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Flashcards in WWII on the Homefront Deck (75):
1

Wo used capatilism and wealth to sell the war effort to the Amercian people?

Secretary of Treasury Henry Morgen

2

What was the increase in AA pop in Seatle?

4,000-40,000

3

OMW?

necessity of incresed production required govt interaction with and directin of industrial production

4

How many JA served in the military and on what team?

18,000
442 combat team

5

What was the first solution for paying the war?

Money was borrowed

6

What happened when racial tensions developed in the country?

Race riots took plae
Detroit had the largest killing 25 blacks and 9 whites in 1943

7

What was the US case to stop internment camps?

Korematsu v US

8

While war expanded oppurtunities for most, what were blacks expected to do?

fill service roles in the war effort

9

What was Hitler's final solution?

6 milion Jews dead
Several mill other holocaust victims

10

How much did Congress each surviving internee in 1988?

$20,000

11

How many NA served in the armed forces?

25,000

12

What were women still responsible for?

traditional chores

13

Who depended on Bracerolaboreres?

farmers

14

What was the cost of WWII per day?

$250 mill

15

By the millions, American citizens supported the war effort by doing what?

rationing their concumption of vital goods
new spending habits, pocket books, women baseball, new music, movies

16

AAlthough rtioning and conservatoin helped, how did the govt need to get millions from?

borrowing

17

What were volunteer activites?

air raid wardens
collection drives were organized to recycle many different goods
children served as tin can colonels or uncle sam's scrappers

18

Zoot Suit Riots (1943)?

Several thousand off duty Mexican American soldiers and sailors joined by hundred white civilians rampaged through downtown Los Angeles assulting Hispanics, blacks, and Filipino

19

How did many show their support for the war?

Buying war bonds

20

Office of Censorship?

designed to promote patrotism and influene public opinion
eamined letters going overseas
causualty figures from pearl harbor were not initially reported
photos of american war dead prohibited for a while
Later the media was encouraged to publicize accounts of Japanese autrocities vs US

21

What was Executive Order 9066?

110,000 JA were relocated into internment camps
2/3 were US citizens
Most camps were in the remote parts of the west

22

What did the Revenue Act show the growth of?

govt power in war time

23

How did the automobile industry mobilize?

Chrysler:tanks (50,000 tanks)
Ford: Jeeps and planes (288,000 jeeps and one plane was created in 63 minutes)

24

What happened to wages for all workers?

at least doubed during the war

25

What was the OPA slogan?

Use it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without

26

Rosie the Riveter?1

Iconic image of woman dressed in overalls who became the symbol women in the male workforce launched by the govt

27

What were some jobs that women had?

shipbuilders
welders
airplane manufacturer

28

What was the Bracero program?

Increased employment for Mexican Americans farm workers

29

What was the Supreme Court case that got rid of internment camps?

Korematsu v US

30

What was the divorces in 1940 and 1944?

16 divorces/ 100 marriges
27 divorces/100 marriges

31

What was the US debt in 1945?

247 bill
half came from citizens

32

What happened in regard to children?

Highschool enrollment dropped
juvenille deliquency increased

33

John Keynes?

deficit spending
war bonds, bank loans, private investors

34

What were many new women workers?

married

35

Office of Price Administration?

OPA
in charge of rationing and was empowere to establish price controls to counteract the war time inflation

36

Who were used as Code Talkers?

Navajo

37

What did FDR do with Randolph's march?

Set up Fair Employment Practices Commisson to halt inequality

38

How many people were in the armed forces in 1941 and 1945?

1.6 million
15 mill men and 350,000 women

39

What happened to marragies, divorce, and birthrate?

increased

40

What was the Revenue Act?

Instituted witholding taxes
Tax rates for all was increased
The national govt generated 20 times the tax revenue in 1945 than it had in 1940

41

War Productions Board?

WBA
produced more military goods than Germany, Italy, Japan combined
Conversio of economy from civilian to military suplies

42

To foster industrial production, who realized tha industry must be allowed to make a profit on the production of war material?

Secretary of War Henry Stimson

43

What did the Revenue Act do?

increased the numer of Americans paying taxes

44

OPA?

limitation on consumer goods became necessary as production was geared toward military needs

45

How was unemployment?

very low

46

What did the Wildcat strikes influence?

Smith Connally Act
limited strikes

47

Where did many NA leave to work at defense plants?

reservations

48

While fighting for democracy overseas, many black activists advocated what?

increased democracy and racial equality at home
Double V campain

49

Why did some AA leave the south?

hoped to leave discrimination and Jim Crow laws

50

What expectations were women put on?

wives
mothers
sex objects

51

What is Executive ORder 8802?

Prohibited race discrimination in the defense industry

52

How many blacks left the south to go to the north for war industries?

700,000

53

What did the average wages increase to each year?

$457 to $1976

54

War production caused employment oppurtunities to expand. What did this end?

GD

55

Who issued a formal apolgy to internment victims in 1982?

Govt Comission

56

How many tanks did the Michigan plant m;ake?

22,000
Germany had 25,000 total

57

American Civil Labor Union?

Tries to get the liberties back from the 9066
Tries to get liberties back when they are infringed on

58

What put question to American values?

internment of Japanese
challenges to civil liberties
debtes over race and segregation
the decision to drop the A bomb

59

Between 1941-1945, how many women joined the workforce?

over 6 mill

60

What did the Opa create?

rationbooks
each family had one
items that were rationed were: sugar, cheese, coffee, rubber, gasoline
National speed limit was 35 mph

61

What program did the US negotiate in 1942 for Hispanics?

Braceroprogram

62

What were Wildcat Strikes?

protest low pay and shortage of vital goods for domestic economy

63

What was teh second solution for paying the wa?

Revenue Act 1942

64

Who ran the WBA?

Don Nelson
former head of Sears and Roebuck

65

What ended the GD and helped minorities and women improve their social positions?

Mass mobilization of American society to supply troops for the war efforts and have a workforce on the homefront

66

Congress of Racial Equality (1942)?

Created Civil Rights Organization during WWII that comitted itself to using nonviolent techniues to end racial segregation

67

How many AA served in teh armed forces in segregated units?

million

68

Following the attacks of Pearl Harbor, who did many americans blame?

JA

69

A Philip Randolf?

Blck leader who organized a march on DC in 1941 to pressure FDR to issue an executive order to ban discrimination industries
Executive Order 8802

70

What was the increase in AA pop in Detroit?

Increased by 50,000

71

Why were workers getting little while industrilists were getting rich?

price nd wage fixing of OPA

72

What happened to the states?

Industry states grew as agri states population decreased

73

How did the US contribute to WWII?

victories over fascism
new opurtunities for women and minorities

74

What was the US debt in 1941?

48 bill

75

Japanese American Internment (1942)?

Executive Order 9066
FDR autoritzed the removal of enemy aliends from miitary areas
Over 110,000 JA living in western US were moved to nternment camps, except Hawaii