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Flashcards in 1920 Quiz Deck (134):
1

What are the other nmaes for 1920s?

Roaring 20s and Jazz Age

2

What was born in the 20s?

Modern America

3

Was the 20s a good or bad change for Amerian society?

good

4

How did the census reflect an urban society?

people had mived into cities to enjoy a higher standard of living

5

Why was it the age of prosperity?

economic expnsion
mass production
assembly line
age of the automobile
poor agriculture

6

What kind of depression in early 20s contributed to the urban migration?

agri

7

Where did US farmers lose agri markets to?

post war Europe

8

As agri effenciency increased, what else happened?

more food was produced and fewer laborers needed

9

What did bankers do when farming was no longer as prosperious?

called in their loans
farms repossessed

10

WHo entered the depression in advance to the rest of society?

American farmers

11

What social class were black americans in?

poverty

12

WHat kept blacks in "slavery"?

sharecropping

13

When did boll weevil wipe ot the cotton crops

1915

14

What happened to blacks when white land owners went bankrupt?

balcks were forced off their lands

15

What ws the Great Migration?

Blacks wernt north for industrial jobs

16

What kind of communities were in north for blacks?

ghettos
balck culture flourished there

17

WHat did both black and white want toward cultural interchange?

restriction

18

WHat did Marcus Garvey do?

Universal Negro Improvement Association
beleived in black pride
advocated racial segregation because of black superiority
Blacks should return to Africa
He purchaedd a ship to start the Black star line
Attracted many inestments; govt charged him with fraud
Found guilty and deported to Jamacia but his organizaiton continued

19

What did President Harding do?

Elected 1920
Legacy of Scandals
Teapot Dome
Died in office

20

What did President Coolidge do?

Fordney-McCumber Tariff
Smoot-Hawley Tariff
No help for farmers
Forein Policy

21

What was the culture like in the 20s?

Silent Movies (Charlie Chaplin)
Talkies (Jazz Singer Starring AL Solson)
Mary Pickford (AMerica Sweetheart)
O'Neill (movies)

22

Who were some famous celebraties?

Babe Ruth baseball
Ty Cobb Baseball
Jack Dempsey (boxer)
Charles Lindergh (Spirit of St Louis)

23

What were flappers like?

Short skirt
Publically smoked

24

What were some musicians?

Louis Armstrong
Duke Ellington

25

What were some writers?

Fitzgerald
Hemingway
Lewis

26

What was the 19th amendment?

Gave women the right to vote in 1919

27

Where did women tend to work out of after the 20s?

outside of home

28

What did women do more with education?

went to college and wanted to join professions

29

What did women not want to sacrifice?

wartime gains-amounted to social revolt

30

What were women cahracterized by?

Flapper or new woman
bobbed hair, smoked in public, short dress

31

What act was passed as antiimmigraion?

national origins act
discrimination

32

What happpened in the Sacco Vanzetti Trail?

Italian immigants
unfair trial

33

Where did the point of origin hsift to?

South and East Europe
Jewish, Orthodox, Catholic

34

What did Northern European immigrants of 19 century fear?

the shift to S and E Europe immigrants
Undermine Protestant values (Nativism)

35

What did the fear of immigrants from S and E Europe lead to?

Blck Scare (fear of communimsmpost Bolshevik Rev)

36

What was the fear of basic communism advocates making an international revolution by the workers?

Fears that this ideology could find its way into the US

37

What was going on with Wilson during the Black Scare?

ill with strokes

38

Who wanted to take a shot at presidency when Wilson was ill?

His attorney general Mitchell Palmer
he used fears of both immigraion and communism to his advantage

39

What did Palmer use Hoover for?

round up suspected radicals
many were deproted (Palmer Riots)

40

What was the KKK against?

blacks
immigraiton
semitic
catholic
women suffrage
bootlegging

41

What was the Scopes Monkey Trail?

Science vs Relgion
John Scopes Bio teacher
Dayton, Tenn

42

What act was passed for Prohibition?

Volstead Act

43

What is prohibition?

on manufactored and sale of alcohol

44

What ws the prohibition an outgrowth of?

long term temperance movement

45

What was the relatin between WWI and temperance movemtn?

patriotic movement
Drunkeness caused low productivity and inefficentcy and alcohol needed to treat wounded

46

Why was the temperance movemnt a difficult law to enforce?

organized crimes, speakeasies, bootleggers were on the rise

47

Who virtually controlled Chicago in this period?

Al Capone
capitalism on the rise

48

When did Prohibition end?

1933 with the 21 amendment

49

What did Lindburgh do?

FLew from NYC to Paris in a single engine airplane by himself for the first tiem
The Spirt of St Louis was the name of his plane
Pulitzer Prize winner

50

What was the first talkie?

The Jazz singer

51

What bug destroyed the cotton crop in 1915?

boll weevil

52

What percent of money were to the rich?

60%

53

How many RR workers striked and waht resulted?

343,000
Scabs took their places

54

What kind of government was Harding?

Lassiez Faire

55

When were wages fixed?

WWI

56

What was Hardings campain slogan?

return to normalsy

57

What did Harding want for America?

rejected LON
Liked isolaiton
Cooliage and Hoover liked this

58

What was the Mellon Plan?

1923
Reduce income tax
Conary was outraged
It passed and foreign products had heavy tax
European countires could not get money back

59

What went on with Harding and his cabinet scandels?

Albert Fall
Teapot Dome: Fall transfered the land to oil company for private money

60

What happened when Harding died in office?

Cooliage took office
Silent Cal

61

Who was elected president in 1924?

Cooliage

62

What percent of the world wealth was in America?

40%

63

What did low interest rates increase?

building boom
more loans

64

How many automobiles were created in the 20s due to the automobile boom?

23 mill

65

What other industries did the automobile industry help?

steel, glass, rubber

66

What rose from automobiles?

suburbs

67

What is scientific management?

working more efficency in less time

68

Why did farmers go bankrupt?

interests from loans

69

Did homes not have electricity?

No, more homes had more electricity

70

Who wer better off than farmers?

Urban areas

71

What increased by the 20s?

Wages

72

What did chain stores sell?

premade clothes

73

Where were the new stores to buy everything you needed?

Supermarkets

74

What did AMericans have more time for?

leisure

75

What did Lindburgh capture the imagination of and what was the result?

flying
passenger airplanes stated (43 airlines)

76

Why was there a period of tension between Americans?

Fear of communism, socialism, nd anarchists
Sacco & Vensalli were onviced for a crime they did not do

77

What did Americans think about immigrants and jobs?

they were stealing the jobs

78

What was the Natinal Origin Act?

Immigration Laws
Southern, Eastern Europe and Japan were affected

79

What were the KKK?

Not American and Protestant were shunned
4 mill members
Native, whte protestent, superiority
ended when an official was arrested
Only 50,000 members remained

80

Where did most people live?

Urban areas, not rural

81

What was the 18th amendment?

prohibiton supported by rural people

82

What are speakeasies?

secret bars

83

What are bootleggers?

Smuggled alcohol

84

How long did Prohibition last?

13 years

85

Where was Jazz born?

New Orleans

86

What moved Jazz north and where did it land?

Great Migration
Harlem Renissance

87

Where did women get their news from?

radio

88

By 1925, what industry was the 4th largest?

movie

89

How were women wages compared to men?

lower

90

What was educaiton like in the 20s?

more were literate and more went to highschool

91

How much did Americans spend on entertainment?

4.5 bill

92

What made the economy fall?

Great Depression

93

Roaring 20s?

Marked by a wave of new lifestyle and ideas
Movie industries produced new celebraties
jazz music flourished
literature flourished
flappers defined a socaial trend
America began to stray from tradition values

94

Prosperity?

Refers to the economic stability and oppurtunity expierenced during the 1920s
Inventions of new consumer goods and home electric electric products contributed to this
Boom in electric industry
growth in oriented bui
snessexpansionist regarding American capitalism
Boom strated with invention of automobile

95

KDKA Pittsburg?

First successful radio station in the US started Nov 2, 1920
Broadcasted the news of the president Harding Election
Influenced the Federal Radio Commission

96

Women's Christin Temperance Movement?

Formed 1874
Grew in momentum during the progressive era
Occured because the war with Germany fermented wider suport for the movement
By 1917, it established prohibition in 19 states

97

Mafrcus Garvey?

Universal Negro Improvement Association
Black natonalist leader who created the Back to Africa Movement in the US
1907 he led a printers strike for higher wages at a printing compant in Kingston
1914 he founded the UNIA
1916 started the newspaper Negro World

98

Langston Hughes?

Harlem Renaissance
American writer known for the use of jazz and black folk rhymes in his poetry
Used musical rhyms and the traditions of balcks culture in his poetry
1920s he was a prominent figure in Harlem Renaissance
and was a poet Laureate of Harlem
Harlem Renissance refers to balck cultural developemtn
Movement depended on the patronge of white people

99

Henry Ford?

Model T
Completed first automobile in 1893
1903 started ford motor company
1908 started productin of model T
1913 began using standardized interchangable parts adnd assembly lines in his plants

100

Babe Ruth?

Most popular baseball player ever
He began 1914on Baltimore team of the international

101

Jazz Age?

General Label of what the 20s represented
reflects the revolution in music during this time when jazz became popular and in style
refers to prosperity and liberation of people in this time
good times

102

The Lost Generation?

Refers to Americans writers that lived in Paris
Bitter about WWI experiences
Disenfranchised with the decade
Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Williams
New generation rebels agaisn last gen
Seemed to be expatriates
Never formed a movemnt byt individually were influencal

103

Scott Fitzgerald?

Great Gatsby
Wrote the book in 5 months in 1925
Plot was sensitive and satiric story of success and collapse of American dream
Lost Generation
bitter from the effects of war

104

Earnest Hemingway?

A Farewell to Arms
Hemingway's novels depicted the lives of men and women who are deprived of faith by WWI; and mena of simple character and primitive emotions
Also wrote The sun also rises

105

New Woman?

Post war behavior had a liberating effect on women
Women were notcied more for sex appeal and in the advertising industry as such
Domestic chores were taken care of with nre technology
More liberatied attitude

106

Flappers?

leave theri boot flaps open
independent and representing the rebellious youth of the age
bobbed hair, smoked, heavy makeup, short skirt
steryotype of women in the 1920s

107

WASP?`

WHite Anglo-Saxon Protestant
upper class white people

108

1st Red Scare?

American Public was scared that communism would come into the US
Left winged supporteers were suspected
This fear of communsim helped businessmen who used it to stop labor strikes

109

Sacco and Vanzetti Case:

Sacco was a shoe worker and Vanzetti was a fish peddler
Both convicted of murdering a Massacucous paymaster and his guard in 1921
They were supported by LIberals and Radicals
Case lasted 6 years and resulted in execution based on weak evidence
Mainly because Americans were xenophobic

110

KKK?

Ku Klux Klan
Antiforeign group
It was against all groups that did not have a protestant background
They were most prevalent in the Midwest and So;uth
THey became less popular when Klan officials were caught embezzeling money

111

Monkey Trials?

Scopes trial
Religion vs Science
Hih school biology teacher

112

Volstead Act?

Law that established a Prohibition Bureau within the Treasury Department
It was under budgeted and largely ineffective especially in strongly anti prohibition states

113

Emergancy Quota Act?

1921
Legislation that limited migration to 3% of the people of their nationality living in the US in 1910

114

Xenophobia?

Fear of foreigner

115

Harlem Renissance?

A period in the 1920s when blacks achievement in arts and music and literature flourished

116

Consumerism?

A movement advocating greater production of the interest of consumers

117

19th Amendment?

women suffrage 1920

118

21st Amendment?

Repeal 18th amendment
prohibition was no longer required by law

119

Federal Radio Commission?

1927
Created by Congress and extend the pronciple of governmtn regulation of buisness activity to the radio industry
Ex of progressive spirit in the legislative branch nad its effect on society

120

Anti Saloon League?

Formed during Progressive era
Spurred from Women Christian Temperance movement
Encouraged the legal abolition of alcohol
Result: prohibition 18th amendment

121

What is the other name for bootlegger?

Rum runner

122

National Women's Party?

Alice Paul
Lobbied for equal rghts amendment in the Constitution
Other feminits, radicals, and other labor activits condemned Paul's stance
Never succeeded

123

Cecil B de Mille?

American motion picture director and producer
Joined Lasky and Goldwyn to form Jesse L Laskey Feature Play Company
He directed and produced the first feature film called Squaw Man in 1914

124

WHat is prohibition nicknamed and what happened?

THe noble experiment
Women responsibility to keep them clean

125

Rudolph Valentino?

An actor who was idolized by female fans in 20s
First silent film THe Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
but his peak was The Sheik

126

Charlie Chaplin?

Silent film acotr who appeared in 1914 with the Keystone Film Company

127

James Weldon Johnson?

Author, lawyor, diplomat
reflected black life in the US
served as field secretary of the NAACP from 1916-1920
He became the NAACP first black executive secretary

128

Sigmund Freud Theory?

All psycological issue was linked to a sexual issue

129

The Jazz Singer?

movie that demanded dancers that could fufill the expectation of the 20s
Astair, Balachine, and Berkeley helepd with cheoeography
First talkie

130

Bruce Barton?

The Man Nobody Inows
Advertising executive described as Jesus because he could pick up 12 men from the bottom and forge them into an organizaiton htat conquered the world
He was refered to publics admination of leaders like Harding

131

Sinclair Lewis?

Main Street was written in 20s and is where Lewis first developed the theme of monotony, emotional, frust=ration and lack of values in AMerican middle class
Babbitt written in 122 comments on how people conform blindly to the standards of the enviorment

132

H.L Mencken?

Editor for the magazine The American Mercury
He foundejd the mag
Targeted his work at the short coming of deocracy and middle class culture

133

T.S Eliot?

Won Nobel Prive for his poem The Wasteland
It expressed Eliots concetion of the contrast beteen modern society and societies in the past

134

Theodore Dreiser?

American Tragedy
Ha great success
He believed in representing life honestly in his fiction and accomplished this through detail of the urban setting in his stories
He protrays his characters as victims of social and economic forces