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Flashcards in APUSH 3.3 Deck (40):
1

Migration within North America, cooperative interation, and competition for resources raised questions about what?

Boundaries and policies
intensified conflicts among people and nations
Led to contests of the creation of multiracial national idenity

2

As migrants steamed westward from the British colonies along the Atlantic seaboard, interactions among different groups that would continue under an independent US resulted in what?

Resources
shifting alliances
cultural blending

3

After the French lost the 7 years war, what arose and continured throughout the late 18th century?

White Indian conflicts

4

Where were the Paxton Boys located?

Pennsylvania

5

Who were the Paxton Boys?

Scots-Irish group that was upset with Pennsylvania's leniency toward Natives

6

What did the Paxton boys do?

Murdered 20 Natives then marched to Philadelphia with demands

7

Who helped resolved the march by promising to consider their issues?

Ben Franklin

8

When and where was the battle of Fallen Timbers?

1794; Ohio

9

What was the battle of Fallen Timbers?

Natives, led by Little Turtle, defeated Americans
Killed 630 Americans

10

What treaty did the Indians sign after their defeat in 1794?

Treaty of Greenville

11

What was the impact of the battle of Fallen Timbers?

Natives ceded a lot of land
Were allowed to keep some land but it was later encroached

12

Due to migration within North America, what emerged around the world?

backcountry culture

13

What did back country cultures fuel?

social and ethnic tensions

14

What was the impact of back country culture?

Scots-Irish
Shay's Rebellion

15

Where did Scots-Irish settle?

Frontier (edge of settlements)
Settled on land without regard to ownership (government, natives)

16

What rebellion was a rebellion of farmers that demanded an end of foreclosures, imprisionment for debts, and paper currency? (closed courts)

Shay's Rebellion

17

Scots-Irish and Shay's rebellion illustrated tensions between what groups?

poor (back country) and wealthy (interior)

18

Where did Spain expand settlements in the 1760s?

California

19

What was created when Spain moved to California?

Missions (forts)
trade expanded

20

What happened to Natvies when Spain moved to California?

died from disease
forced to convert to Christianity

21

The policies of the US that encouraged western migration and the orderly incorporation of new territories into the nation both expanded what?

Repulican institutions
intensified conflicts among American Indians and Europeans along the Appalachian West

22

What was the Northwest Land Ordinance 1787?

Created a process to admit new states (60,000 pop)
Guaranteed freedom of religion and trial by jury (before Bill of Right)
Slavery was abolished (Civil War starter)
A portion of land sales went to fund education

23

Why were Natives not well defined in legal standings?

Native were not foreign nations; did not have representation in government
No mention of Indians and land in Constitution (would later lead to encroachment and conflicting treaties)

24

What treaty helped settle conlict between US and Britain (British were attacking US ships, still had presence in key ports)?

Jay's treaty

25

What treaty was where Spain, fearing a British-US alliance, signed it. (US could navigate the Mississippi, given right to of deposit in New Orleans, Florida boundry was fixed where US wanted it)?

Pinckney's Treaty

26

What challenged tendencies to cling to regional idenities, contributing to the emergance of a distinctly American cultural expressions?

New voices for national idenity

27

What were the reasons for political parties?

Economic
Political
Foreign policies

28

What were regional differences in political parties?

Urban, wealthy upper class tended to be Federalists (merchants/trading)
Rural farmers, middle to low class tended to be Democratic Republican

29

Jefferson believed that farmers were _ of the economy.

Backbone

30

What economic policies did the political groups believe in?

Federalists: Hamiltons Financial Plan; BUS
D/R: were wary of it

31

Did Federalists want a strong central government?

yes

32

Who did each politcal party favor in foreign policy?

Federalists: Britain (trade)
D/R: France (French Rev was an etension of American Rev)

33

What became a staple crop of the south?

Cotton

34

What was the impact of cotton exhausting lands?

Plantations moved west

35

What did many Southerners see cotton as?

neccssary evil but then positive good

36

Cotton becomes _

king

37

Who created the cotton gin?

Eli Whitning

38

When did the Republican motherhood emerge?

during and after Rev war

39

What was the Republican motherhood?

It was the duty of mothers to raise good citizens
Women became a leading teacher of their children of values and citizenry

40

What was a result of the Republican motherhood

women gained more access to education