8(5) 基本的概念 場面 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 8(5) 基本的概念 場面 Deck (202):
1

基本的概念

きほんてきがいねん
fundamental idea

2

場面

ばめん
setting, scene (e.g. of a novel)

3

(選挙への)出馬を表明する

(せんきょへの)しゅつばをひょうめいする
to announce one's candidacy for an election

4

(感情の)表出を抑える

(かんじょうの)ひょうしゅつをおさえる
to restrain one's emotions

5

(仕事が)山場を抑える

(しごとが)やまばおむかえる
the work comes to the most important stage

6

途中でやめる

とちゅうでやめる
to stop mid-way

7

中途半端に終わる

ちゅうとはんぱにおわる
to end up in the air

8

(組合の)結成を呼びかける

(くみあいの)けっせいをよびかける
to call for forming a union

9

(計画の)樹立を目指す

(けいかくの)じゅりつをめざす
to aim at setting up a plan

10

静止画像を受信する

せいしがぞうをじゅしんする
to receive a still image

11

連続のドラマを楽しむ

れんぞくのドラマをたのしむ
to enjoy a serial drama

12

断続の痛みが襲う

だんぞくのいたみがおそう
a continual pain grips someone

13

現行の制度

げんこうのせいど
the present system

14

(発展の)途上にある

(はってんの)とじょうにある
to be on the way to development

15

有効期間が満了する

ゆうこうきかんがまんりょうする
the period of validity is expired

16

(採用の)見送りが続く

(さいようの)みおくりがつづく
to continue no new hiring

17

(解決の)糸口を見つける

(かいけつの)いとぐちをみつける
to find a clue to a solution

18

出る

でる
(intrans.) to leave, to exit, to go out

19

出す

だす
(trans.) to take out, to get out

20

出現

しゅつげん
appearance, arrival, to make one's appearance

21

出発

しゅつはつ
departure

22

出馬

しゅつば
running (for election), coming forward as a candidate

23

出場

しゅつじょう
(stage) appearance, performance

24

出願

しゅつがん
application

25

脱出

だっしゅつ
escape, break-out

26

表出

ひょうしゅつ
expression, presentation

27

産出

さんしゅつ
yield, produce

28

検出

けんしゅつ
detection, sense (e.g. sensor)

29

山場

やまば
climax, turning point

30

見せ場

みせば
highlight scene (of play)

31

土壇場

どたんば
last moment, eleventh hour

32

正念場

しょうねんば
critical moment, do or die situation

33

修羅場

しゅらば
fighting scene, scene of carnage

34

長丁場

ながちょうば
long (stretch of) distance

35

最中

さいちゅう
in the middle of, in the height of, in the course of

36

道中

どうちゅう
along the way, journey

37

日中

にっちゅう
daytime, during the day

38

暑中

しょちゅう
mid-summer

39

暑中見舞い

しょちゅうみまい
summer greeting card

40

寒中

かんちゅう
mid-winter, cold season

41

喪中

もちゅう
mourning

42

準備中

じゅんびちゅう
in preparation

43

手配中

てはいちゅう
in preparation, making arrangements

44

途中

とちゅう
on the way, en route

45

中途半端

ちゅうとはんぱ
halfway, incomplete, unfinished

46

中程

なかほど
(about) middle, midway

47

成る

なる
(intrans.) to become, to get, to reach, to attain

48

成立

せいりつ
coming into existence, establishment

49

生成

せいせい
creation, generation, formation

50

形成

けいせい
formation, molding, taking form

51

結成

けっせい
formation, combination

52

構成

こうせい
organization, configuration

53

完成

かんせい
complete, completion

54

作成

さくせい
drawing up (e.g. legal document), preparing, writing, framing, producing

55

立つ

たつ
(intrans.) to stand, to rise, to stand up

56

立てる

たてる
(trans.) to stand up, to put up, to set up

57

設立

せつりつ
establishment, founding, incorporation

58

創立

そうりつ
establishment, founding, organization

59

樹立

じゅりつ
establish, create

60

確立

かくりつ
establishment, settlement

61

独立

どくりつ
independence, self-support

62

対立

たいりつ
confrontation, opposition

63

孤立

こりつ
isolation, being alone

64

立案

りつあん
draft, (rough) design

65

立憲

りっけん
constitutionalism

66

止まる

とまる
(intrans.) to stop (moving), to come to a stop

67

止める

とめる
(trans.) to stop, to turn off

68

停止

ていし
suspension, interruption, standstill, deadlock

69

廃止

はいし
abolition, repeal

70

制止

せいし
control, check, restraint

71

中止

ちゅうし
suspension

72

休止

きゅうし
pause, cessation, rest

73

小休止

しょうきゅうし
short break, breather

74

静止

せいし
stillness, repose, standing still

75

静止画像

せいしがぞう
background image, static image

76

続く

つづく
(intrans.) to continue, to go on

77

続ける

つづける
(trans.) to continue, to keep up, to keep on

78

継続

けいぞく
continuation

79

持続

じぞく
continuation

80

連続

れんぞく
serial, consecutive, occurring in succession

81

存続

そんぞく
duration, continuance

82

断続

だんぞく
intermittent

83

後続

こうぞく
succeeding, following, trailing

84

続出

ぞくしゅつ
appearance one after another

85

続発

ぞくはつ
coming about, happening, occurring

86

続行

ぞっこう
continuation, continuance, going on, resuming

87

登場

とうじょう
entry (on stage), appearance (on screen)
introduction (into a market)

88

参上

さんじょう
calling on, visiting

89

実現

じつげん
implementation (e.g. of a system), materialization, realization

90

提案

ていあん
proposal, suggestion

91

提言

ていげん
proposal, recommendation

92

提示

ていじ
presentation, exhibit, citation

93

生産

せいさん
production, manufacture

94

決行

けっこう
doing (with resolve), carrying out (i.e. a plan)

95

着手

ちゃくしゅ
to start work (on), to undertake

96

着工

ちゃっこう
start of (construction) work

97

披露

ひろう
announcement, presentation, demonstration

98

暴露

ばくろ
disclosure, exposure, revelation

99

復活

ふっかつ
revival (e.g. musical), comeback

100

復興

ふっこう
revival, renaissance, reconstruction, restoration

101

復帰

ふっき
return, comeback, reinstatement

102

兆し

きざし
signs, omen, symptoms

103

当初

とうしょ
at first

104

最初

さいしょ
beginning, outset, first

105

一番

いちばん
best, first, number one

106

原点

げんてん
origin (coordinates), starting point

107

起点

きてん
starting point, origin

108

起源

きげん
origin, beginning, rise

109

根源

こんげん
root, source, origin, foundation

110

糸口

いとぐち
thread end, beginning

111

序の口

じょのくち
this is only the beginning (the real work has yet to begin)

112

振り出し

ふりだし
starting point, beginning, outset

113

冒頭

ぼうとう
beginning, start, outset

114

現行

げんこう
present, current, in operation

115

現行犯

げんこうはん
caught red handed

116

存在

そんざい
existence, being

117

共存

きょうぞん
coexistence

118

留守

るす
absence, being away from home

119

滞在

たいざい
stay, sojourn

120

居住

きょじゅう
residence

121

居住者

きょじゅうしゃ
resident, inhabitant

122

所属

しょぞく
attached to, belong to, member

123

所有

しょゆう
one's possessions, ownership

124

所持

しょじ
possession, owning

125

携帯

けいたい
something carried (in the hand), handheld, portable

126

重複

ちょうふく
duplication, repetition, overlapping

127

停滞

ていたい
stagnation, tie-up, congestion, retention

128

未熟

みじゅく
inexperience, raw, unskilled, immature

129

追跡

ついせき
pursuit, keeping records on, tracing

130

模索

もさく
groping (for), exploring for a solution

131

誘導

ゆうどう
guidance, leading, induction, introduction

132

直面

ちょくめん
confrontation (to face, to confront)

133

命中

めいちゅう
a hit, hitting something that was aimed at

134

中断

ちゅうだん
interruption, suspension, break

135

見通し

みとおし
unobstructed view, perspective
forecast, outlook, prospect

136

見通す

みとおす
(trans.) to see without obstruction,
to forecast, to predict

137

橋渡し

はしわたし
bridge building, mediation, go-between, intermediary

138

途上

とじょう
en route, half-way, on the road

139

発展途上国

はってんとじょうこく
developing country

140

経過

けいか
passage, expiration, progress

141

創造

そうぞう
creation

142

発足

ほっそく
starting, inauguration. launch

143

表明

ひょうめい
declaration, indication, representation

144

団結

だんけつ
unity, union, combination

145

配置

はいち
arrangement (of resources), deployment, stationing, configuration

146

設置

せっち
establishment, institution, installation (of a machine or equipment)

147

入手

にゅうしゅ
obtaining,, coming to hand

148

受信

じゅしん
reception (e.g. a radio), receipt (e.g. e-mail message)

149

維持

いじ
maintenance, preservation, improvement

150

処分

しょぶん
disposal, dealing (with a problem)

151

破棄

はき
tearing up and discarding (e.g. documents), disposal

152

没収

ぼっしゅう
forfeiture, seizure, confiscation

153

脱退

だったい
secession, retirement, withdrawl (e.g. from a lawsuit)

154

脱却

だっきゃく
ridding oneself, freeing oneself of, growing out of

155

返却

へんきゃく
return of something, repayment

156

消滅

しょうめつ
extinction, disappearance, vanishing

157

破損

はそん
damage

158

崩壊

ほうかい
collapse, crumbling, breaking down

159

解除

かいじょ
cancellation, rescinding, calling off

160

排除

はいじょ
exclusion, removal, rejection, elimination

161

除去

じょきょ
removal, getting rid of

162

除外

じょがい
exception, exclusion

163

省略

しょうりゃく
omission, abbreviation, abridgement

164

滅亡

めつぼう
downfall, ruin, collapse

165

結末

けつまつ
end, conclusion

166

閉鎖

へいさ
closing, closure, shutdown, lockout

167

まく
curtain, act of play

168

終了

しゅうりょう
end, close, termination

169

終点

しゅうてん
terminus, last stop (e.g. train)

170

完了

かんりょう
completion, conclusion

171

満了

まんりょう
expiration, termination

172

使用済み

しようずみ
already finished being used, second hand, no longer used

173

最後

さいご
last, end, conclusion

174

仕上がり

しあがり
finish, end, completion

175

仕立上り

したてあがり
brand new

176

出来上がり

できあがり
finish, completion, ready

177

安上がり

やすあがり
cheap, economical

178

右肩上がり

みぎかたあがり
growing (graph rising to the right), expanding, soaring

179

到達

とうたつ
reaching, attaining, arrival

180

組み合わせ/組み合わせる

くみあわせ/くみあわせる
combination / to join together, to combine

181

取り消し/取り消す

とりけし/とりけす
cancellation, withdrawal / to cancel, to withdraw

182

見送り/見送る

みおくり/みおくる
letting pass, wait and see / to wait and see, to hold off
seeing one off, farewell / to see off (e.g. to the station)

183

名残

なごり
remains, traces, relics

184

国連加盟国

こくれんかめいこく
United Nations member-nation

185

飽きっぽい

あきっぽい
fickle, capricious, soon wearied of

186

満喫

まんきつ
having enough of (food, drink, etc.), having one's fill

187

度重なる

たびかさなる
(intrans.) to repeat, to be frequent

188

懲りる

こりる
(intrans.) to learn by experience, to learn the hard way

189

不景気の煽り

ふけいきのあおり
the influence of the business recession

190

生態系

せいたいけい
ecosystem

191

損なう

そこなう
to harm, to hurt, to injure, to damage

192

求める

もとめる
(trans.) to want, to wish for
to request, to demand

193

陣痛

じんつう
labor pains, birth pains, contraction

194

備える

そなえる
(trans.) to furnish, to provide for
to have ready, to prepare for

195

教員免許

きょういんめんきょ
teacher's license

196

講習

こうしゅう
short course, training

197

受講の義務

じゅこうのぎむ
obligation to take (attend) lectures

198

待遇改善

たいぐうかいぜん
improvement of labor conditions

199

図る

はかる
(trans.) to plot, to plan, to devise, to design

200

配置転換

はいちてんかん
reshuffling, job rotation

201

余儀

よぎ
another method, another problem

202

投げ出す

なげだす
(trans.) to throw down, to throw out
to abandon, to resign