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Flashcards in Vocabulary R,S Deck (90):
1

The supervisor, in an institution licensed to use radionuclides, that has the responsibility to establish procedures and make recommendations in the use of all radioactive matter.

Radiation Protection Officer

2

A chemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits radiation.

Radioactive Isotope

3

A chemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits an atom that disintegrates by emission of electromagnetic radiation.

Radionuclide

4

Speed at which solution is injected, measured in ounces per minute.

Rate of Flow

5

A mark of desiccation.

Razor Burn (Razor Abrasion)

6

Repeated aspiration of a cavity.

Reaspiration

7

Substance that easily loses electrons and thereby causes other substances to be reduced; formaldehyde is a strong one of these.

Reducing Agent

8

To lay at rest.

Repose

9

An amorphous, nonvolatile solid or soft side substance, a natural exudation from plants any of a class of solid or soft organic compounds of natural or synthetic origin.

Resinous Substance

10

Method of injection-drainage in which embalming solution is injected and then injection is stopped while drainage is open, which is a type of this.

Restricted Drainage (alternate drainage, Intermittent drainage)

11

Treatment of the deceased in the attempt to recreate natural form and color.

Restoration

12

Supplemental fluid, used with the regular arterial solution whose purpose is to retain body moisture and retard dehydration.

Restorative Fluid (Humectant)

13

Method of injection wherein both common carotid arteries are raised.

Restricted Cervical Injection

14

Inner lining of the eye that receives the images formed by the lens and transmits those images to the brain through the optic nerve.

Retina

15

A general purpose embalming instrument which is primarily used to spread incisions and to afford more working room. It can also be used as an aid in eyecap insertion.

Retractor

16

The right side of the heart seen as the center of drainage, used as a site of drainage via instruments from the right internal jugular vein.

Right Atrium

17

Postmortem stiffening of the body muscles by natural body processes.

Rigor Mortis (Cadaveric rigidity)

18

Preparation room equipment applied to the neck creating external pressure to reduce swelling of the neck.

Rubber Water Collar

19

An influential person in medical embalming who is known as the "Father of Embalming" (Dutch).

Ruysch, Frederick (1665-1717)

20

Decomposition of sugars.

Saccharolysis

21

A yellowish, sickly color of the complexion.

Sallow

22

A process to promote and establish conditions which minimize or eliminate biohazards.

Sanitation

23

Process of soap formation, as related to decomposition, the conversion of fatty tissues of the body into a soapy, waxy substance called adipocere or grave wax.

Saponification

24

Bacteria that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter.

Saprophytic Bacteria

25

A two piece embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions.

Scalpel

26

Material used to provide a barrier or seal against any type of leakage of fluid or blood.

Sealing Agents

27

Those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters.

Second Degree Burn

28

Weakening of the embalming solution by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial.

Secondary Dilution

29

A condition, which occurs after rigor mortis has left the body where the muscles of the body return to a state of limpness and flaccidity.

Secondary Flaccidity

30

That injection taking place after the initial, primary, or first injection.

Secondary Injection

31

Injection of different regions of the body through the different arteries leading to those regions, as in autopsied cases or multipoint injections.

Sectional Injection

32

Causing an allergic reaction after repeated exposure.

Sensitizer

33

Pathologic state, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the blood or other tissues.

Sepsis

34

Condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood.

Septicemia

35

Vertical cartilage dividing the nasal cavity into two chambers, responsible for asymmetry of the nose.

Septum

36

A chemical agent that can "fence off" or "tie up" metal ions so they cannot react with other chemicals.

Sequestering Agent

37

Notched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps.

Serrated

38

Hypodermic needles, suture needles, injector needles, scalpel blades, razor blades, pins and other items sharp enough to cause percutaneous injury, penetration of unbroken skin; may include other items normally not disposed of following use such as scissors, teeth, fingernails, and ribs.

Sharps

39

OSHA required receptacle for proper disposal of sharps.

Sharps Container

40

Injection that results in the distribution of embalming fluid primarily to the body surface, with little preservation and disinfection in deeper tissues.

Shell Embalming

41

Legal limits established by OSHA which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury.

- Exposures at this should not be more than 15 minutes and not repeated more than 4 times per work day.

Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)

42

Procedure whereby the embalmer injects and drains from one site.

Single Point Injection (one point injection)

43

Manifestation of death in the body.

Sign of Death

44

Injection that involves use of both common carotid arteries, both axillary or subclavian arteries, and both femoral or internal iliac arteries.

Six-Point Injection

45

Edema in the body appendages, trunk, and/or head as contrasted with edema of the body cavities.

Skeletal Edema

46

Condition of decomposition wherein the epidermis begins to separate from the underlying dermal layer.

Skin-Slip (Desquamation)

47

A plastic or rubber garment which covers the arm to the area of the wrist to guard or protect against leakage.

Sleeves

48

An unstable salt usually produced in an aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent.

Sodium Hypochlorite

49

Drug-induced edema wherein the excess fluid is located within the cell.
- Upon palpation, there is no noticeable depression.

Solid Edema

50

The substance that is dissolved in a solution.

Solute

51

Liquid containing dissolved substance.

Solution

52

A liquid holding another substance in solution.

Solvent

53

Death of an organism as a whole.

Somatic Death

54

A preparation room instrument used for the application of wax to the lips of the deceased as well as smoothing out wax on visible areas of the body.

Spatula (Regular)

55

A multi-purpose embalming instrument commonly used for holding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment, and closing the eyes.

Spring Forceps

56

Injection from one site and drainage from a separate site.

Split Injection

57

Abnormal constriction of a channel or orifice.

Stenosis

58

Oven or appliance for sterilizing; an autoclave that disinfects by steam under pressure at temperatures above 100 degrees celsius.

Sterilizers

59

Process that renders a substance free of all microorganisms.

Sterilization

60

Delicate instrument used to detect almost inaudible sounds produced in the body.

Stethoscope

61

Dead at birth; a product of conception either expelled or extracted dead.

Stillborn

62

A plastic garment covering the entire foot and to the hip to prevent leakage and odor.

Stockings

63

An embalming instrument commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.

Stop Cock

64

A microbe that can only live in the presence of free oxygen.

Strick (obligate) Aerobe

65

A microbe that can only survive in the absence of free oxygen.

Strick (obligate) Anaerobe

66

Situated or occurring beneath the skin.

Subcutaneous

67

Distention of the tissues beneath the skin by gas or air, an antemortem condition brought about by a surgical procedure or trauma.

Subcutaneous Emphysema

68

A physical change of state during which a substance changes directly from a solid to a gas.

Sublimation

69

Extravasation of blood into a tissue. A bruise.

Suggillation (ecchymosis, bruise)

70

Eyebrow.

Supercilium

71

Toward the surface.

Superficial

72

Anatomically towards the head.

Superior

73

Fluid injected for purposes other than preservation and disinfection.

Supplemental Fluid

74

An incision on the surface of the skin to raise the common carotid arteries.
- It is made along the superior border of the medial one third of the clavicle.

Supraclavicular Incision

75

Cloth, wet or dry, folded and applied firmly to a body part.

Surface Compress

76

The direct contact of body tissues with embalming chemicals.

Surface Embalming

77

Dehydration of the dead human body due to the movement of air over the body itself.

Surface Evaporation/ Air Swipe

78

A discoloration due to the deposit of matter on the skin surface.
- These discolorations may occur antemortem, during, or after embalming of the body
- Adhesive tape, ink, iodine, paint, tobacco stains.

Surface Discoloration

79

The force that acts on the surface of a liquid and tends to minimize surface area.

Surface Tension

80

An absorbant material, compress, saturated with an embalming chemical and placed in direct contact with the tissue.

Surface Pack

81

Chemical that reduces the molecular cohesion of a liquid so it can flow through smaller apertures.

Surfactant

(surface tension reducer, wetting, penetrating, or surface-active agent)

82

Temporary condition of apparent death.

Suspended Animation

83

Act of sewing; also the completed stitch.

Suture

84

Preparation room instruments which are used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature.

Suturing Needles

85

Correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face.

Symmetry

86

Death brought about by a cessation of cardiac activity, or a failure of heart action, one of three modes of death as described by Bichat.

Syncope

87

Drawing together, or a contraction, of gels which results in the giving off of water.

Syneresis

88

Set if signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease.
i.e., down's

Syndrome

89

Effect occurring at sites remote from the route of entry.

Systemic

90

Contraction phase of the heart action, or beat.

Systole

Decks in Embalming Class (61):