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Flashcards in Period 9 Vocab Deck (28):

War in the this region triggered by Iraq's invvasion of Kuwait. An international coalition led by teh US defeated Iraqi forces and liberated Kuwait from Iraqui control.

Persian Gulf War 1991


Agreement signed in Dayton, Ohio, by three rival ethnic groups in BOsnia pledged to end a four year old civil war

Dayton Agreement 1995


NATO bombings of Yugoslavia led to the withdrawl of Yugoslav forces from Kosovo and put an end to the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s.

Bombing of Yugoslavia


Terrorist network established by Saudi Osama bin Laden in 1989 that organizes militant Islamic groups that seek to remove foreigners from Islamic holy land and to unite all Islamic lnds

Al Qauda


Organization of Muslim fundamentalists that gained control over Afganistan in 1996 after the Soviet Union withdrew, established a strict Islamic Governemtn



Attacks on the World Trae Center in NYC and the Pentagon in DC that killed 3000 people and started the US War on Terrorism

Attacks of September 11 2001


Law that reduced constraints on the Justice Department and other law enforcement agencies in dealing with individuals who were suspected of being linked to teerrorists

Patriot Act 2001


Cabinet level department created after the attacks of 9/11 to protect hte US and its territories from to terrorist attacks, man made accidents, and natual disasters

Department of Homeland Security 2001


After the terrorst attacks of 9/11 2001, NATO forces led by the US entered Afganistan to dismantle al Qaeda and eliminate its safe haven by memoving the Tailiba from power

War in Afganistan 2001


Invasion of Iraq led by the uS followed by a longer phase of fighting in which an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and a newly formed Iraqi govt

Iraq War 2003-11


Description for the Northeastern sttes that have experienced economic decline, population loss, and urban decay due to the loss of industry

Rust Belt


Agreement between the US, Canada, and Mexico that elimitated most tariffs and other trade barriers

North American Free Trade Agreement 1993


A centrist approach to governance advocated by Bill Clinton that sought to achieve liberal objectives (equal opportunity and making work pay) through conservative mesans (minimal govt regualtin and govt support of business)

The third Way


Although a law reforming the health care system was rejected under Presidnet Clinton, a law establishing near univeral health care coverage was passed under Obama

Affordable Care Act 2010


The management and processing of information with computers and other forms of telecommunications. Created an economic boom in the 1990s, provididng the US with the longest period of economic expansion in its history.

Information technology


UN agreement to reduce emission rates of CO2 and other industrial produced gases linked to climate change

Kyoto Agreement 1997


The gradual warming of the surface of the Earth that could case major ecological changes

global warming


Law that prohibited the hiring of undocumented foreigners. Offered amnesty and legal residet to immigrants who could prove they had entereed the US before 1982

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986


Law that reformed the Immigration Act of 1965, increasing the number of immigrants allowed annually into the US. The law gave preference to skilled workers and those with families already living in the US

Immigraiton Act of 1990


The coexistance of many cultures in the US without any one culture dominatiing a locality or region. The idea of cultural pluralism seeks to reduce racism,, sexism, and other forms of discrimination

Cultural pluralism


Term used to describe the barrier within in company that prevents women or minorities from rising to upper level postions

glass ceiling


Policy prohibiting military personnel from discriminating against or harassing closeted homosexual or bisexual service members or applicants while barring openly gay persons from military services

Dont Ask, Dont tell 1994


Federal law that defined marriage as a legal contract between a man and a women

Defense of Marriage Act 1996


First woman to become Speaker of the House of Representatives

Nancy Pelosi 2007


First black person to become president of the US

Barack Obama 2009


The Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional for the federa l govt to deny federal benifits of marriage to marriied smae sex couples, if it is recognzed or performed in a state that allows same sex marriage

United States v Windsor 2013


Nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that have the potential to kill large numbers of people. The US invaded Iraq in 2003 saying that Iraq had these. They weere never found

Weapons of mass destruction


Rapidly growing city that remains essentially suburban in character even as it reaches populations more typical of a large city