Flashcards in Vocabulary R,S Deck (90):
The supervisor, in an institution licensed to use radionuclides, that has the responsibility to establish procedures and make recommendations in the use of all radioactive matter.
Radiation Protection Officer
A chemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits radiation.
A chemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits an atom that disintegrates by emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Speed at which solution is injected, measured in ounces per minute.
Rate of Flow
A mark of desiccation.
Razor Burn (Razor Abrasion)
Repeated aspiration of a cavity.
Substance that easily loses electrons and thereby causes other substances to be reduced; formaldehyde is a strong one of these.
To lay at rest.
An amorphous, nonvolatile solid or soft side substance, a natural exudation from plants any of a class of solid or soft organic compounds of natural or synthetic origin.
Method of injection-drainage in which embalming solution is injected and then injection is stopped while drainage is open, which is a type of this.
Restricted Drainage (alternate drainage, Intermittent drainage)
Treatment of the deceased in the attempt to recreate natural form and color.
Supplemental fluid, used with the regular arterial solution whose purpose is to retain body moisture and retard dehydration.
Restorative Fluid (Humectant)
Method of injection wherein both common carotid arteries are raised.
Restricted Cervical Injection
Inner lining of the eye that receives the images formed by the lens and transmits those images to the brain through the optic nerve.
A general purpose embalming instrument which is primarily used to spread incisions and to afford more working room. It can also be used as an aid in eyecap insertion.
The right side of the heart seen as the center of drainage, used as a site of drainage via instruments from the right internal jugular vein.
Postmortem stiffening of the body muscles by natural body processes.
Rigor Mortis (Cadaveric rigidity)
Preparation room equipment applied to the neck creating external pressure to reduce swelling of the neck.
Rubber Water Collar
An influential person in medical embalming who is known as the "Father of Embalming" (Dutch).
Ruysch, Frederick (1665-1717)
Decomposition of sugars.
A yellowish, sickly color of the complexion.
A process to promote and establish conditions which minimize or eliminate biohazards.
Process of soap formation, as related to decomposition, the conversion of fatty tissues of the body into a soapy, waxy substance called adipocere or grave wax.
Bacteria that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter.
A two piece embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions.
Material used to provide a barrier or seal against any type of leakage of fluid or blood.
Those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters.
Second Degree Burn
Weakening of the embalming solution by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial.
A condition, which occurs after rigor mortis has left the body where the muscles of the body return to a state of limpness and flaccidity.
That injection taking place after the initial, primary, or first injection.
Injection of different regions of the body through the different arteries leading to those regions, as in autopsied cases or multipoint injections.
Causing an allergic reaction after repeated exposure.
Pathologic state, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the blood or other tissues.
Condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood.
Vertical cartilage dividing the nasal cavity into two chambers, responsible for asymmetry of the nose.
A chemical agent that can "fence off" or "tie up" metal ions so they cannot react with other chemicals.
Notched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps.
Hypodermic needles, suture needles, injector needles, scalpel blades, razor blades, pins and other items sharp enough to cause percutaneous injury, penetration of unbroken skin; may include other items normally not disposed of following use such as scissors, teeth, fingernails, and ribs.
OSHA required receptacle for proper disposal of sharps.
Injection that results in the distribution of embalming fluid primarily to the body surface, with little preservation and disinfection in deeper tissues.
Legal limits established by OSHA which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury.
- Exposures at this should not be more than 15 minutes and not repeated more than 4 times per work day.
Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
Procedure whereby the embalmer injects and drains from one site.
Single Point Injection (one point injection)
Manifestation of death in the body.
Sign of Death
Injection that involves use of both common carotid arteries, both axillary or subclavian arteries, and both femoral or internal iliac arteries.
Edema in the body appendages, trunk, and/or head as contrasted with edema of the body cavities.
Condition of decomposition wherein the epidermis begins to separate from the underlying dermal layer.
A plastic or rubber garment which covers the arm to the area of the wrist to guard or protect against leakage.
An unstable salt usually produced in an aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent.
Drug-induced edema wherein the excess fluid is located within the cell.
- Upon palpation, there is no noticeable depression.
The substance that is dissolved in a solution.
Liquid containing dissolved substance.
A liquid holding another substance in solution.
Death of an organism as a whole.
A preparation room instrument used for the application of wax to the lips of the deceased as well as smoothing out wax on visible areas of the body.
A multi-purpose embalming instrument commonly used for holding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment, and closing the eyes.
Injection from one site and drainage from a separate site.
Abnormal constriction of a channel or orifice.
Oven or appliance for sterilizing; an autoclave that disinfects by steam under pressure at temperatures above 100 degrees celsius.
Process that renders a substance free of all microorganisms.
Delicate instrument used to detect almost inaudible sounds produced in the body.
Dead at birth; a product of conception either expelled or extracted dead.
A plastic garment covering the entire foot and to the hip to prevent leakage and odor.
An embalming instrument commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.
A microbe that can only live in the presence of free oxygen.
Strick (obligate) Aerobe
A microbe that can only survive in the absence of free oxygen.
Strick (obligate) Anaerobe
Situated or occurring beneath the skin.
Distention of the tissues beneath the skin by gas or air, an antemortem condition brought about by a surgical procedure or trauma.
A physical change of state during which a substance changes directly from a solid to a gas.
Extravasation of blood into a tissue. A bruise.
Suggillation (ecchymosis, bruise)
Toward the surface.
Anatomically towards the head.
Fluid injected for purposes other than preservation and disinfection.
An incision on the surface of the skin to raise the common carotid arteries.
- It is made along the superior border of the medial one third of the clavicle.
Cloth, wet or dry, folded and applied firmly to a body part.
The direct contact of body tissues with embalming chemicals.
Dehydration of the dead human body due to the movement of air over the body itself.
Surface Evaporation/ Air Swipe
A discoloration due to the deposit of matter on the skin surface.
- These discolorations may occur antemortem, during, or after embalming of the body
- Adhesive tape, ink, iodine, paint, tobacco stains.
The force that acts on the surface of a liquid and tends to minimize surface area.
An absorbant material, compress, saturated with an embalming chemical and placed in direct contact with the tissue.
Chemical that reduces the molecular cohesion of a liquid so it can flow through smaller apertures.
(surface tension reducer, wetting, penetrating, or surface-active agent)
Temporary condition of apparent death.
Act of sewing; also the completed stitch.
Preparation room instruments which are used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature.
Correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face.
Death brought about by a cessation of cardiac activity, or a failure of heart action, one of three modes of death as described by Bichat.
Drawing together, or a contraction, of gels which results in the giving off of water.
Set if signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease.
Effect occurring at sites remote from the route of entry.