Flashcards in APUSH 5.1 Deck (37):
The United States became more connected with the world as it pursued what?
expansionist foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere
emerged as the destination for many migrants from other countries
Enthusiasm for US territorial expansion fueled by econmonic and national security interests and supported by claims of US racial and cultural superiorities, resulted in what?
opening of new markets
acquision of new territory
icreased ideology conflicts
What was Manifest Destiny?
belief that it was America's God given right to expand westward
What did Manifest Destiny and political debates increase in the US?
power in the Western Hemisphere
What did Manifest Destiny and political debates help promote?
nationalism and belief of superiority
What shaped the era's political debates? (Election of 1844 - Texas)
What were the impacts of the Mexican American War?
Debates over slavery
COmpromise of 1850 deermined how newly aquired land would enter the union
What did the debates over slavery cause?
Free Soil Party
How would newly acquired lands ender the union after the Compromise of 1850?
What were the impacts of westward expansion?
New economic activities
Increased settlement especially on former native land
What resulted in the envirormental transformation?
1870s decrease of buffalo
Removing grass to plant led to erosion of soil
What were some new ecomic activities?
railroad construction, cities built around railroads
Mining (Comstock Lode - silver settlements built around resources)
Where did US want to expand trade to?
beyond its borders, especially Asia
What were the economic initiatives to US wanting to expand trade?
Clipper ships-faster travel
WHat were the diplomatic initiatives to US wanting to expand trade?
Opening of Japan (1850s)
What were the cultural inititatives to US wanting to expand trade?
Missionaries in China helped spread Christianity
What reshaped North American boundaries and caused conflicts over Ameican cultural idenities, citizenship, and the quesiton of extending and protecting rights for various groups of US inhabitants?
migration to and within the US
the end of slavery
What was Old Immigration?
Irish and German from Northern and Western Europe
Immigrants settled in communities together and kept what?
their religion, languages, customs
Where did the Irish tend to settle?
in cities in the Northeast
What religion was Irish?
Irish would work for lower wages but who did that anger?
American born workers
Where did German's settle?
Whats another name for Catholic Schools?
What were the impacts of immigration?
Know Nothing Party
Americans resented the Irish and German because they tended to vote Democrtic
What is nativism?
dislike/hatred foreigners, sought to stop immigration
What was the Know Nothing Party?
popular political party, anti-immigration and anti-catholic
Who had new economic oppurtunites and religious refuge out west?
What are some oppurtunites or examples of new economic oppertunities and religous refuge out west?
Gold rush (cities grew in population overnight)
Mormons sought refuge in Utah
Cattle ranching in the Dakotas
What did the federal government (during/post Civil War) helped promote what?
What act had 160 acres of land would be given for a small fee to anyone that moved west?
Homestead Act 1862
State and federal governments often game _ to railroad companies to build.
subsidies (money and land)
US expansion led to conflict with _ and _ (those living on lands formally belonging to Mexico), often changing their ways of life
Natives and Hispanics
What event was when CO militia attacked Cheyenne Indians, killed over 100, mostly women and children?
Sand Creek Massacre (November 29, 1864)
What event was when Natives attacked and killed Custer and all his men?
Little Big Horn (Custer's last stand)
US sought to assimulate nstives with the expectation of what?
they would adopt white ways