Dysphagia Flashcards Preview

Gastro > Dysphagia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dysphagia Deck (19):
1

What is the definition of dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

2

Why is it important to ask about the progression / intermittent of dysphagia?

Solids or liquids getting stuck

3

Why is it important to ask about weight loss of dysphagia

Malignancy red flag

4

Why is it important to ask about vomiting and haemataemesis?

Vomiting - Small bowel obstruction
Haemotaemesis - tears in the GI tract

5

Why is it important to ask about regurgitation

Blockage

6

What is dyspepsia

indigestion

7

Does a history of dyspepsia help in the history or dysphagia

It is less important as it does not help in determining the different types of dysphagia

8

Is excessive burping of clinical importance in dysphagia

No

9

What single investigation for dyspahgia would you chose?

OGD - endoscopy

10

Is Schatzki ring a cause of dysphagia

Yes

11

What is a schatzki ring?

a overgrowth of normal oesophageal tissue that forms a ring usually in the lower oesophagus.

12

Does an oesophageal diverticulum cause dysphagia

Yes

13

What is an oesophageal diverticulum

An outpouching of the oesophagus

14

Does Bulgar Palsy cause dysphagia

Yes

15

Why does bulgar palsy cause dysphagia

Neurological causes are fairly common. the nerves supplying the swallowing mechanisms have been affected

16

Does motor neurone disease cause dysphagia

Yes

17

Does oesophageal varices cause dysphagia

No

18

What is the initial treatment you would give to someone with acute dysphagia caused by a food bolus

Intra venous fluids and Nil by mouth

19

What initial investigation would you do for acute dysphagia caused by a food bolus

OGD

Decks in Gastro Class (67):