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Flashcards in APUSH 5.1 Deck (37):
1

The United States became more connected with the world as it pursued what?

expansionist foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere
emerged as the destination for many migrants from other countries

2

Enthusiasm for US territorial expansion fueled by econmonic and national security interests and supported by claims of US racial and cultural superiorities, resulted in what?

war
opening of new markets
acquision of new territory
icreased ideology conflicts

3

What was Manifest Destiny?

belief that it was America's God given right to expand westward

4

What did Manifest Destiny and political debates increase in the US?

power in the Western Hemisphere

5

What did Manifest Destiny and political debates help promote?

nationalism and belief of superiority

6

What shaped the era's political debates? (Election of 1844 - Texas)

Manifest Destiny

7

What were the impacts of the Mexican American War?

Debates over slavery
COmpromise of 1850 deermined how newly aquired land would enter the union

8

What did the debates over slavery cause?

WIlmot Proviso
Free Soil Party

9

How would newly acquired lands ender the union after the Compromise of 1850?

popular soverignty

10

What were the impacts of westward expansion?

Enviormental transfformation
New economic activities
Increased settlement especially on former native land

11

What resulted in the envirormental transformation?

1870s decrease of buffalo
Removing grass to plant led to erosion of soil

12

What were some new ecomic activities?

railroad construction, cities built around railroads
Mining (Comstock Lode - silver settlements built around resources)

13

Where did US want to expand trade to?

beyond its borders, especially Asia

14

What were the economic initiatives to US wanting to expand trade?

Clipper ships-faster travel

15

WHat were the diplomatic initiatives to US wanting to expand trade?

Matthew Perry
Opening of Japan (1850s)

16

What were the cultural inititatives to US wanting to expand trade?

Missionaries in China helped spread Christianity

17

What reshaped North American boundaries and caused conflicts over Ameican cultural idenities, citizenship, and the quesiton of extending and protecting rights for various groups of US inhabitants?

Westward expansion
migration to and within the US
the end of slavery

18

What was Old Immigration?

Irish and German from Northern and Western Europe

19

Immigrants settled in communities together and kept what?

their religion, languages, customs

20

Where did the Irish tend to settle?

in cities in the Northeast

21

What religion was Irish?

Catholic

22

Irish would work for lower wages but who did that anger?

American born workers

23

Where did German's settle?

frontier

24

Whats another name for Catholic Schools?

Parochial

25

What were the impacts of immigration?

Nativism
Know Nothing Party
Americans resented the Irish and German because they tended to vote Democrtic

26

What is nativism?

dislike/hatred foreigners, sought to stop immigration

27

What was the Know Nothing Party?

popular political party, anti-immigration and anti-catholic

28

Who had new economic oppurtunites and religious refuge out west?

Asians
American Africans
whites

29

What are some oppurtunites or examples of new economic oppertunities and religous refuge out west?

Gold rush (cities grew in population overnight)
Mormons sought refuge in Utah
Cattle ranching in the Dakotas

30

What did the federal government (during/post Civil War) helped promote what?

economic development
westward expansion

31

What act had 160 acres of land would be given for a small fee to anyone that moved west?

Homestead Act 1862

32

State and federal governments often game _ to railroad companies to build.

subsidies (money and land)

33

US expansion led to conflict with _ and _ (those living on lands formally belonging to Mexico), often changing their ways of life

Natives and Hispanics

34

What event was when CO militia attacked Cheyenne Indians, killed over 100, mostly women and children?

Sand Creek Massacre (November 29, 1864)

35

What event was when Natives attacked and killed Custer and all his men?

Little Big Horn (Custer's last stand)

36

US sought to assimulate nstives with the expectation of what?

they would adopt white ways

37

Who was Mariana Vallejo?

Mexican born, helped the transformation of CA from Mexico to US