Vocab for Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab for Exam 3 Deck (100):
1

Relaxation phase of the heart action, or beat.

Diastole 

2

Decomposition of proteins by enzymes or aerobic bacteria.

Decay

3

A specific antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues.

Lysin

4

Antemortem and/or postmortem settling of blood and/or other fluids to dependent portions of the body.

Hypostasis

5

Positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming solution through the capillary causing passage of embalming fluid from an intravascular to a wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids; extravascular position.

Pressure Filtration

6

A kind of ignis fatuus (glow) supposed to forbode death.

Death Fire

7

To force a fluid though (an organ or tissue), especially by way of the blood vessels; injection during vascular (arterial) embalming.

Perfusion

8

A type of arterial fluid which contains inactive dyes that will not impart a color change upon the body tissues of the deceased.

Non-Cosmetic Fluid (Passive Dye)

9

A solution having a lesser concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared.

Hypotonic Solution

10

A poisonous substance of plant, animal, bacterial or fungal origin.

Toxin

11

Separation of compounds into simples substances by the action of microbial and/or autolytic enzymes.

Decomposition

12

An agent used to remove chemical constituents from municipal water supplies that could interfere with drainage and preservation.

Water Conditioner

13

Noise made by a moribund person caused by air passing through a residue of mucous in the trachea and posterior oral cavity.

Death Rattle

14

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissue or body cavities.

Edema (Dropsy)

15

The passage of solvent from a solution of lesser to one of greater solute concentration when the two solutions are separated by a semipermeable membrane.

Osmosis

(Hindered Diffusion)

16

A chemical for purposes other than preservation and disinfection.

Supplemental Chemical

17

Organic compound found in plants and animals; can be broken down into amino acids.

Protein

18

A preparation aid used in mouth closure. It is inserted into a needle injector and forced into the mandible and maxilla.

Injector Needle

19

An official of a local community who holds inquests concerning sudden, violent, and unexplained deaths.

Coroner

20

Chemicals which kill or render incapible of reproducing disease causing microorganisms.

Germicide 

21

An amorphus, nonvolitile solid or soft side substance, a natural exudation from plants any of a class of solid or soft organic compounds of natural or synthetic origin.

Resinous Substance

22

Between the cells of a structure.

Intercellular

23

A mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone.

Needle Injector

24

The semi-convulsive twitches which often occur before death.

Death Struggle

25

A microorganism that prefers an environment devoid of oxygen, but has adapted so that it can live and grow in the presence of oxygen.

Facultative Aerobe

26

As related to decomposition, the conversion of fatty tissues of the body into a soapy waxy substance called adipocere or grave wax.

Saponification 

(Process of Soap Formation)

27

The substance that is dissolved in a solution.

Solute

28

The non-protein portion of hemoglobin; the red pigment of the hemoglobin.

Heme

29

A solution having a greater concentration of dissolved soute than the solution to which it is compared.

Hypertonic Solution

30

Procedures that isolate or remove the bloodborne pathogen hazard from the workplace such as: sharps disposal contain, self sheathing needles.

Engineering Controls 

31

A liquid holding another substance in solution.

Solvent

32

A condition in which the muscles become rigidly fixed, the body becomes pale and cold, pulse and respiration are feeble.

Death Trance

33

Sharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid. This may also be used for supplemental hypodermic embalming.

Trocar

34

A luminous appearance like a candle flame, superstitiously thought to prestage death.

Death Candle

35

A process to promote and establish conditions which minimize or eliminate biohazards.

Sanitation

36

The direct contact of body tissues with embalming chemicals.

Surface Embalming

37

Drug-induced edema wherein the excess fluid is located within the cell. Upon palpation, there is no noticeable depression.

Solid Edema

38

Inactivation or removal of microbial toxins, as well as of living microbial pathogens themselves.

Decontamination 

39

The red respiratory portion of the red blood cells; iron containing pigment of red blood cells functioning to carry oxygen to the cells.

Hemoglobin

40

Chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon decomposition which such bacteria thrive, and which will arrest by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as coverting the decomposable tissue to a form less susceptible to decomposition.

Preservative (Fixers)

41

An evaluation of exposures that are time-weighted over an established period. It allows the exposure levels to be averaged generally over an eight-hour time period.

Time Weighted Average (TWA)

42

Group of chemicals used in addition to vascular (arterial) and cavity embalming fluids. Includes, but is not limited to:

  • Hardening compounds
  • Preservative powders
  • Sealing agents
  • Mold preventative agents
  • Pack application agents

Accessory Chemicals

43

Building blocks of which proteins are constructed, and the end products of protein digestion or hydrolysis.

  • Basic Formula: NH2-CHR-COOH
  • An amino group, an alpha carbon, any aliphatic or aromatic radical, and a carboxyl group.

Amino Acid

44

Legal limits established by OSHA to which workers can be exposed continuously  for a short period of time without damage or injury.

  • Exposures should not be for more than 15 minutes and not repeated more than 4 times per work day.

Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)

45

Transparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior.

Cornea

46

The movement of the arterial solution from the point of injection through the blood vascular system.

Fluid Distribution 

47

It its broadest sense, refers to the moistening, and softening, of any tissue decomposing in a liquid medium.

Maceration

48

An agonal or postmortem redistribution of host microflora on a hostwide basis.

Translocation

49

The injection of a specialized chemical prior to the injection of a routine arterial chemical.

Preinjection

50

The destruction and/or inhibition of most pathogenic organisms and their products in or on the body.

Disinfection

51

Removal of particles (liquid or solid) from a solution, as it passes through a membrane or other partial barrier.

Filtration

52

Rendered thoroughly dry, exhausted of moisture.

Dessiccation 

53

Loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem.

  • Antemortem causes: Febril disease, diarrhea or ernesis, postmortem injection of embalming solution or through absorption by the air.

Dehydration

54

Injection that results in the distribution of embalming fluid primarily to the body surface, with little preservation and disinfection of deeper tissues.

Shell Embalming

55

Extravascular movement of preservative fluids by gravitational force to the dependent areas of the body.

Gravity Filtration

56

Mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye.

Conjunctiva 

57

An organic compound containing nitrogen; any compounds formed from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by organic radicals.

  • General Formula for the primary: R-NH2

Amine

58

Injection of embalming chemicals directly into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle or trocar.

Hypodermic Embalming

59

The act or instance of forcing a fluid into the vascular system or directly into tissues.

Injection

60

Embalming instrument used to hypodermically inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals.

Hypo Valve Trocar (Parietal Needle)

61

Postmortem, intravascular, red-blue discoloration resulting from hypostasis of blood. It can usually be cleared via arterial injection and drainage.

Livor Mortis

(Cadaveric Lividity, Postmortem Lividity)

62

Soft, whiteish, crumbly or greasy material that forms upon the postmortem hydrolysis and hydrogenation of body fats.

Adipocere (Grave Wax)

63

Destruction of red blood cells that liberates hemoglobin.

Hemolysis

64

Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances able ot pass through a semi-permeable membrane. 

  • The size of the solute particles is less than one nanometer.

True Solution

65

Weakening of the embalming solution by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial.

Secondary Dilution

66

The white of the eyeball.

Sclera

67

Within a cell or cells.

Intracellular

68

The property of certain cells of becoming fluid when shaken, and then becoming solid again.

Thixotrophy

69

Supplemental fluids used as a coinjection to draw excess moisture out of edematous/dropsy bodies. 

  • Work by using the principal of osmosis
  • Are hypertonic
  • Work best when injected sectionally.
  • Excess use may result in excess dehydration, wrinkling and tissues turning dark.

Edematous Fluids

70

Organelle that exists within a cell, but separates from the cell.

  • Contains hydrolytic enzymes that break down proteins and certain carbohydrates.

Lysosome

71

Controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the manner in which a task is performed.

  • Prohibiting the recapping of needles.
  • Not allowing blood splatter or aerosolization of blood while draining during the embalming process.

Work Practice Controls

72

The movement of the arterial solution through the capillaries into the intercellular spaces, from an intravascular to an extravascular position.

Fluid Diffusion 

73

Edema in the body appendages, trunk, and/or head as contrasted with edema of the body cavities.

Skeletal Edema

74

A general term for the solidifaction of a solution into a gelatinous mass.

A specific form of agglutination 

Tissue Coagulation

75

The process of taking in, as in a colored object which takes in certain rays of light and reflects other rays giving the object its recognizable color.

  • E.g., An apple is called red if the red rays are reflected and the other rays in the light are taken in.

Absorption 

76

Assimilation of gas, vapor, or dissolved matter by the surface of a solid or liquid.

Adsorption 

77

An official elected or appointed to investigate suspicious or unnatural death.

Medical Examiner

78

Retards the natural postmortem tendency of blood to become more viscous or prevents adverse reactions between blood and other embalming chemicals.

Anticoagulant 

79

An influential person in medical embalming who is known as the "Father of Embalming."

(Dutch)

Ruysch, Frederick (1665-1717)

80

Liquid containing dissolved substance.

Solution

81

Decomposition of proteins by the action of enzymes from anaerobic bacteria.

Putrefaction

82

Drawing together, or a contraction, of gells which results in the giving off of water.

Syneresis

83

Condition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation.

Pitting Edema

84

Severe generalized edema.

Anasarca

85

Any substance that imperils health of life when absorbed into the body.

Poison

86

Absorption of the fluid portion of blood by the tissues after death reulting in postmortem edema.

Imbibition

87

The dilution attained as the embalming solution is mixed in the embalming machine.

Primary Dilution 

88

A special vascular fluid with special bleaching and coloring qualities of use on bodies with jaundice; usually low formaldehyde content.

Jaundice Fluid

89

The maximum legal limits established by OSHA for regulated substances. 

  • These are based on employee exposure that are time-weighted over an eight-hour work shift.
  • When these limits are exceeded, employers must take proper steps to reduce employee exposure for Formaldehyde.
  • Formaldehyde has a .75ppm limit.

Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)

90

Extravascular color change that occurs when heme, released by hemolysis of red blood cells, seeps through the vessel wall and into the body tissues.

Postmortem Stain (Leaking)

91

An influential person in medical embalming who is regarded as the "Father of Modern Embalming," and the "Father of Embalming in the United States." (American)

Holmes, Dr. Thomas (1817-1900)

92

Embalming fluid that contains dyes and coloring agents intended to restore a more natural skin tone through the embalming process.

Cosmetic Fluid

93

Inner lining of the eye that receives the images formed by the lens and transmits those images to the brain through the optic nerve.

Retina

94

Contraction phase of the heart action, or beat.

Systole

95

Chemical that increases the ability of embalmed tissue to retain moisture.

Humectant

96

The injection of a specialized chemical in conjunction with the routine arterial chemical.

Coinjection

97

An organism that prefers an oxygen environment, but is capable of living and growing it its absence.

Facultative Anaerobe

98

Separation of substances in solution by the difference in their rates of diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.

Dialysis (Selective Diffusion)

99

Resins combined with oil; a fragrant, resinous, oily exudate from various trees and plants.

Balsamic Substance

100

The substance acted upon (protein, fat carbohydrate) by the action of an enzyme in the living organism, or embalming chemicals in perserving the dead body.

Substrate

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