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Flashcards in WWI causes and weapons Deck (42):
1

What was the first chain reaction in WWI?

The Spark: Franz Fernand and wife were assassinated on June 28, 1914 by Black Hand

2

What was the second chain reaction in WWI?

Austria Hungary blames Serbia: issues harsh set of demands on Serbia

3

What was the third chian reaction in WWI?

Serbia unable to meet the demands

4

What waas the fourth chain reaction in WWI?

Jully 28, 1914, Austria Hungary after confering with Germany declares war on Serbia
Germany issues a Blank check of unconditional support

5

What was the fifth chain feaction in WWI?

Pan Slavism: Russia (largest Slav nation comes to defend Serbia and mobilize for war

6

What is mobilizing?

undeclared declaration of war

7

What is the sixth chain reaciton of WWI?

Germany: Austria Hungary ally declares war on Russia
Germany: declares war on France, ally with Russia
Exercized Schleffen Plan

8

What is the Schleffen Plan?

2 front war with France and Russia iniciated by Germany
Get France out of the war quick

9

What was the seventh chain reaction of WWI?

Germany invades Belgium (enroute to France)

10

What is the eighth chain reaction of WWI?

Britain honors long standing Belium alliance and declares war on Germany

11

WHere was the question "Who started the War" answered?

Paris Peace Conference with the Treaty of Versallies

12

What weapons were used in WWI?

sniper rifle
tanks
grenades (potato masher)
aircraft
machine gun
bolt action rifle

13

What was WWI fighting style?

Napoleonic Style
Divide and conquer

14

WHy did Napoleonic Style fail?

due to modern weapons (machine guns)

15

What are the MAIN causes of WWI?

Militarism
Alliances
Imperialism
Nationalism

16

Militarism?

Standing army in the millions
Glorification of war
War is good and neccisary for each generation to prove itself
2nd industrialization had mass production
Europe had Franco PRussian War (seasonal war)
Europeans expected WWI to be a seasonal war
Very naive to new weapons
Most significant cause of WWI

17

What was Europe like in 1800s?

relitively peace and prosperity

18

Alliances?

Triple Alliances: Germany, Austria Hungary, Italy (Italy changes teams and Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria joins)
Triple Entente: Britain, France, and Russia (later Italy and is called Allies)
Main threat was Germany
Italy changed becuse Briation made a secret treaty to gie it more land
WIlson 14 points
Common Enemy Theory

19

Imperialism?

Most industrial nations imperialize
Industrial naitons need raw materials and new markets
Scramble for Africa
Balance of power between European nations

20

Nationalism?

extreme joy in one country winning
Standing army in the millions

21

WHat were the Balkans?

Powder Keg of Europe
They were apart of the weakest empire (Ottoman)
South Central Europe next to Italy

22

What were Seasonal Wars?

wars that last just a few months
Franco Prussian War

23

WHo wer the Black Hand?

Serbian nationalists

24

Where did Serbia want to move to?

land with sea

25

The Austria Hungary invasion of _ brought Russia into the War?

Serbia

26

What was the German Kaiser during WWI was who?

Wilhelm II

27

What was Germany's secret treaty to convince Mexico to join the war?

Zimmerman

28

Who was the Commander of the American Expeditionary Force during WWI?

John Pershing

29

WHo was the president during WWI?

Wilson

30

What years were WWI?

1914-1918

31

German Kriegsmarine pioneered the use of _ to sink enemy ship.

Submarine
U boat

32

WHat was the pledge that Germny would stop unrestricted submarine warfare?

Suffex Pledge

33

WHat type of warfare was used by both sides on the Western Front?

trent warfare
machine gun
stalemate
no mans land
over the top

34

For the first 3 years of the war, the US practiced waht kind of policy?

Neutrality

35

What was Wilson's campain for the 1916 election?

he kept us out of war

36

How was most of the money used to fund the war was raised?

sales of Liberty Bonds

37

The Commitee of Public Information was set up in 1917 for what purpose?

To publicize and popularize the war

38

What laws aloowd the US govt to silence or imprision those who oppose the war?

THe espionage
sabatoge
Sedition Act of 1917

39

The AMerican soldiers in WWI were nicknamed what by allies troops?

dough boys

40

WHo was the top fighter pilot during the war?

Rickenbacker

41

Who was the Red Baron?

Richtholen

42

What political faction orchestrated the Nov 1917 revolution in Russia?

The Bolshevilks