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Flashcards in Intestinal Failure Deck (11):
1

Define Intestinal Failure

Results from an inability to maintain adequate nutrition or fluid status via the intestines. Intestinal failure results from obstruction, dysmotility, surgical resection, congenital defect, or disease associated loss of absorption and is characterised by the inability to maintain protein-energy, fluid, electrolyte, or micronutrient balance.

2

Meaning of Acute short term

2 weeks

3

Meaning of Chronic long term

Cannot eat for the rest of their lives

4

How many types of intestinal failure are there?

3 - type 1,2,3

5

Describe Type 1

Self-limiting short term (days weeks) postoperative or
paralytic ileus.

6

Describe Type 2

Prolonged, associated with sepsis and
metabolic complications. Often related to abdominal surgery with complications

7

Describe Type 3

Long term but stable – Home Parenteral
Nutrition often indicated.

8

Where is the most appropriate location of care for type 1?

Wards, (HDU and ITU)

9

Where is the most appropriate location of care for type 2

HDU, ITU (wards)

10

Where is the most appropriate location of care for type 3

Wards to home

11

What happens if there is an operation in the gut

More acid will be produced in response
they may need proton pump inhibitors (PPI)

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