First 1/2 of Civil War Flashcards Preview

APUSH > First 1/2 of Civil War > Flashcards

Flashcards in First 1/2 of Civil War Deck (49):
1

After 7 states seceded, who did the people think wasnt up for the job of president?

Lincoln

2

What was Lincoln's thoughts on slavery?

morally opposed to slavery and did not interfere where it was legal

3

What did Lincoln affirm authority over?

All US territories in states that had seceded from the union

4

What was Fort Sumter background?

In SC
it was low on supplies
Lincoln sent an unarmed ship with food to the fort

5

When the battle of Fort Sumter happen?

April 21, 1861

6

What happened at the battle of fort sumter?

Confederates attacked
Lincoln requested 75,000 volunteers to supress rebellion
VI,NC,TN,AK seceded

7

What were the newly seceded states responses to secession?

Some in VI opposed it
People in western counties of VI chose new govener and applied for statehood in the north
Debate was strong in TN

8

Who made up the Confederate States?

SC, Mississippi, FL, AL, GE, Louisianna, TX, VI, NC, TN, AK

9

What were the border states?

states that had slaves but remained loyal to the union

10

Who made up the border states?

Delaware, Maryland, KY, MO, West Virginia

11

The border states were occupied after what?

Confrontation in Baltimore

12

What did Lincoln suspend in Border States?

Writ of habeas corpus

13

What was writ of habeas corpus?

Confederates could be jailed without charges, indefinitely

14

What was Union initial strategies?

Anocanda Plan
Blockade in southern ports
Capture Mississippi River

15

What was the order in southern society?

Great Planters (1% of pop, 20+ slaves)
Small farmers (35-45% of pop, 0-5 slaves; most common)
Landless whites (20-25% pop)
Slaves (35% pop)

16

Where did the South trade cotton to?

Europe

17

What percentage of British raw cotton came from the south?

75

18

By 1860, what percent of all US exports were cotton?

57.5

19

How did the South gamble?

They thought Britain would intervene

20

Why did king cotton fail?

British factories had surplus of raw cotton
Cotton was imported from Egypt and India
Emancipation Proclamation = war to free slaves

21

When was Bull Run/ Manassas?

June 1861

22

What was another name for the Battle of Bull Run?

Manassas

23

Who led the south and north in Bull Run?

McDowell = union
Beauregard = Confederates

24

Which force was initially successful at Bull Run?

Union

25

What was the turning point of Bull Run?

Confederate reinforcements led by Stonewall Jackson arrived ad routed Union troops

26

What were the impacts of Bull Run?

Union troops were determined to never be humiliated again
Boosted confidence in south

27

In the early war, who did Lincoln replace McDowel with?

McClellnwho created the Army of Potomac

28

What did McClellan transform unorganized troops to?

disciplined army

29

Was the union cautious during the fighting in the East?

yes

30

When and where was Shiloh?

April 1862; TN

31

Who led Union forces?

Ulysses S Grant

32

What did the Confederates stage at Shiloh?

Surprise attack

33

Who won Shiloh?

Confederates were successful until Union reinforcements arrived

34

About many causualities were at Shiloh?

23,000

35

What was the other name for Antietam?

Sharpsburg

36

Whos troops invaded Maryland in Antietam?

Lee

37

Why did Lee start Antietam?

Supplies were needed
Hope for European recognition of south

38

Who won Antietam?

Tactically a draw; North won strategicly

39

What was the bloodies single day of fighting in the war? 24,000

Antietam

40

What was the impact of Antietam?

Diplomatic victory
Lincoln reconsidered his views of the war and slavery
Drafted a proclamation to free slaves, but waited for a union victory

41

When was the Emancipation Proclamation effective?

1/1/1863

42

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

Freed slaves in states rebelling against the union
Did not free states loyal to the union
Transformed war aims toward slavery

43

Lincoln maintained support of border states; yet it pushed them closer to what?

emancipation

44

When and where was Gettysburg?

July 1863; Pennsylavania

45

Who invadd the north to start Gettysburg?

Lee

46

Who lead the union troops at Gettysburg?

Meade

47

What did the Union troops defend?

Cemetary Ridge

48

What was the bloodiest engagement of war?

Gettysburg; 50,000 deaths

49

Who attacked union center on July 3?

Pickett