflammation of the pancreas.
peritoneum (double-folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity)
Inflammation of the peritoneum.
Pert. to the throat or pharynx.
Surgical repair of the pharynx and palate.
anus and rectum
Specialist in the study of the anus and the rectum.
Surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter.
Ring of muscle at the end of the stomach, near the duodenum. It is normally closed, but opens when a wave of peristalsis passes over it.
Last section of the large intestine, connecting the end of the colon and the anus.
Hernia of the rectum.
Inflammation of a salivary glad.
Fourth and last, S-Shaped segment of the colon, just before the rectum; empties into the rectum.
Visual endoscopic examination of the sigmoid colon.
Inflammation of the mouth.
Soft tissue hanging from the middle of the soft palate.
Removal (excision) of the uvula.
An enzyme that digests (breaks down) starches into simpler substances (such as sugars).
Inclues the organs (liver and gallbladder) and ducts (hepatic, cystic, and common bile ducts) that secrete, store, and empty bile into the duodenum.
Pert. to bile or bile ducts. Bile ducts empty bile into the small intestine (duodenum).
bilirubin (bile pigment)
High levels of bilirubin (yellow/orange pigment) in the bloodstream; jaundice.
stone or calculus
Abnormal condition of stones (gallstones) in the gallbladder.
Gallstones in the gallbladder.
Absence of hydrochloric acid from the gastric juice.
Absence of gastric juice is associated with gastric carcinoma.
Process of producing new sugar from fats and proteins; occurs mainly in the liver.
High levels of sugar in the bloodstream; often associated with diabetes mellitus.
glycogen, animal starch
Breakdown of glycogen to release sugar. Liver cells change glycogen back to glucose when blood sugar levels drop.
Benign tumor of fatty tissue.
Formation of stone (calculi).
Enzyme that digests protein.
Discharge of pus from gums. Periodontitis; an advanced stage of periodontal disease (gingivitis).
Salivary gland stone; lodged in a salivary gland or duct.
Discharge of fat in the feces due to improper digestion and malabsorption of fat.
Pancreatic enzyme necessary to digest fats.
defecation, elimination of wastes
Passage of bright red blood from the rectum.
Abnormal condition of stones in the common bile duct.
dilation, (dilatation), widening
bile duct (vessel).
Abnormal widening or dilation of a bile vessel (bile duct). This condition is secondary to bile duct obstruction.
Vomiting blood. Bright red blood is vomited, often associated with esophageal varices or peptic ulcer.
Painful digestion; indigestion.
Excessive appetite and uncontrolled eating. Excessive eating.
Surgical repair of the abdomen. Commonly referred to as a "tummy tuck."
Difficulty in swallowing.
hemoptysis - from the respiratory tract and lungs
Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract. A sign of bleeding and disease within the bronchial tubes and lungs.
Vomiting blood, a sign of bleeding from the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract.
bursting forth (of blood)
Bursting forth or excessive flow of blood. Loss of a large amount of blood in a short period.
Loss of blood from the stomach and jejunum.
Suture (stitching or sewing up) a hernia.
Hernioplasty is a synonym.
Tenorrhaphy (ten = tendon) is another common use of this suffix.
flow, discharge of various substances:
* rhinorrhea - mucus from the nose
* pyorrhea - pus from the gums
* menorrhea - menstrual (men/o) blood from the uterine lining
* leukorrhea - white, yellowish fluid from the vagina
Frequent passage of loose watery stools.
involuntary contraction of muscles
Sudden involuntary contraction of muscles at the pyloric sphincter.
Abnormal narrowing with obstruction of the lumen of the bronchi due to spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle. A chief characteristic of bronchitis and asthma.
Stoppage of bile flow.
Narrowing of the pyloric sphincter. This is a congenital defect in newborns blocking the flow of food into the small intestine.
Absence of a normal opening.
Congenital absence of the normal opening from the esophagus to the stomach. The esophagus does not connect with the stomach. A tracheoesophageal fistula often accompanies this abnormality.