Vocabulary J,L,M,N Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary J,L,M,N Deck (82):
1

Conditions characterized by expressive concentrations of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient.

Jaundice (Icterus)

2

A special vascular fluid with special bleaching and coloring qualities of use on bodies with jaundice; usually low formaldehyde content.

Jaundice Fluid

3

Tubular instrument of varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger, that is inserted into the jugular vein to aid in drainage.

Jugular Drain Tube

4

To cut or tear into irregular segments.

Lacerate

5

Wound characterized by irregular tearing of tissue.

Laceration

6

Oil from sheep wool.

Lanolin

7

A fine growth of downy hair which is sometimes found on the face of a baby.

Lanugo

8

Substance used to kill insect larvae.

Larvicide

9

Away from the midline.

Lateral

10

The amount of a poison (or radiation) that will kill 50% of the group to which it has been administered.

Lethal Dose 50% (LD50)

11

A severe, often fatal bacterial disease characterized by pneumonia, dry cough and sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms.

Legionnaires Disease

12

Any change in structure produced during the course of disease or injury.

Lesion

13

A chronic or acute disease of unregulated clonal proliferation of the stem cells of the blood forming tissues; resident cells eventually replaced by tumor cells.

Leukemia

14

Increase in the number of leukocytes (above 10,000 per cumm) in the blood, generally caused by infection and usually transient.

Leukocytosis

15

To tie off an artery and vein upon completion of embalming.

Ligate

16

Threat, cord, or wired used for tying vessels, tissues, or bones.

Ligature

17

An inexpert test for death in which a finger is ligated and if it becomes discolored, then life is present.

Ligature Test

18

A line drawn or visualized on the surface of the skin to represent the approximate location of some deeper-lying structure.

Linear Guide

19

Preparation room materials used on cases where the lips and/or eyelids are difficult to close properly.

Lip Sealer and Lip Cement

20

Decomposition of fats.

Lipolysis

21

Type of sealing compounds used to brush over incisions, cavities, raw surfaces and areas where any pinpoint leakage may occur.

Liquid Adhesive/Collodions/Solutions

22

Postmortem, intravascular, red-blue discoloration resulting from hypostasis of blood. Can usually be clear via arterial injection and drainage.

Lividity/ Livor Mortis/ Cadaverielividity/ Postmortem Lividity

23

A vascular incision that is made lengthwise on a vessel.

Longitudinal Incision

24

A single, noose-like suture, not pulled taut before knotting, which stands from the skin and which anchors restorative materials.

Loop Stitch

25

The cavity or opening of a vein, artery, or intestine. The farther away they are, the smeller the opening becomes.

Lumen

26

Tuberculosis if the skin; patches ulcerate and leave scars on healing.

Lupus Vulgaris

27

A specific antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues.

Lysin

28

Organelle that exists within a cell, but separate from the cell; contains hydrolytic enzymes that break down proteins and certain carbohydrates.

Lysosome

29

In its broadest sense, refers to the moistening, and softening, of any tissue decomposing in a liquid medium.

Maceration

30

An insect larva; especially flies.

Maggot

31

An influential person in medical embalming who was the first to note capillary circulation and was later known as the "Father of microscopic anatomy." "Father of histology" (Italian)

Malpighi, Marcello (1628-1694)

32

The horseshoe-shaped bone forming the inferior jaw.

Mandible

33

Method of mouth closure in which a suture is passed through the septum of the nose and around the mandible.

Mandibular Suture

34

Chemicals found in embalming arterial formulations having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one. Historically called reodorants.

Masking agents (perfuming agents)

35

Manipulation of tissue in the course of preparation of the body. Always move towards the heart.

Massage

36

This must accompany a hazardous product; a requirement of the Department of Labor and OSHA under the hazard communication standard.

Material Safety Data Sheet/ MSDS

37

A paired bone with several processes that form the skeletal be of most of the superior face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and floor of the orbit.

Maxilla

38

An electrical appliance which forces air into a machine resulting in pressure.

Mechanical Apparatus (Mechanical Air pressure Machine)

39

Toward the midline.

Medial

40

An official elected or appointed to investigate suspicious or unnatural death.

Medical Examiner

41

Methyl Ethyl ketone

Mek

42

The brown to black-brown pigment in the epidermis and hair which occurs in persons of all race.

Melanin

43

Inflammation of the meninges.

Meningitis

44

An embalming instrument used to stop the flow of fluids through tubing. (hose clamp)

Metal-cut-off/Metal Clamp

45

An embalming instrument which permits embalming fluid to flow in two different directions simultaneously.

Metal Y

46

Pathogenic bacterial Staphylococcus aureus, resistant to most drugs. A causative agent of bedsores, surgical wound infections, skin and nose infections, and pneumonia.

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

47

A minute one celled form of life not distinguishable as to vegetable or animal nature.

Microbe (Microorganism)

48

A vertical line drawn from the center of the medial border of the base of the axillary space.

Mid-axillary Line

49

The amount of radioactive material in which 37 million disintegrate each second. DISINTEGRATE EACH SECOND (wth Burke?)

Millicurie/ MC Atoms

50

The smallest dose of a poison (or radiation) on record that produces death.

Minimum Lethal Dose (MLD)

51

Composition of two or more substances that are not chemically bound to each other/.

Mixture

52

Chemicals added to the embalming solution to deal with varying demands predicted upon the embalming fluid to be used. Type of embalming, the environment and the (condition of the body?)

Modifying Agents

53

Necrotic tissue that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage; may be accompanied by bacterial infection.

Most (wet) Gangrene

54

Those agents which will prohibit the growth of mold.

Mold Preventative

55

In a dying state; in the agonal period.

Moribund

56

A paste to fix or fill.

Mortuary Putty

57

A device used in the mouth to shape the contour of the lips.

Mouth Former

58

Vascular injection from two or more arteries.

Multipoint Injection (Multiple-Site)

59

The complete or extreme dehydration of a dead human body.

Mummification

60

Method of mouth closure in which a suture is passed through the septum of the nose and through the mentalis muscle of the chin.

Musculature Suture

61

A material which can cause inheritable genetic changes in offspring.

Mutagen

62

Disfigured by a loss of a natural part because the application of force.

Mutilated

63

The nostrils

Nares

64

Unconsciousness produced by a drug, usually narcotics, and certain toxic chemicals.

Narcosis

65

A central nervous system depressant which can cause symptoms including headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, fatigue. In high concentrations, stupor and unconsciousness can occur.

Narcotic

66

Space between the roof of the mouth and the floor of the cranial cavity.

Nasal Cavity

67

The anterior fold of the cheek which descends laterally along the upper lip from the wing of the nose; a natural facial marking.

Nasolabial Fold

68

Embalming instrument used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils.

Nasal Tube Aspirator

69

Test and certifies respiratory protective devices and air sampling detector tubes, recommends occupational exposure limits for various substances, and assists OSHA in occupational safety and health investigations and research.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

70

Antemortem, physiological death of the cells of the body followed by their replacement. Most cells in the body are completely replaced every 14 years.

Necrobiosis

71

A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine the cause of death or pathological condition.

Necropsy (autopsy)

72

Pathological death of a tissue still part of the living organism.

Necrosis

73

Preparation room equipment used to hold suturing needs and keep them in good condition; an instrument used to hold a suturing needle while suturing.

Needle Holder

74

A mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone.

Needle Injector

75

The abnormal, excessive and uncontrolled multiplication of cells with the formation of a mass or new growth of tissue.

Neoplasm (Tumor)

76

A material capable of causing an abnormal growth of tissue.

Neoplastic Agent

77

Inflammation of the kidneys.

Nephritis

78

Metabolic by-products that contain nitrogen, such as urea and uric acid. These compounds have a high affinity for formaldehyde and tend to neutralize embalming chemicals.

Nitrogenous Waste

79

A type of arterial fluid which contains inactive dyes that will not impart a color change upon the body tissues of the deceased.

Non-cosmetic Fluid (Passive Dye)

80

Infection acquired in a hospital.

Nosocomial

81

National Toxicology Program.

NTP

82

An involuntary, rapid movement f the eyeball, usually from side to side.

Nystagmus

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