Chapter 14: Terms & Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 14: Terms & Abbreviations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14: Terms & Abbreviations Deck (45):
1

immun/o

protections

2

lymph/o

lymph

3

lymphaden/o

lymph node (gland)

4

splen/o

spleen

5

thym/o

thymus gland

6

tox/o

poison

7

ana-

again, new

8

inter-

between

9

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

10

CD4+ cell

helper T cell

11

CD8+ cell

cytotoxic T cell

12

CMV

cytomegalovirus--causes opportunistic AIDS-related infection

13

crypto

cryptococcus--causes opportunistic AIDS-related infection

14

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay--test to detect anti-HIV anitbodies

15

G-CSF

granulocyte colony-stimulating factor--cytokine that promotes neutrophil production

16

GM-CSF

granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor--cytokine growth of myeloid progenitor cells and their differentiation to granulocytes

17

HAART

highly active antiretroviral therapy--use of combinations of drugs that are effective against AIDS

18

HD

Hodgkin disease

19

Histo

histoplasmosis--fungal infection seen in AIDS patients

20

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus--causes AIDS

21

HSV

herpes simplex virus

22

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

immunoglobins

23

IL1 to IL15

interleukins

24

KS

Kaposi sarcoma

25

MAI

mycobacterium avium-intracellulare

26

MoAB

monoclonal antibody

27

NHL

non-Hodgkin lymphoma

28

PCP

Pneumocystis pneumonia--opportunistic AIDS-related infection

29

PI

protease inhibitor

30

RTI

reverse trascriptase inhibitor
example: zidocudine (Retrovir) or lamivudine (Epivir)

31

SCID

severe combined immunodeficiency disease

32

Treg

regulatory T cell (suppressor T cell)

33

Toxo

tocoplasmosis--parasitic infection associated with AIDS

34

allergen

substance capable of causing a specific hypersensitivity reaction in the body

35

anaphylaxis

exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity to foreign protein or other substance

36

atopy

hypersensitive or allergic state involving an inherited predisposition

37

CD4+ cells

Helper T cells that carry the CD4 protein antigen on their surface. HIV binds to CD4 and infects and kills T cells bearing this protein. AIDS patients have an inadequate number of CD4+ cells

38

Hodgkin disease

malignant tumour of lymphoid tissue in spleen and lymph nodes; Reed-Sternberg cell often is found on microscopic analysis

39

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

virus (retrovirus) that causes AIDS

40

Kaposi sarcoma

malignant lesion associated with AIDS; arises from the lining of capillaries and appears as red, purple, brown or black skin nodules

41

non-Hodgkin lymphomas

group of malignant tumours involving lymphoid tissue
example: follicular lymphoma and large cell lymphoma

42

opportunistic infections

infectious diseases associated with AIDS; they occur because HIV infection lower the body's resistance and allows infection by bacteria and parasites that normally are easily contained

43

protease inhibitor

drug that treats AIDS by blocking the production of protease, a proteolytic enzyme that helps create new viral pieces for HIV

44

reverse transcriptase inhibitor (RTI)

drugs that treats AIDS by blocking the production of protease, a proteolytic enzyme that helps create new viral pieces for HIV

45

wasting syndrome

weight loss, decrease in muscular strength, appetite, and mental activity; associated with AIDS

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