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Flashcards in Review Quiz over Civil War Deck (114):
1

What was Picketts Last Charge?

Confederate Army marching to their deaths to the center of the Union army. It was to soften the middle and fight through the middle. It almost succeeded. (Divide and Conquer)

2

List the Union General.

McClellan
Pope
Burnside
Hooker
Meade
Grant

3

What was the 54th Mass?

First black burgade

4

What were the blacks units battle cry?

Remeber FOrt Pillow

5

Were the merrimack and monitor originally from the south?

NO they originate from the south

6

What was the Union's goal in taking over the Mississippi River?

Cut the confederates in half

7

What are the three parts of Antietam?

Cornfield
Sunken Road
Burnside Bridge

8

What was the bloodiest single day battle?

Antietam
September 17, 1862

9

What battles were Union victories in the west?

Fort Henry
Fort Donelson
Vicksburg

10

Which Battles were Condefederate victories in the west?

Shiloh and Murphyborough

11

What were to the West Wars?

Fort Henry
Fort Donelson
Battle of Vicksburg
Battle of Murphysburg
Battle of Shiloh

12

Who created the Anconda's Plan?

General Winfield Scott

13

New York City Draft Riots were what?

White people rioted in NYC because they didnt want to fight the war to free black people

14

Antietam took away what from the Confederacy?

The ability to have the British back them up

15

What major thing resulted from Antietam?

Emancipation Proclamation

16

What was blockade running?

the process of smuggling materieals through the blockades, but the Union could seize British freighters on the high seas saying their final destination was the south

17

Why did the Confederates have the upperhand with ships?

They used an old US warship reconditioned and plated with iron called the Virginia (Merrimack)

18

What did the Union build to counter the Merrimack?

Monitor (built in 100 days)

19

What did the Merrimack and Monitor show ships needed?

Steam engine
armor

20

What was the Peninsula Campain?

water bourne approch to Richmond

21

What was the Emancipation Proclamation?

Slaves in the seceded states were free
slaves in border states were still inslaved

22

How did the North and south react to Emancipation Proclamation?

North: many soldiers refused to fight for abolition
South: Lincoln was stirring up trouble and trying to incite a slave insurrection

23

Were blacks in the army?

At the beginning no, but at the end they made up 10% of the union army

24

How did southerners often see black soldiers?

runaways
rebels
Fort Pillow: masscre

25

What battle did Burnside lead?

Fredericksburg

26

What battle did Hooker lead?

Chancellorsville

27

What battle did Meade lead?

Gettysburg

28

What battle did Grant win?

Fort Henry and Fort Donelson and Vicksburg

29

What battle did Grant lose?

Shiloh

30

What was the March to the Sea?

Sherman marched through Georgia and captured and burned down Atlanta
Mile wide trail of destruction (scorched earth)
Total War

31

What battle did Pope lead?

2nd battle of Bull Run

32

Who was the most famous Copperhead?

Clement Valandigham

33

What were war democrats?

Liked Lincoln

34

What wer peace democrats?

Anti Lincoln

35

Who were the copperheads?

totally against war

36

Who did the Republicans and war democrats vote for in 1864?

Lincoln

37

Who did the peace democrats and copperheads vote for?

McClellan

38

Who was Lincoln's vice president because it would get the war democrats vote?

Andrew Johnson

39

When Grant captured Richmond and cornered Lee, where did they meet to end the war?

Appomattox Court House Virginia April 1865 where Lee surended

40

Who, where, and when was Lincoln murdered?

John Wilkes Booth
Ford's Theatre
April 14, 1865

41

What was the cost of the Civil War?

600,000 men
$15 billion
wasted crops

42

What happened after Lincoln was elected in 1860?

Deep south seceded

43

What happened at Fort Sumter?

Confederate attacked union ship bring food
Lincoln sent 75,000 to a "90 day war"
Confederates won fort sumter when Stonewall Jackson brought reinforcements

44

What happened at 1st Bull Run?

Confederate won and shocked the world
Spectators watched, but with the rest of the troops, they Skidaddled back to the north

45

What did George McClellan do?

Army of Pomotac
captured Yorktown
Called Tardy George

46

What was Union strategy after 1st Bull Run?

Total war
blockade, divide, conquer
Cut confederate in half by seizing Mississippi River
Anaconda Plan

47

Who created Anaconda Plan?

Winfield Scott

48

What happened at the 2nd Bull Run

Confederates won
Lee hoped to persuade British to help and border states to join

49

What battle did Pope lead?

2nd Bull Run

50

Who won Antietiam?

Union

51

Why was Gettysburg important?

Lee invaded Maryland
Bloodiest battle
Union won

52

Why was Vicksburg?

Union gained access to the Mississippi River

53

Why could Grant send thousands of people out to die?

He had twice the man power

54

What battle did Burnside lead?

Fredericksburg VI
Dec 13 1862

55

Why did Lincoln believe that the south restoration would be relatively simple?

South never legally withdrew from the Union

56

What was the 10% Plan?

Lincoln created it
if southern states could be reinstated into the Union if:
10% of voters took a pledge and oath to the union
acknowledge emancipation

57

What did radical republicans fear?

lenicency of 10% plan would allow the southerners to re-enslaves the free black people

58

Wade Davis Bill?

Made by radical republicans
50% needed to pledge and oath
stronger safeguards for emancipation

59

What happened to the Wade Davis Bill?

Lincoln Pocket Vetoed it (Lincoln did not sign it in 10 days so it expired; passive agressive)

60

Who were the moderate republcians?

shared same views of lincoln and favored the 10% Plan

61

Who were the radical republicans?

Against Lincoln's views
South should be heavily punished
Liked Wade Davis Bill
Wanted slaves to stay free

62

Who when and where was Lincoln assassinated?

John Wilkes booth (Sympathetic Confederate)
April 14, 1865
Ford Theater

63

What was Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Proclamation?

Certain leading confederates were disfranchised (lost right to vote)
Confederate debt was repudiated
states had to radify 13th admendment

64

What are black codes?

Controlled the free black
laws aimed at keeping the black population in submission and workers in the field

65

Who held the power in Congress?

Republicans

66

When did Johnson declare that the south had satisfied all the conditions needed and that the union was restoredd?

Dec 6, 1865

67

What was in the 14th admendment?

Blacks were American citizens
If a state denied citizen to blacks, their electoral college representation was lowered
Former confederates could not hold federal or state office
Federal debt was guarnteed while the confederate one was repudiated
The Reconstruciton would not be carried on without it in the 1866

68

What was the Military Reconstruction Act?

March 2, 1867
Divided the south into 5 military zones
Temorarily disfranchised 10,000s of former confederates
laid down new guidelines for the readmission of state

69

What was the 15th Admendment?

Passed by congress in 1869
Blacks had the right to vote

70

What was the compromise of 1877?

The presidental candites were at a stalemate so they made a deal
North got the president (Rutherford Hayes)
South got the military pulled out of the south and former slaves
Southern blacks were not protected
Ended Reconstruction

71

What were women disappointed in?

13, 14, 15 admendments since they didnt give women suffrge

72

What did women advocates do?

Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton campaigned against 14 and 15 admendments because they were only for men

73

Where did Blacks begin to organize?

Politically
Union League

74

What was the Union League?

network of political clubs that educated members in tehir civic duties and campaigned for Republican canidates
Later they built black churhs and schools
resprsented Black grievences
Recuited militias to protect blacks

75

Name two Black men who served in Congress.

Hiram Revels; Blanche K. Bruce (Mississippi)

76

What is a scalawag?

Southerners who were accused of plundering Southern treasuries and selling out the Southerners.

77

What is a carpetbagger?

Northerners accused of milking power and profit from the destroyed South.

78

What governments were corrupt during the Reconstruction?

Southern

79

What was the name of the extreme racist White group who scared Blacks into not voting or seeking jobs? (were often violent)

Ku Klux Clan (aka "Invisible Empire of the South")

80

When and where were the KKK started?

Tennessee in 1866

81

What Act provided tht the president had to secure the consent of the senate before removing his appointees once they had been approved by the Senate?

Tenure of Office Act (1867)

82

Who did Johnson fire that led to the Republicans impeaching Johnson?

Edwin M. Stanton

83

Why did Johnson's lawyers not allow him to testify for himself?

They argued that the Tenure of Office Act was unconstitutional and Johson was acting under he constitution not the law.

84

Johnson was acquitted of all charged by how many votes?

One

85

How many Republican senators with a consciences voted "not guilty"?

Seven (none were ever elected again)

86

Who did we buy Alaska from?

Russia

87

Who made the Alaskan purchase?

William H. Seward (Secretary of State)

88

How much did Alaska cost?

$7.2M

89

When did we buy Alaska?

1867

90

What was found in Alaska that made it a great deal?

oil and gold

91

Who was the vice-president of the Confederacy until 1865 when it was defeated and destroyed by the Union?

Alexander Stephens

92

What was Stephens and other Confederacy leaders indicted for?

treason

93

Who was a leading abolitionist who was beat with a cane by Preston Brooks?

Charles Sumner

94

Who was a radical Republican congressment that orchestrated the Congressional reconstrction plan tat was very stern toward the South. He also tried to impeach Johnson in 1868?

Thaddeus Stevens

95

Secretary of State under Abe and Johnson who purchased Alaska?

William Seward

96

What was sharecropping?

After Civil War, former landowners rented" plots of land to blacks and poor whites so that renters were always in debt and therefore tied to the land.

97

What was the worry if the South ran Congress?

That blacks might be enslaved again.

98

What bill was passed by Congress to protect?

Civil Rights Bill

99

What did JOhnson do to the Civil Rights Bill?

vetoed it (overridden by a 2/3rds vote and tried to have Johnson impeached which almost worked.

100

When the military leaves, how did the south regroup?

They were upset and created groups like the KKK

101

What happened in the 1868 Election?

Republican: Grant
Democrat: Seymour
Grant won significantly in the electoral college

102

What happened in the 1872 Election?

R: Grant
D: 5 opponents
Grant won easily due to troops still in the south

103

Election of 1876?

R: Rutherford Hayes
D: Samuel Tilden
The results were disputed between SC, LO, FL and two canidates bargined with each other

104

Freedmon's Bureau?

Took care of basic needs of blacks after emancipation
Education (200,000 could read and write)

105

What is impreachment?

To bring official charges against the president

106

What happened with Andrew johnson and impeachment?

He was ipeached but not removed from congress (Saved by 1 vote)

107

What was the souths reaction to the military being in their space?

Hostility

108

What amendments were in the Reconstruction Act?

13, 14 Admendment

109

Why is the Reconstruction a failer?

SOuthern balcks are promised to have all these good things to protect them, but were never given it.

110

What is an exoduster?

Black that migrates north and west to work on farms

111

Was McClellan cautious?

Yes
Tardy George
Case of the slows

112

Why was Gettysburg important?

The south is on hte run for the rest of the war
Meade was fired for not running after the south

113

Who is leader after the Gettysburg?

Sherman and Grant

114

What act did Johnson get impeached on?

Tenure Act