Chapter 6: Lab Test, Clinical Procedure, Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 6: Lab Test, Clinical Procedure, Abbreviations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6: Lab Test, Clinical Procedure, Abbreviations Deck (46):
1

amylase and lipase tests

tests for the levels of amylase and lipase enzymes in the blood

2

liver function tests (LFTs)

Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood

3

stool culture

test for microorganisms present in feces

4

stool guaiac test or hemoccult test

test to detect occult (hidden) blood in feces

5

lower gastrointestinal series

x-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum

6

upper gastrointestinal series

x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines obtained after adminstering barium my mouth

7

cholangiography

x-ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts

8

computer tomography (CT)

A series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section)

9

abdominal ultrasonography

sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdominal viscera

10

endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)

use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract

11

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body

12

HIDA scan

radioactive imaging procedure that tracts the production and flow of bile from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine

13

gastric bypass of bariatric surgery

reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy)

14

gastrointestinal endoscopy

visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope

15

laparoscopy

visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen

16

liver biopsy

removal of liver tissue for microscopic examination

17

nasogastric intubation

insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach

18

paracentesis (abdominocentesis)

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

19

alk phos

alkaline phosphate

20

ALT, AST

alkanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase--enzymes measured to evaluate liver function

21

BE

barium enema

22

BM

bowel movement

23

BRBPR

bright red blood per rectum--hematochezia (Latin per means through)

24

CD

celiac disease

25

CT

computed tomography

26

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

27

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopacreatography

28

EUS

endoscopic ultrasonography

29

FOBT

fecal occult blood test

30

G tube

gastrostomy tube; also called stomach tube and PEG tube--used to introduce nutrients into the stomach after insertion through the abdominal wall with laparoscopic instruments

31

GB

gallbladder

32

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

33

GI

gastrointestinal

34

HBV

hepatitis B virus

35

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis)

36

LAC

laparoscopic-assisted colectomy

37

LFTs

Liver Function tests--alk phos, bilirubin, AST, ALT

38

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

39

NG tube

nasogastric tube

40

NPO

nothing by mouth (Latin nil per os)

41

PEG tube

percutaneous endoscope gastrostomy tube--feeding tube

42

PEJ tube

percutaneous endoscope jejunostomy tube--feeding tube

43

PTHC

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

44

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

45

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

46

T Tube

tube placed in the bile duct for drainage into a small pouch on the outside of the body

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