Physical Aggression or Intimate Partner Violence Flashcards Preview

J - HECOL 210 > Physical Aggression or Intimate Partner Violence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physical Aggression or Intimate Partner Violence Deck (34)
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1
Q

Two historical perspectives on intimate partner violence?

A
  1. Advocacy perspective.

2. Family sociological perspective.

2
Q

Advocacy Perspective

A

Sought to understand aggression against women. Men as monsters. Men were primary perpetrators and methodology is important.

3
Q

Family Sociological Perspective

A

Looked at where aggression occurred more broadly. Discovered equal rates of aggression between men and women. Women may even perpetrate more.

4
Q

Intimate Terrorism

A

Has goal of controlling and intimidating the partner.

5
Q

Which gender is more likely to commit intimate terrorism.

A

Most commonly engaged in by males against females.

6
Q

What is intimate terrorism predicted by?

A

Personality traits and background of the aggressor.

7
Q

True or false? People who engage in intimate terrorism in one romantic relationships are likely to engage in it in subsequent relationships as well.

A

True.

8
Q

Victims of intimate terrorism may ultimately engage in ___ ___.

A

Violent resistance.

9
Q

Which gender is more likely to injure the other partner?

A

Males.

10
Q

Which gender is more likely to kill the other partner?

A

Women.

11
Q

Common Couple Violence

A

Conflict interaction that gets out of hand and turns physical.

12
Q

Which gender is more likely to engage in common couple violence?

A

Males and females equally likely to engage in it.

13
Q

Is common couple violence unilateral or bilateral?

A

Can be either.

14
Q

Common couple violence is best predicted by ___ factors, not personality.

A

Situational.

15
Q

True or false? People who engage in common couple violence in one relationship is likely to also engage in it in another relationship.

A

False.

16
Q

What are the biggest indicators of common couple violence?

A

Being victimized and alcohol.

17
Q

Why would partners not report common couple violence?

A

Explain it as a rare occurrence, due to stress, or other external factors.

18
Q

Conflict Tactics Scale

A

A scale that asks you to rate how often specific events have occurred in the past year.

19
Q

Sociocultural perspective on common couple violence.

A

Violence is common in the media; when partners disagree, violent responses may come to mind.

20
Q

Interpersonal perspective on common couple violence.

A

Common couple violence is a product of the two people involved. If their communication skills are poor, they may turn to violence.

21
Q

Intraindividual perspective on common couple violence.

A

Common couple violence is a product of people’s backgrounds. If their parents engaged in it, they are more likely to do so.

22
Q

True or false? IPV mostly happens in married couples.

A

False, it is more common in common law partners.

23
Q

True or false? IPV is rare.

A

False, around 20-30% of university students experience IPV. 15% for severe IPV.

24
Q

True or false? IPV only happens to unhappy couples.

A

False, around half of newlyweds reported violence. High rates of violence in couples who then went on and got married. Aggression predicts less satisfaction, not other way around.

25
Q

True or false? Men are the perpetrators in IPV.

A

False, in self-report studies, women usually score higher.

26
Q

Are all relationships viable for the long term?

A

No.

27
Q

What to do when breaking up:

A
  • Consider whether you need extra precautions to stay safe.
  • Be clear that you are ending the relationship for good.
  • Tell friends and family that you have ended the relationship.
  • Asks friends and family for support if you feel lonely.
  • Find something nice to do.
  • Realize that the break up might be hard for any kids involved.
  • Consider changing locks or getting keys back.
28
Q

Don’t do these things when breaking up:

A
  • Draw it out.
  • Keep calling your ex to make sure they are ok.
  • Interfere with your ex’s relationship with his/her children, family, or friends.
29
Q

What are the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse in Gottman’s study?

A
  • Criticism.
  • Contempt.
  • Defensiveness.
  • Stonewalling.
30
Q

What is the greatest predictor of relationship failure?

A

Contempt.

31
Q

Antidote to criticism.

A

Make a complaint. State feelings and describe the situation neutrally.

32
Q

Antidote to contempt.

A

Fondness and admiration of a person’s good qualities.

33
Q

Antidote to defensiveness.

A

Assume some responsibility.

34
Q

Antidote to stonewalling.

A

Take a time out.