Flashcards in Physical Aggression or Intimate Partner Violence Deck (34):
Two historical perspectives on intimate partner violence?
1. Advocacy perspective.
2. Family sociological perspective.
Sought to understand aggression against women. Men as monsters. Men were primary perpetrators and methodology is important.
Family Sociological Perspective
Looked at where aggression occurred more broadly. Discovered equal rates of aggression between men and women. Women may even perpetrate more.
Has goal of controlling and intimidating the partner.
Which gender is more likely to commit intimate terrorism.
Most commonly engaged in by males against females.
What is intimate terrorism predicted by?
Personality traits and background of the aggressor.
True or false? People who engage in intimate terrorism in one romantic relationships are likely to engage in it in subsequent relationships as well.
Victims of intimate terrorism may ultimately engage in ___ ___.
Which gender is more likely to injure the other partner?
Which gender is more likely to kill the other partner?
Common Couple Violence
Conflict interaction that gets out of hand and turns physical.
Which gender is more likely to engage in common couple violence?
Males and females equally likely to engage in it.
Is common couple violence unilateral or bilateral?
Can be either.
Common couple violence is best predicted by ___ factors, not personality.
True or false? People who engage in common couple violence in one relationship is likely to also engage in it in another relationship.
What are the biggest indicators of common couple violence?
Being victimized and alcohol.
Why would partners not report common couple violence?
Explain it as a rare occurrence, due to stress, or other external factors.
Conflict Tactics Scale
A scale that asks you to rate how often specific events have occurred in the past year.
Sociocultural perspective on common couple violence.
Violence is common in the media; when partners disagree, violent responses may come to mind.
Interpersonal perspective on common couple violence.
Common couple violence is a product of the two people involved. If their communication skills are poor, they may turn to violence.
Intraindividual perspective on common couple violence.
Common couple violence is a product of people’s backgrounds. If their parents engaged in it, they are more likely to do so.
True or false? IPV mostly happens in married couples.
False, it is more common in common law partners.
True or false? IPV is rare.
False, around 20-30% of university students experience IPV. 15% for severe IPV.
True or false? IPV only happens to unhappy couples.
False, around half of newlyweds reported violence. High rates of violence in couples who then went on and got married. Aggression predicts less satisfaction, not other way around.
True or false? Men are the perpetrators in IPV.
False, in self-report studies, women usually score higher.
Are all relationships viable for the long term?
What to do when breaking up:
- Consider whether you need extra precautions to stay safe.
- Be clear that you are ending the relationship for good.
- Tell friends and family that you have ended the relationship.
- Asks friends and family for support if you feel lonely.
- Find something nice to do.
- Realize that the break up might be hard for any kids involved.
- Consider changing locks or getting keys back.
Don't do these things when breaking up:
- Draw it out.
- Keep calling your ex to make sure they are ok.
- Interfere with your ex's relationship with his/her children, family, or friends.
What are the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse in Gottman's study?
What is the greatest predictor of relationship failure?
Antidote to criticism.
Make a complaint. State feelings and describe the situation neutrally.
Antidote to contempt.
Fondness and admiration of a person's good qualities.
Antidote to defensiveness.
Assume some responsibility.