Industrialization Quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Industrialization Quiz 2 Deck (45):
1

`When was the first transcontiental rr built?

1869

2

How many days did the transcontiental rr cut from cross contry travel?

26 days to 7 days

3

What helped pay for westward rrs and what was the impact?

Federal subsides; made it easy to settle west

4

What did trains carry to the east and west?

East: cattle
west: supplies

5

What did RR expansion help destroy?

Buffalo on the range

6

What replaced buffalo on the range and provided meals for fast growing Eastern cities?

Cattle

7

How much rr track was in 1860?

30,626 mi

8

How much rr track was in 1870?

52,922 mi

9

How much rr track was in 1880?

93,262 mi

10

How much rr track was in 1890?

166,703 mi

11

Where were buffalo and cattle in 1860?

Most midwest = buffalo
Southern tip of TX = cattle

12

Where were buffalo and cattle in 1870?

most midwest was cattle with buffalo in northern midwest

13

Where were buffalo and cattle in 1880?

Cattle covered the western half of the US with very little buffalo

14

What did the north mass produce during the Civil War?

rifles, cannons, ships, and uniforms

15

What allowed people to communicate over long distances?

telegraph and telephone

16

What was the Bessemer process?

made steel production more economical

17

What was used to light and heat homes?

Petroleum based products (keroscene)

18

What powered machines?

Electricity

19

What was the internal combustion engine?

used petroleum based gasoline to power cars and airplanes

20

What did Elias Howe make and when?

sewing machine 1846

21

What did Elisha Otis make and when?

passanger elevator 1852

22

What did Christaphor Sholes make and when?

typewritter 1867

23

What did Alexander Grahm Bell make and when?

Telephone 1876

24

What did Thomas Edison make and when?

electric bulb 1879

25

What did Orville and Wilbur Wright make and when?

airplane 1903

26

What are the major RR towns?

Chicago
St Louis
Minneapolis
San Fransico
Los Angeles
Tacoma

27

What was the impact of technological innovations?

Raised standard of living
Transportation and Communication
New Engineering feats
Work and Buisness

28

What was the impact of techological innovations in raised standard of living?

People became accustomed to mass produced products

29

What was the impact of technological innovations in transportation and communication?

New forms of transprotaion (steamships, rr, automobiles)
New methods of communication (telegraph, telephone)

30

What was the impact of technological innovations in new engineeering feats?

Bridges, skyscrapper of steel and concrete, and massive public buildings enabled urban cities to grow

31

What was the impact of technological innovations in work and buisness?

As factories turned to faster and larger machines, workers nd employers lost all personal contact

32

What did rrs promote?

the settlement of the frontier opening up the great plains

33

What did the rrs link in the great plains to?

ranches and farms to urban markets
allowed farmers and ranchers to ship crop and livestock east

34

What kinds of materials did the rrs bring?

brought raw materials to factories and finsished goods to customers

35

Construction of rrs stimulated what kind of industries?

iron
steel
coal

36

What were buisnesses before and after the war like?

before: small
after: the arrival of manufatoring facilites were capable of producing goods for a single market

37

Why were manufactoring facilities profitable?

they were enormace

38

Who was the first to use manufactoring facilities?

textiles but eventually all industries used it

39

After the Civil War, what were buisnesses ran by?

corperations

40

What is a corperation?

company that issues shares to investors

41

What is a stockholder?

share in a corporations profits in the form of dividends

42

Why did corportaions become widespread?

the large amounts of money they could raise

43

What did the Norhtern Pacific RR link?

Chicago to Minneapolis to Tacoma

44

What did the Union Pacific RR link?

Omaha to Sanfransico to Chicago

45

What did the Santa Fe and Topeka trail link?

Chicago to Kansas City to El Paso