Flashcards in Intestinal Failure Deck (11):
Define Intestinal Failure
Results from an inability to maintain adequate nutrition or fluid status via the intestines. Intestinal failure results from obstruction, dysmotility, surgical resection, congenital defect, or disease associated loss of absorption and is characterised by the inability to maintain protein-energy, fluid, electrolyte, or micronutrient balance.
Meaning of Acute short term
Meaning of Chronic long term
Cannot eat for the rest of their lives
How many types of intestinal failure are there?
3 - type 1,2,3
Describe Type 1
Self-limiting short term (days weeks) postoperative or
Describe Type 2
Prolonged, associated with sepsis and
metabolic complications. Often related to abdominal surgery with complications
Describe Type 3
Long term but stable – Home Parenteral
Nutrition often indicated.
Where is the most appropriate location of care for type 1?
Wards, (HDU and ITU)
Where is the most appropriate location of care for type 2
HDU, ITU (wards)
Where is the most appropriate location of care for type 3
Wards to home