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Flashcards in APUSH 4.3 Deck (29):
1

US interest in increasing foreign trade, expanding its national borders, and isolating itself from European conflicts shaped what?

The nations foreign policy
Spurred government and private initiatives

2

Struggling to create an independent global presence, US policy makers sought to dominate what?

North America contient
promate foreign trade

3

What did the US do after the Louisiana Purchase?

expand trade and contact beyond the border

4

What was significant about the new Oregon border?

US and Canada eventually settled in the 49th Parallel

5

What was significant about annexing Texas?

After Texas declared independence, the US added Texas in 1845 (debates over slavery)

6

What was significant about the US trading with China?

Treaty of Wanghia (1844) improved trading rights for US in China

7

In what ways did the US seek to dominate North America?

military
judical actions
diplomatic efforts

8

What did the Monroe doctrine do?

Warned Europe to stay out of Latin America, in return US would stay out of European affairs

9

What was the Webster-Ashburton Treaty?

helped resolve the Maine/Canada boundry dispute (Aroostook War)

10

Various American groups and individuals initiated, championed, and/or resisted what?

expansion of territory and/or government powers

11

What were debates raised about?

expansion
incorportation of new territories

12

What did the Missouri Compromise desire to balance?

number of free and slave states

13

Who resisted the authority of the federal government?

North and South states

14

What was New England's reaction to the War of 1812 and embargoes against Britain?

Hartford Conversation

15

What was southeners reaction to high tariffs (SC Exosition and Protest)?

Nullification Crisis

16

Who advocated for expansion?

those living on the frontier

17

Who started Warhawks during War of 1812?

Henry Clay

18

After War of 1812, why were Indians on the frontier less of a threat?

they were pushed west

19

What were the two Native American conflicts and federal efforts to control Natives?

Indian Removal Act
Seminole Wars

20

What was the Indian Removal Act?

supported by southerners, pushed Natives west of the Mississippi River

21

What was the Trail of Tears?

forced removal west of MIssissippi

22

What were the Seminole Wars?

series of wars with Natives in Florida

23

The American acquistion of lands in teh West gave rise to what?

contest over the extension of slavery into western territories
a series of attempts at national compromise

24

Missouri Compromise had _ _ success, but eventually _ _.

short term; broke down

25

What were the 3 parts of the Missouri Compromise?

ME= free
MO = slave
36 degrees 30'

26

Who warned of the Missouri Compromises affects?

Thomas Jefferson

27

What was the MO compromise later overturned by?

KS-NB Act

28

What did the KS-NB act lead to?

Bleeding Kansas

29

What was the cause of increased tensions and debates over national goals, priorities, and strategies?

Slavery expanding to the Southwest