Flashcards in 1920 Quiz Deck (134):
What are the other nmaes for 1920s?
Roaring 20s and Jazz Age
What was born in the 20s?
Was the 20s a good or bad change for Amerian society?
How did the census reflect an urban society?
people had mived into cities to enjoy a higher standard of living
Why was it the age of prosperity?
age of the automobile
What kind of depression in early 20s contributed to the urban migration?
Where did US farmers lose agri markets to?
post war Europe
As agri effenciency increased, what else happened?
more food was produced and fewer laborers needed
What did bankers do when farming was no longer as prosperious?
called in their loans
WHo entered the depression in advance to the rest of society?
What social class were black americans in?
WHat kept blacks in "slavery"?
When did boll weevil wipe ot the cotton crops
What happened to blacks when white land owners went bankrupt?
balcks were forced off their lands
What ws the Great Migration?
Blacks wernt north for industrial jobs
What kind of communities were in north for blacks?
balck culture flourished there
WHat did both black and white want toward cultural interchange?
WHat did Marcus Garvey do?
Universal Negro Improvement Association
beleived in black pride
advocated racial segregation because of black superiority
Blacks should return to Africa
He purchaedd a ship to start the Black star line
Attracted many inestments; govt charged him with fraud
Found guilty and deported to Jamacia but his organizaiton continued
What did President Harding do?
Legacy of Scandals
Died in office
What did President Coolidge do?
No help for farmers
What was the culture like in the 20s?
Silent Movies (Charlie Chaplin)
Talkies (Jazz Singer Starring AL Solson)
Mary Pickford (AMerica Sweetheart)
Who were some famous celebraties?
Babe Ruth baseball
Ty Cobb Baseball
Jack Dempsey (boxer)
Charles Lindergh (Spirit of St Louis)
What were flappers like?
What were some musicians?
What were some writers?
What was the 19th amendment?
Gave women the right to vote in 1919
Where did women tend to work out of after the 20s?
outside of home
What did women do more with education?
went to college and wanted to join professions
What did women not want to sacrifice?
wartime gains-amounted to social revolt
What were women cahracterized by?
Flapper or new woman
bobbed hair, smoked in public, short dress
What act was passed as antiimmigraion?
national origins act
What happpened in the Sacco Vanzetti Trail?
Where did the point of origin hsift to?
South and East Europe
Jewish, Orthodox, Catholic
What did Northern European immigrants of 19 century fear?
the shift to S and E Europe immigrants
Undermine Protestant values (Nativism)
What did the fear of immigrants from S and E Europe lead to?
Blck Scare (fear of communimsmpost Bolshevik Rev)
What was the fear of basic communism advocates making an international revolution by the workers?
Fears that this ideology could find its way into the US
What was going on with Wilson during the Black Scare?
ill with strokes
Who wanted to take a shot at presidency when Wilson was ill?
His attorney general Mitchell Palmer
he used fears of both immigraion and communism to his advantage
What did Palmer use Hoover for?
round up suspected radicals
many were deproted (Palmer Riots)
What was the KKK against?
What was the Scopes Monkey Trail?
Science vs Relgion
John Scopes Bio teacher
What act was passed for Prohibition?
What is prohibition?
on manufactored and sale of alcohol
What ws the prohibition an outgrowth of?
long term temperance movement
What was the relatin between WWI and temperance movemtn?
Drunkeness caused low productivity and inefficentcy and alcohol needed to treat wounded
Why was the temperance movemnt a difficult law to enforce?
organized crimes, speakeasies, bootleggers were on the rise
Who virtually controlled Chicago in this period?
capitalism on the rise
When did Prohibition end?
1933 with the 21 amendment
What did Lindburgh do?
FLew from NYC to Paris in a single engine airplane by himself for the first tiem
The Spirt of St Louis was the name of his plane
Pulitzer Prize winner
What was the first talkie?
The Jazz singer
What bug destroyed the cotton crop in 1915?
What percent of money were to the rich?
How many RR workers striked and waht resulted?
Scabs took their places
What kind of government was Harding?
When were wages fixed?
What was Hardings campain slogan?
return to normalsy
What did Harding want for America?
Cooliage and Hoover liked this
What was the Mellon Plan?
Reduce income tax
Conary was outraged
It passed and foreign products had heavy tax
European countires could not get money back
What went on with Harding and his cabinet scandels?
Teapot Dome: Fall transfered the land to oil company for private money
What happened when Harding died in office?
Cooliage took office
Who was elected president in 1924?
What percent of the world wealth was in America?
What did low interest rates increase?
How many automobiles were created in the 20s due to the automobile boom?
What other industries did the automobile industry help?
steel, glass, rubber
What rose from automobiles?
What is scientific management?
working more efficency in less time
Why did farmers go bankrupt?
interests from loans
Did homes not have electricity?
No, more homes had more electricity
Who wer better off than farmers?
What increased by the 20s?
What did chain stores sell?
Where were the new stores to buy everything you needed?
What did AMericans have more time for?
What did Lindburgh capture the imagination of and what was the result?
passenger airplanes stated (43 airlines)
Why was there a period of tension between Americans?
Fear of communism, socialism, nd anarchists
Sacco & Vensalli were onviced for a crime they did not do
What did Americans think about immigrants and jobs?
they were stealing the jobs
What was the Natinal Origin Act?
Southern, Eastern Europe and Japan were affected
What were the KKK?
Not American and Protestant were shunned
4 mill members
Native, whte protestent, superiority
ended when an official was arrested
Only 50,000 members remained
Where did most people live?
Urban areas, not rural
What was the 18th amendment?
prohibiton supported by rural people
What are speakeasies?
What are bootleggers?
How long did Prohibition last?
Where was Jazz born?
What moved Jazz north and where did it land?
Where did women get their news from?
By 1925, what industry was the 4th largest?
How were women wages compared to men?
What was educaiton like in the 20s?
more were literate and more went to highschool
How much did Americans spend on entertainment?
What made the economy fall?
Marked by a wave of new lifestyle and ideas
Movie industries produced new celebraties
jazz music flourished
flappers defined a socaial trend
America began to stray from tradition values
Refers to the economic stability and oppurtunity expierenced during the 1920s
Inventions of new consumer goods and home electric electric products contributed to this
Boom in electric industry
growth in oriented bui
snessexpansionist regarding American capitalism
Boom strated with invention of automobile
First successful radio station in the US started Nov 2, 1920
Broadcasted the news of the president Harding Election
Influenced the Federal Radio Commission
Women's Christin Temperance Movement?
Grew in momentum during the progressive era
Occured because the war with Germany fermented wider suport for the movement
By 1917, it established prohibition in 19 states
Universal Negro Improvement Association
Black natonalist leader who created the Back to Africa Movement in the US
1907 he led a printers strike for higher wages at a printing compant in Kingston
1914 he founded the UNIA
1916 started the newspaper Negro World
American writer known for the use of jazz and black folk rhymes in his poetry
Used musical rhyms and the traditions of balcks culture in his poetry
1920s he was a prominent figure in Harlem Renaissance
and was a poet Laureate of Harlem
Harlem Renissance refers to balck cultural developemtn
Movement depended on the patronge of white people
Completed first automobile in 1893
1903 started ford motor company
1908 started productin of model T
1913 began using standardized interchangable parts adnd assembly lines in his plants
Most popular baseball player ever
He began 1914on Baltimore team of the international
General Label of what the 20s represented
reflects the revolution in music during this time when jazz became popular and in style
refers to prosperity and liberation of people in this time
The Lost Generation?
Refers to Americans writers that lived in Paris
Bitter about WWI experiences
Disenfranchised with the decade
Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Williams
New generation rebels agaisn last gen
Seemed to be expatriates
Never formed a movemnt byt individually were influencal
Wrote the book in 5 months in 1925
Plot was sensitive and satiric story of success and collapse of American dream
bitter from the effects of war
A Farewell to Arms
Hemingway's novels depicted the lives of men and women who are deprived of faith by WWI; and mena of simple character and primitive emotions
Also wrote The sun also rises
Post war behavior had a liberating effect on women
Women were notcied more for sex appeal and in the advertising industry as such
Domestic chores were taken care of with nre technology
More liberatied attitude
leave theri boot flaps open
independent and representing the rebellious youth of the age
bobbed hair, smoked, heavy makeup, short skirt
steryotype of women in the 1920s
WHite Anglo-Saxon Protestant
upper class white people
1st Red Scare?
American Public was scared that communism would come into the US
Left winged supporteers were suspected
This fear of communsim helped businessmen who used it to stop labor strikes
Sacco and Vanzetti Case:
Sacco was a shoe worker and Vanzetti was a fish peddler
Both convicted of murdering a Massacucous paymaster and his guard in 1921
They were supported by LIberals and Radicals
Case lasted 6 years and resulted in execution based on weak evidence
Mainly because Americans were xenophobic
Ku Klux Klan
It was against all groups that did not have a protestant background
They were most prevalent in the Midwest and So;uth
THey became less popular when Klan officials were caught embezzeling money
Religion vs Science
Hih school biology teacher
Law that established a Prohibition Bureau within the Treasury Department
It was under budgeted and largely ineffective especially in strongly anti prohibition states
Emergancy Quota Act?
Legislation that limited migration to 3% of the people of their nationality living in the US in 1910
Fear of foreigner
A period in the 1920s when blacks achievement in arts and music and literature flourished
A movement advocating greater production of the interest of consumers
women suffrage 1920
Repeal 18th amendment
prohibition was no longer required by law
Federal Radio Commission?
Created by Congress and extend the pronciple of governmtn regulation of buisness activity to the radio industry
Ex of progressive spirit in the legislative branch nad its effect on society
Anti Saloon League?
Formed during Progressive era
Spurred from Women Christian Temperance movement
Encouraged the legal abolition of alcohol
Result: prohibition 18th amendment
What is the other name for bootlegger?
National Women's Party?
Lobbied for equal rghts amendment in the Constitution
Other feminits, radicals, and other labor activits condemned Paul's stance
Cecil B de Mille?
American motion picture director and producer
Joined Lasky and Goldwyn to form Jesse L Laskey Feature Play Company
He directed and produced the first feature film called Squaw Man in 1914
WHat is prohibition nicknamed and what happened?
THe noble experiment
Women responsibility to keep them clean
An actor who was idolized by female fans in 20s
First silent film THe Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
but his peak was The Sheik
Silent film acotr who appeared in 1914 with the Keystone Film Company
James Weldon Johnson?
Author, lawyor, diplomat
reflected black life in the US
served as field secretary of the NAACP from 1916-1920
He became the NAACP first black executive secretary
Sigmund Freud Theory?
All psycological issue was linked to a sexual issue
The Jazz Singer?
movie that demanded dancers that could fufill the expectation of the 20s
Astair, Balachine, and Berkeley helepd with cheoeography
The Man Nobody Inows
Advertising executive described as Jesus because he could pick up 12 men from the bottom and forge them into an organizaiton htat conquered the world
He was refered to publics admination of leaders like Harding
Main Street was written in 20s and is where Lewis first developed the theme of monotony, emotional, frust=ration and lack of values in AMerican middle class
Babbitt written in 122 comments on how people conform blindly to the standards of the enviorment
Editor for the magazine The American Mercury
He foundejd the mag
Targeted his work at the short coming of deocracy and middle class culture
Won Nobel Prive for his poem The Wasteland
It expressed Eliots concetion of the contrast beteen modern society and societies in the past