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Flashcards in APUSH 2.2 Deck (23):

The British colonies participated in political, cultural, and economic exchanges with Great Britain that encouraged what?

Stronger bonds with Britain and resistance to Britain's control


Transatlantic commercial, religious, philosophical, and political exchanges led residents of the British colonie to evole in what?

Their political and cultural attitudes as they became increasingly tied to Britain and one another


Diverse religous and ethnic groups (Quakers, Puritans, Catholics) led to what?

Plurism: multiple groups living together
Intellecual exchange from different European groups


What were diverse religious and ethnic groups strengthened by?

1st Great Awakening: Edwards and Whutefield led to increase in conversions which resulted in new brances of christianity)
Enlightenment: questioning of goverment (Locke-natural rights, Montesquieu-seperation of powers


How did British colonies experiece Anglicization (using more English norms and customs) over time?

Colonial goverments were based on English models
Frequent contact with Britain via transatlantic print culture-spread of ideas and goods via trade and newspaper
Spread of Protestant Evangelicalism: George Whitefield from England and others traveled across the colonies to spread his message


The British sought to increase control of its colonies through what?

pursuit of mercantilism


Conflicts with colonists and Natives led to what?

Erratic (inconsistant) enforcements


Why did Britain seek o limit colonial expansion?

limit conflicts with Natives (especially post 7 years war)


What required colonists to export specific goods only to England or English colonies?

Navigation Act


What did the navigation act lead to?

widespread smuggling from colonial merchants


Domination of New England combined who with the rest of the new world?



What did colonial resistance stem from?

Colonial self goverment
Ideas of liberty
Religious independence and diversity
Perceived corruption in the imperial system


What was colonial self goverment?

Colonists (white land owning men in most cases) were able to vote for colonial representatives, had no say in Parliment


What were the ideas of liberty?

Colonists saw themselves as British and wanted same rights


What was the Enlightenment?

challenged traditional ideas of goverment, encouragd limiting the power of the goverment


What was religious independence and diversity?

1st Great Awakening challenged traditional church authority;led to challenging authority in other areas (goverment)


Corrupt rulers like Sir Edmond Andros of the Dominion of New England elminated what?

colonial assemblies


Like other European empires in the Americas that prticipated in the slave trade, the English colonies developed a system of slavery that reflected what?

Specific economic, demographic, and geopgraphic charcteristics of those colonies


Why did all the British colinies participate in slave trade to some degree?

Large amounts of land
High demand in Europe for colonial goods (tobacco)
Shortage of indentured servants especially post Bacon's Rebellion


Where was slavery found in English colonies?

Small farms in New England
Port cities in the north and south
Plantations in the Chesapeake (MD and VA) and the South (NC, SC, GA)
Most slaves were sent to the Caribbean


What was the impact of slavery in the south?

Emergence of strict racial system
Prohibition of interracial relationships
Children of mothers who were enslaved were enslaved (didnt matter who the father was)


Africans resisted slavery and sought to maintain some levels of autonomy (family culture and religion). How did Africans resist slavery?

Overtly - through rebellions (Stono rebellion 1739)
Covertly - breaking tools, running away, working slow


How did Africans maintain some levels of Autonomy?

Family - surrogate families for slaves who were sold
Culture - language and music
Religion - Combined elements of African religions with Christianity