Imaging the GI tract and GI diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Imaging the GI tract and GI diseases Deck (43)
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1

What is required to complement radiological investigations

Blood Tests

2

What is the first line investigation for cholecystitis

Ultrasound

3

What exacerbates cholecystitis

Eating

4

What are the risks of having an ERCP

Pancreatitis

5

How do patients normally present with pancreatitis

Epigastric / diffuse abdominal pain

6

What is raised in pancreatitis

Amylase

7

Why might an ultrasound be useful in pancreatitis

To investigate whether gall stones have caused it

8

What are complications of pancreatitis

Necrosis
Pseudocysts
Intra-abdominal collections
Vascular complications

9

What is the purpose of imaging in pancreatits

To evaluate the complications

10

When is imaging best performed following the onset of symptoms?

1 week

11

What is the first line investigation for a perforation

Erect chest Xray

12

Why do we need an erect chest x ray

To allow us to see if there is air under the diaphragm

13

What do we need to rule out in females with suspected appendicitis

Gynaecological pathology

14

What are the first line investigations for appendicitis

Ulstrasound - confirms the diagnosis and allows us to find an alternative cause

15

Where is diverticulitis classically

In the LIF

16

Where is diverticulitis classically

In the LIF

17

What are 2 associations with diverticulitis

Diarrhoea
PR bleeding

18

What is diverticulitis

Inflammation associated with diverticular disease

19

What is a main investigation for diverticulitis

CT - shows inflammatory change and associated complications

20

What are 2 non GI causes

Urological or vascular

21

Where does vascular pain radiate to

The back

22

What are 2 causes of distended abdomen

Bowel gas and fluid

23

What is the first line investigation for a suspected bowel source

AXR

24

What is an Ileus?

Like an obstruction - the bowels are really irritated and there is a lot more gas than there should be.
Often occurs after surgery

25

What other investigations for an obstruction

CT

26

What are 4 causes of haematemesis

Tumour
Inflammation
Trauma
Vascular causes (varices)

27

What is the first line investigation for haematemesis

Endoscopy

28

What is the first line investigation for haematemesis

Endoscopy

29

When do we do a CT contrast for a patient with haematemesis

When they are still bleeding

30

What is the first line investigation for dysphagia

Endoscopy

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