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Flashcards in Vocabulary A Deck (93):
1

Nine region plan; by means of four imaginary planes, two of which are horizontal (indicated by lines drawn across the right and left 10' ribs and across the right and left anterior superior iliac spines) and two sagittal (indicated by lines drawn from mid point of inguinal ligament to nipples of the chest, right and left sides). Upper row right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac. Middle row, right lateral, umbilical, left lateral. Lower row- right inguinal, pubic, left inguinal. Four region plan- by means of two imaginary planes, one horizontal and the other mid sagittal. Upper right quadrant, upper left quadrant, lower right quadrant, lower left quadrant.

Abdominal Anatomical Regions

2

Antemortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis.

Abrasion

3

A localized accumulation of pus.

Abscess

4

The process of taking in, as in a colored object which absorbs certain rays of light and reflects other rays giving the object its recognizable color.
E.g., An apple is called red if the red rays are reflected and the other rays in the light are absorbed.

Absorption

5

To touch or contact as with the tarsal please of the closed eyelids.

Abut

6

Group of chemicals used in addition to vascular (arterial) and Cavity embalming fluids; includes but is not limited to hardening compounds, preservative powders, sealing agents, mold preventative agents, and pack application agents.

Accessory chemicals

7

Dimethylketone; a colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs; a solvent for restorative wax, or a stain remover.

Acetone

8

Presents itself after birth.

Acquired

9

A specific group of diseases or conditions which are indicative of severe immunosuppression related to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (MV); persons dead having had AIDS may exhibit conditions such as wasting syndrome, extra pulmonary tuberculosis, and Kaposi's sarcoma.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome/ AIDS

10

These levels are established to ensure adequate protection of employees at exposures below the OSHA limits, but to minimize the compliance burdens for employees have exposures below 8 hour permissible exposure limit (PEL). The AL for formaldehyde is .5 ppm.

Action Level/ AL-Exposures Limits

11

Occurs when the arterial supply to an area of the body is increased.

Active Capillary Congestion

12

Dyes which aid in restoring a life-like surface pigmentation to a body and all stain the body tissue cells.

Active Dyes/ Staining Dyes/ Cosmetic Dyes

13

The pressure which is indicated by the injector gage needle when the arterial tube is open and the arterial solution is flowing into the body.

Actual Pressure

14

A disease with a more or less rapid onset and short duration.

Acute

15

Soft whitish crumbly or greasy material that forms upon the postmortem hydrolysis and hydrogenation of body fats.

Adipocere (Grave Wax)

16

Disease resulting from a deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones, with "bronze" discoloration of the skin and electrolyte imbalances.

Addison's Disease

17

Assimilation of gas, vapor, or dissolved matter by the surface of a solid or liquid.

Adsorption

18

In the presence of free oxygen.

Aerobic

19

Colloidal solution dispensed as a mist.

Aerosol

20

To disperse as an aerosol; minute particles of blood and water become atomized and suspended in air when water under pressure meets the blood drainage or when flushing an uncovered flush sink.

Aerosolization

21

Intravascular: the increase of viscosity of blood brought about by the clumping of particulate formed elements in the blood vessels which is a specific type of congealing.

Agglutination

22

Decrease in body temperature immediately before death.

Agonal Algor

23

A process which is the result of capillary permeability changes, where the bacteria from the intestinal area of the body migrate to the blood vascular system and is spread throughout the body.

Agonal Bacterial Migration

24

In reference to blood, a change from a fluid into a thickened mass.

Agonal Coagulation

25

The loss of moisture from the living body during the agonal state.

Agonal Dehydration

26

Escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location immediately before death.

Agonal Edema

27

An outpouring of lymph into the peritoneal cavity.

Agonal Exudation

28

Increase in body temperature immediately before death.

Agonal Fever

29

An invagination of an upper segment of intestine within a lower segment.

Agonal Intussusception

30

Period immediately before somatic death.

Agonal Period

31

The period immediately preceding or prior to death.

Agonal State

32

A antemortem redistribution of his microflora on a hostwide basis.

Agonal Translocation

33

A specific group of diseases or conditions which are indicative of severe immunosuppression related to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (MV).

AIDS

34

A method of creating injection pressure with air forced under pressure into a fluid chamber that displaces the arterial solution by pushing it into the arterial system of the body.

Air Pressure Apparatus

35

A protein found in blood plasma.

Albumin

36

An abnormally excessive amount of albumin in the urine.

Albuminuria

37

An organic compound containing one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups. The general formula for a monohydroxyl alcohol is R-OH, where R is a hydrocarbon group.

Alcohol

38

An organic compound containing one or more -CHO groups. The general formula is R-CHO, where R is a hydrocarbon group or hydrogen.

Aldehyde

39

Post-mortem cooling of the body to the surrounding temperature.

Algor Mortis

40

A material that can trigger an allergic reaction.

Allergen

41

Method of injection-drainage in which embalming solution is injected and then injection is stopped while drainage is open which is a type of restricted drainage.

Alternate Drainage

42

An organization of professional personnel in governmental agencies or educational institutions who are employed in occupational safety and health programs.

American Congress of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)

43

An organic compound containing nitrogen; any compounds formed from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by organic radicals. The general formula for primary amines is R-NH2.

Amine

44

Building blocks of which proteins are constructed, and the end products of protein digestion or hydrolysis. Their basic formula is NH2-CHR-COOH. An amino group, an alpha carbon, and aliphatic or aromatic radical, and a carboxyl group.

Amino Acid

45

Ammonia is injected hypodermically into the skin and if a reddish reaction occurs the body is still alive. This is a non expert test for death.

Ammonia Injection Test

46

In the absence of free oxygen.

Anaerobic

47

Severe generalized edema.

Anasarca

48

A descriptive reference for locating arteries and veins by means of anatomical structures which are known.

Anatomical Guide

49

Points of origin and points of termination in relation to adjacent structures; used to designate the boundaries of arteries.

Anatomical Limits

50

The body is erect, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs are pointed away from the body.

Anatomical Position

51

A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both.

Anemia

52

Localized abnormal dilation of out pocketing of a blood vessel resulting from a congenital defect or a weakness of the vessel wall.

Aneurysm

53

An embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels.

Aneurysm Hook

54

An embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels, which has an eye in the hook portion of the instrument for placing ligatures around the vessels.

Aneurysm Needle

55

An instrument that is used for cutting bandages and/or clothing off of the deceased.

Angular Bandage Scissors

56

A multipurpose instrument used in the embalming process.

Angular Spring Forceps

57

An embalming instrument which has multiple uses, especially in helping remove blood from veins.

Angular Vein Forceps

58

Deviation from the normal.

Anomalies

59

In front of the elbow/in the end of the elbow.

Antecubital

60

Before death.

Antemortem

61

Toward the front.

Anterior

62

The external openings of the nostril.

Anterior Nares

63

A bony protuberance, that can be palpated topographically, found in the ilium, the superior, broad portion of the hipbone; the origin of the inguinal ligament and the sartorius muscle.

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine

64

Glycoprotein substance developed by the body in response to, and interacting specifically with, an antigen.

Antibody (Immunoglobin)

65

Ingredient of embalming fluids that retards the natural postmortem tendency of blood to become more viscous or prevents reactions between blood and other embalming chemicals.

Anticoagulant Fluid

66

A foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies that react specifically with it.

Antigen

67

A non-toxic disinfectant suitable for the use on animal tissue.

Antiseptic

68

The prevention or inhibiting of the growth of causative microorganisms.

Antisepsis

69

Opening.

Aperture

70

Death brought about by a cessation of respiration or improper functioning of the respiratory apparatus; one of three modes of death described by Bichat.

Apnea

71

Condition in which the manifestations of life are feebly maintained.

Apparent Death

72

A solution in which water is the solvent.

Aqueous Solution

73

Uneven heartbeat.

Arrhythmia

74

The concentrated, preservative, embalming chemical that will be diluted with water to form the arterial solution for injection into the arterial system during vascular embalming. The purpose is for inactivating saprophytic bacteria and rendering the body tissues less susceptible to decomposition.

Arterial (Vascular) Fluid

75

The mixture or arterial (vascular) fluid and water which is used for the arterial injection and may include supplemental fluids.

Arterial Solution

76

A tube used to inject embalming fluid into the body vascular system.

Arterial Tube (Cannula)

77

The term applied to a number of pathological conditions causing a thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries.

Arteriosclerosis

78

An embalming instrument whose purpose is to hold arterial tubes in the arteries.

Artery Fixation Forceps (2 hole or 3 hole clamp)

79

An embalming instrument used for cutting arteries and veins to enable insertion of the arterial tubes into the arteries and drain tubes into the veins.

Artery And Vein Scissors

80

Place of union between two or more bones.

Articulation

81

The movement of blood from the heart and arteries into the capillaries and veins, which occurs at the moment of death.

Articulo-mortis

82

Accumulation of serous fluids in the peritoneal cavity.

Ascites

83

Freedom from infection and from any form of life; sterility.

Asepsis

84

Insufficient intake of oxygen resulting from numerous causes.

Asphyxia (apnea)

85

Withdrawal of gas. fluids, and semi-solids from body cavities and hollow viscera by means of suction with an aspirator and a trocar.

Aspiration

86

Indicates a weakness or feebleness of any organ or function.

Asthenia

87

Fatty degeneration or thickening of the walls of the larger arteries occurring in atherosclerosis.

Atheroma

88

A form of arteriosclerosis marked by the deposition of lipids in the inner later of arterial walls.

Atherosclerosis

89

A wasting, decrease in size of an organ or tissue.

Atrophy

90

Apparatus used for sterilization by steam pressure, usually at 250 F/120 C for a specific time.

Autoclave

91

Self-destruction of cells; decomposition of all tissues by enzymes of their own formation without microbial assistance.

Autolysis

92

The body's own digestive enzymes that are capable of destroying body cells (autolytic decomposition).

Autolytic Enzyme

93

A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition.

Autopsy (Necropsy, Postmortem Examination)

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