SES is comprised of 3 things:
- Occupational status.
Those of low SES tend to (in relation to relationships)…
- Marry less.
- Be more likely to divorce.
- Have higher levels of marital distress.
- Have children before marriage and have more children.
Do the poor care less about marriage?
Do the poor hold unrealistic standards for marriage?
Do the poor have worse relationships?
Poor people’s expectations for the relationships are no different, but low-income people are…
More likely to report financial barriers.
True or false? Low-income couples report more negative behaviour within their relationship compared to more affluent counterparts.
What are some explanations why low SES people have more relationship challenges?
- Few resources.
- Health difficulties.
- Lower levels of education.
- Little free time.
The challenges faced by low SES people causes…
Stress from these problems to spillover to the relationship.
What is the prominent approach for helping low-income couples’ intimate relationships?
Offering education to teach healthy relationship skills (communication, conflict resolution, etc.).
Relationship education was developed for the ___ class.
What is the biggest criticism of relationship enrichment programs?
Those who need it most don’t attend.
Is teaching healthy relationship skills effective?
The effects between those in the intervention and those who aren’t are mixed, and small at best.
What did Hawkins say about relationship support?
- Even small effects translate into big savings in terms of reliance on other taxpayer funded sources of support.
- Most government administered programs have difficulty demonstrating an impact.
Program in the U.S. where those who will not pass high school are sent to trade school and paid. Did not benefit at-risk youth.
What does JobCore show?
No matter how much money you throw at policy, it may not work.
Connections to family, friends, neighbours, clubs, or other institutions.
When do social networks help?
When there is a lot of overlap between partners’ networks, and the members of each person’s social network supports the relationship.
How do social networks provide resources?
Provide social capital.
Connections that help you cope with stresses.
Shared social networks can make it harder to leave a relationship. This is known as a ___ constraint.
Shared social networks that ___ of the relationship make it easier to build and foster the relationship.
If social networks ___ of the partner or relationship, this makes the relationship more difficult to sustain.
If there is ___ within the network, this makes the relationship more difficult to sustain because support is provided by someone else.
Give examples of effects of social networks.
- Opportunity to clarify commitment.
- Access to more alternative partners.
Relationships are embedded in a ___.
Context can be beneficial when:
- The couple has many resources.
- High SES.
- Approving and overlapping social network.
Context can be harmful when:
- The couple faces many stressors.
- Low SES.
- Independent or disapproving social networks.