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Flashcards in Period 8 Vocab Deck (46):
1

Americans with Disabilities Act

protects people with disablities, that qualifies for employment, and provides accomidatins in public places, restrooms, and public transportaion

2

Nixon Doctrine

US would not give extensive manpower to other Asian wars, but would still give economic military aid to the victims of the agressors
The US would carry out their current treaty agreements

3

New Conservationism

decrease the size of the govt, lower taxes, and reform social welfare programs
They helped Republicans win 3 straight elections from 1980-88

4

Beatniks

conformity upset writers

5

Reaganomics

supported wealthy businesses so that the wealth would trickle down to the all classes

6

Tet Offensive

massive thrust southward by the Communists in the north
US pushed back the attack but it hurt morale and increased communism support in Vietnam

7

Military Industrial Complex

Money relations between legislator, Pentagon, and industry
Eisenhower warned of this becuse the web of money, weapons, and the people who make foreign policies can led tocorruption
Protect oil interests in the middle east

8

Equal Rights Amendment

It was first proposed in 1923 for equal rights for women under the law passed by House and Senete in 1972
States never ratified it and it expired in 1982

9

Atlantic Charter

CHurchill and FDR agreed to stabalize the world with peace after WWII

10

War Powers Act

President cannot use extensive overseas force without the concent of the Congress

11

Cuban Missle Crisis

2 weeks into Oct and after Bay of Pigs
Soviets moved missles to Cuba to blow up US
Kennedy's solution was blockade Cuba with naval ships and threatened force to Khrushchev
Khrushchev agreed as long as there was no fighting and moved the missles to Turkey

12

Department of Homeland Security

War on Terror created it
Keeps americans safe from terriorist attacks

13

Silent Spring

Rachel Carson wrote it
Launched an enviormental movement that led to a certain ban of pesticides

14

U2

Spyplane that was shot out in Soviets
US denied that it was flying in Soviet border
Francis Power ws the pilot and was held captive
Increased suspisions amongst nations

15

NAFTA

lifted certain tariffs between US, Canada, and Mexico

16

Star Wars

Strategic Defense Initiative was an elobrate technological endevor that looked to zap satalettes out of the sky
Sounded like sci fi

17

Sputnik

Soviets successful first satalitte
Made america nervous about inferiority
America increasedspending on education and science

18

Nixon's Ping Pong diplomacy

brought peacful relations to China
brought friendly competition but not hostility
Beginning of Chinas industrial boom

19

Domino Theory

If one nation fell to communism in China, the rest of the countries would fall, like dominos
It was important to stop the first country from being communist

20

Little Rock Nine

Media of the country went crazy when 9 students in Little Rock AK were met with mobs and protestors
Govener Faubus called in the AK guard, but Eisenhower had the final say as Commander in Chief and Enforcer of Laws

21

Iran Hostage Crisis

Held AMeicans for 444 days
Decreased American moral
Resues failed and they were released on Reagans ignogeration day

22

Bay of Pigs

Castro v Cuban Exiles and US
Castro won
This strengthened Castro and he became the Soviets biggest ally

23

Berlin Airlift

US and UK sent 277,000 flights of supplies to the people in Germany

24

Camp David Accords

Egypt agreed to reonize Isreal as a nation in exchange for Isreal returning the Sinai Peninsula

25

Truman Doctrine

Gave military aid (no troops) to counties resisting communism
Greeece and Turkey took advantage of it

26

Stagflation

high inflation, slow growth, high unemployment

27

Containment

Opposite of appeasement or giving into what the agressor wants

28

Rosenbergs

Accused of selling nuclear secrets to Soviets
First civilians executed for treason

29

Christian Right

Created in reaciton to Liberal social issues
it was a strong conservationism voice to show the importance of religious teachings and place greater importance to family values

30

Counterculture?

Preached peace and love and anti war and military draft

31

Taft-Hartley Act

hurt unions badly because certain types of unions were prohibited
prohibited closed shops (one had to be in a certain industry to work in the industry)

32

United Nations

international peace keeping organization
US, Soviet, France, UK, and China were permenat veto power
Grew out of Atlantic Charter
Assemble peacekeeping troops

33

NATO

supported democracy

34

Warsaw Pact

Communist Bloc

35

War on Terror

Bush led these military efforts to remove the taliban from power in Afganistan

36

Civil Rights Act 1964

Ended all forms of segregation and discrimination

37

G.I. Bill,

Gave WWII vetrans free college, vocational training, and good loans on homes and business ventures

38

Gulf of Tonkin

In Vietnam
US ships were fired on
Congress let Johnson have control of military in Vietnam
This led to large escalations of American forces

39

Cesar Chaves

From 1960s to 1980s he was apart of United Farm Workers called for boycotts to help farm laborers get better pay and safer working conditions industries (especially in grape and lettace industry)

40

Marshall Plan,

give economic aid to countries that are not communist
Was to make countries strongers to oppose communist power
Used $12.5 billion to European countries

41

Stonewall Riots

Strengthened gay rights movement
bar in Greenwich Village NY
Police raided the bar and gays resisted arrest
Became a magnet for protest and gay pride started up

42

George Wallace

Pro segregation govener of AL
Personally tried to get black students to not go to class at University of AL (unsuccessful)
Ran for president 4 times (3 as democrat and 1 as far right)

43

Watergate

There was a break in at the Democrat headquarters in the Water gate hotel
Nixon claimed he knew nothing about it, but tapes said otherwise
In US v Nixion they ordered him to give up the tapes
After vice president Agnew resigned after income tax invasion, so did Nixon to avoid impeachment

44

McCarthyism

witch hunt to sniff out communists both in govt and america
Simular to the first red scare

45

detente

1970s
more peaceful
Nixon and Soviet leader Brezhnev smiled together
Strategic Arms limitation talks: limited the amount of nuclear weapons they had in their arsonal

46

Great Society

plan to help poor, minorities, and disadvantaged