Blood Tracing- Head and Neck Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Blood Tracing- Head and Neck Deck (17):
1

The first artery in the arch of the aorta is the __1___. The next atery is the ___2___ and the third artery is the __3___.

  1. Innominate Artery (Right Brachiocephalic Artery)
  2. Left Common Carotid Artery
  3. Left Subclavian Artery

2

The innominate artery subdivides into the right common carotid and the right subclavian artery. Each of the subclavian arteries have an upward branch, the:

Vertebral Artery

3

The right and left common carotid arteries and the right and left vertebral arteries extend upwards and supply blood to the:

Head and Neck

4

The common carotid arteries (left and right) extend upward along the trachea until they reach the upper border of the thyroid cartilage where they divide into the:

External Carotid Artery and Internal Carotid Artery

5

  1. Supply blood to the neck, face, mouth, jaws and scalp.
  2. Supply blood to the brain, eyes, forehead and nose.

  1. External Carotid Arteries
  2. Internal Carotid Arteries

6

The external carotid artery has several principal branches, as well as a few minor ones. The first principal branch is the ___ ___ __, which supplies blood to the thyroid gland.

Superior Thyroid Artery

7

The second principal branch of the external carotid artery is the ___ ___, the artery which leads towards the tongue.

Lingual Artery

8

The next major branch of the external carotid artery is the ___ ___ ___, the artery which leads towards the face.

External Maxillary Artery (3rd)

9

After the external maxillary artery, the next principal branch of the external carotid artery is the ___ ___, the artery which leads towards the scalp.

Occipital Artery (4th)

10

After the occipital branch, the external carotid artery subdivides into two main branches, the:

Superficial Temporal Artery and Internal Maxillary Artery

11

The branch of the external carotid artery which extends upwards is the ___ ___ ___, the artery which leads towards the face and scalp.

Superficial Temporal Artery

12

The external carotid artery subdivides into two branches, the superficial temporal artery and the ___ ___ ___. The ___ ___ ___ leads towards the deep structures of the face, towards the covering of the brain, and the teeth and jaws.

Internal Maxillary Artery

13

The blood flows through all of these arteries into artioles and capillaries, into venules and finally into two large veins, the:

Posterior Facial Vein and Posterior Auricular Vein

14

The posterior facial vein and posterior auricular vein combine to form the:

External Jugular Vein

15

The external jugular veins empty into the ___ ___, the right external jugular empties into the right and the left external jugular empties into the left.

Subclavian Veins

16

The right and left subclavian veins empty into the:

Right and Left Innominate (Brachiocephalic) Veins

17

The right and left innominate (brachiocephalic) veins combine to form the ____1____, which leads into the ___2____.

  1. Superior Vena Cava
  2. Right Atrium of the Heart

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