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Flashcards in Vocab for Exam 2 Deck (150):
1

Soft, whitish crumbly or greasy material that forms upon the postmortem hydrolysis and hydrogenation of body fats.

Adipocere (Grave Wax)

2

In the presence of free oxygen.

Aerobic

3

Intravascular: The increase of viscosity of blood brought about by the clumping of particulate formed elements in the blood vessels. Coagulation is a specific type of this.

Agglutination

4

A process which is the result of capillary permeability changes, where the bacteria from the intestinal area of the body migrate to the blood vascular system and is spread throughout the body.

Agonal Bacterial Migration

5

Building blocks of which proteins are constructed, and the end products of protein digestion or hydrolysis.
- Their basic formula is NH2-CHR-COOH
- An amino group, an alpha carbon, any aliphatic or aromatic radical, and a carboxyl group.

Amino Acid

6

In the absence of free oxygen.

Anaerobic

7

Severe generalized edema.

Anasarca

8

Localized abnormal dilation of out pocketing of a blood vessel resulting from a congenital defect or a weakness in a vessel wall.

Aneurysm

9

An embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and is raising vessels.

Aneurysm Hook

10

An embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels, which has an eye in the hook portion of the instrument for placing ligatures around the vessels.

Aneurysm Needle

11

An instrument which is used for cutting bandages and/or clothing off of the deceased.

Angular Bandage Scissors

12

A multipurpose instrument used in the embalming process.

Angular Spring Forceps

13

An embalming instrument which has multiple uses, especially in helping remove blood from the veins.

Angular Vein Forceps

14

Deviation from the normal.

Anomalies

15

In front of the elbow/in the bend of the elbow.

Antecubital

16

- A bony protuberance.
- Can be palpated topographically
- Found in the ilium - The superior, broad portion of the hipbone
- The origin of the inguinal ligament and the sartorius muscle.

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine

17

A tube used to inject embalming fluid into the body vascular system.

Arterial Tube (Cannula)

18

The term applied to a number of pathological conditions causing a thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries.

Arteriosclerosis (A.S.C.V.D.)

19

Arteriosclerosis cardiovascular disease

A.S.C.V.D.

20

An embalming instrument whose purpose is to hold arterial tubes in the arteries.

Artery Fixation Forceps (2 hole or 3 hole clamp)

21

An embalming instrument used for cutting arteries and veins to enable insertion of the arterial tubes into the arteries and drain tubes into the veins.

Artery And Vein Scissors

22

Place of union between two or more bones.

Articulation

23

The movement of blood from the heart and arteries into the capillaries and veins, which occurs at the moment of death.

Articulo-Mortis

24

Withdrawal of gas, fluids, and semi-solids from body cavities and hollow viscera by means of suction with an aspirator and a trocar.

Aspiration

25

Fatty degeneration or thickening of the walls of the larger arteries occurring in atherosclerosis.

Atheroma

26

The presence of bacteria in the blood.

Bacteremia

27

- Resins combined with oil.
- A fragrant, resinous, oily exudate from various trees and plants.

Balsamic Substance

28

Circulatory network composed of the heart, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins.

Blood Vascular system

29

The separation and pushing aside of the superficial fascia leading to blood vessels and then the deep fascia surrounding blood vessels.
- Utilizing manual techniques or round ended instruments which separate rather than cut the protective tissues.

Blunt Dissection

30

An embalming instrument used to maintain the elevation of the vessels above the surface of the skin.

Bone Separator (Separator)

31

Vestibule of the oral cavity; the space between the lips, gums, and teeth.

Buccal Cavity

32

General deterioration of the body.
- A state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting.
- It may occur in many chronic diseases as certain malignancies and advanced pulmonary tuberculosis.

Cachexia (Wasting Syndrome)

33

Dead human body used for medical purposes: Including transplantation, anatomical dissection and study.

Cadaver

34

A prolongation of the last violent contraction of the muscles into the rigidity of death.

Cadaveric Spasm (Instantaneous Rigor Mortis)

35

Minute blood vessels.
- The walls of these comprise a single layer of endothelial cells.
- Connect the smallest arteries (arterioles) with the smallest veins (venules).
- This is where pressure filtration occurs

Capillaries

36

Ability of substances to diffuse through capillary walls into the tissue spaces.

Capillary Permeability

37

The means by which a pathogen is passed from host to host.

Circle of Transmission

38

Anaerobic, saprophytic, spore-forming bacterium responsible for tissue gas.
- Referred to as a gas bacillus.

Clostridium Perfringens

39

The process of converting soluble protein to insoluble protein by heating or contact with a chemical such as an alcohol or an aldehyde.
- The solidification of a solid into a gelatinous mass.
- This is a specific form of agglutination.

Coagulation

40

Substances which increase the activity of enzymes.

Co-enzymes (Accelerators)

41

Microorganisms (colon bacillus) found normally in the colon.

Coliform Organisms

42

Bacterial inhabitants of the colon.

Coli-Flora

43

Rounded articular process on a bone.

Condyle

44

Mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye.

Conjunctiva

45

Transparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior.

Cornea

46

Legal term referring to a dead body.

Corpse

47

An official of a local community who holds inquests concerning sudden, violent, and unexplained deaths.

Coroner

48

Crackling sensation produced when gases trapped in tissues are palpated, as in subcutaneous emphysema.

Crepitation

49

Thin, medial portion of the ethmoid bone of the skull.

Cribriform Plate

50

A blood clot which contains all of the blood elements coagulated in an evenly mixed mass.

Current Clot (Jelly Clot, Cruor Clot)

51

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen.

Cyanosis

52

Decomposition of proteins by enzymes of aerobic bacteria.

Decay

53

Inactivation or removal of microbial toxins, as well as of living microbial pathogens themselves.

Decontamination

54

A vascular incision made on vessels by cutting in an oblique or slanting direction.

Diagonal Incision

55

Relaxation phase of the heart action, or beat.

Diastole

56

Unchecked putrefaction eventually results in a complete breakdown and disappearance of all body structures, except the bones.

Disintegration

57

Tubular instrument or varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger, that is inserted into a vein to aid in drainage of blood and to restrict the exit of vascular embalming solution.

Drain Tube

58

Discharge or withdrawal of blood, interstitial fluid and embalming fluids from the body during vascular embalming.
- Usually removed through a vein of the body.

Drainage

59

An embalming instrument which allows the removal of blood from the body without using the conventional drain tube.

Drainage Forceps

60

Preparation room equipment on which human remains are placed for the embalming procedure.

Embalming Table

61

The true metabolic enzymes of bacterium.
- Produced within the bacterial cell wall.

Endoenzymes

62

The surroundings, conditions, or influences that affect an organism or the cells within an organism.

Environment

63

An organic catalyst produced by living cells and capable of autolytic decomposition.

Enzyme

64

Enzymes which function outside of the bacterial cell wall.

Exoenzymes

65

From outside the body.

Extrinsic

66

Characterized by high fever, causing dehydration of the body.

Febrile

67

Intravascular blood discoloration that occurs when arterial solution enters an area (such as the face), but due to blockage, blood and embalming solution are unable to drain from the area.

Flush (Flushing)

68

Death of the organism as a whole.

Functional Death (Somatic Death)

69

Instrument used to guide drainage tubes into veins.

Groover Director

70

Equipment used to dry the hair of the deceased and is made specifically for mortuary use.

Hair Dryer

71

An incision on the surface of the skin used when raising the common carotid arteries.
- It is made from the center of one clavicle by a curve to the center of the other clavicle.

Half-Moon Incision (Semi-Lunar Incision)

72

Preparation room equipment used for scrubbing, cleaning, and disinfection purposes.

Hand Brush

73

Piece of equipment used to maintain the head in the proper position during the embalming process.

Head Rest

74

A direct method of drain accomplished by inserting a trocar into the right atrium of the heart.

Heart Tap

75

The non-protein portion of hemoglobin.
- The red pigment of the hemoglobin

Heme

76

An embalming instrument used to clamp vessels.

Hemostat/Lock Forceps

77

Preparation room equipment used to hold tubing in place on the embalming table.

Hose Holder

78

Absorbing moisture readily.

Hygroscopic

79

A diminished, or lowered, coagulability of blood.

Hypinosis

80

Embalming instrument used to hypodermically inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals.

Hypo Valve Trocar (Parietal Needle)

81

Preparation room item used to inject embalming chemicals and tissue builder into the body tissues.

Hypodermic Syringe and Needle

82

A clean cut made with a sharp instrument.
- In embalming, a cut made with a scalpel to raise arteries and veins.

Incision

83

Anatomical structure forming the base of the femoral triangle.
- Extends from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic tubercle.

Inguinal Ligament

84

Between the cells of a structure.

Intercellular

85

Fluid outside or between the cells of the body.

Intercellular Fluid

86

Space between the ribs.

Intercostal Space

87

The supporting connective tissues surrounding body cells.

Interstitial

88

Fluid in the supporting connective tissues surrounding body cells.
- About one-fifth of the body weight.

Interstitial Fluid

89

Fluid contained within vascular channels.
- About one-twentieth of the body weight.

Intravascular Fluid

90

Tubular instrument of varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger, that is inserted into the jugular vein to aid in drainage.

Jugular Drain Tube

91

Substance used to kill insect larvae.

Larvicide

92

To tie off an artery and vein upon completion of embalming.

Ligate

93

A vascular incision that is made lengthwise on a vessel.

Longitudinal Incision

94

The cavity or opening of a vein, artery, or intestine.
- The further away they are, the smaller the opening becomes.

Lumen

95

A specific antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues.

Lysin

96

Organelle that exists within a cell, but separate from the cell.
- Contains hydrolytic enzymes that break down proteins and certain carbohydrates.

Lysosome

97

An insect larva; especially flies.

Maggot

98

Manipulation of tissue in the course of preparation of the body. Always move towards the heart.

Massage

99

An official elected or appointed to investigate suspicious or unnatural death.

Medical Examiner

100

A minute, one celled form of life not distinguishable as to vegetable or animal nature.

Microbe (Microorganism)

101

The complete or extreme dehydration of a dead human body.

Mummification

102

Space between the roof of the mouth and the floor of the cranial cavity.

Nasal Cavity

103

Embalming instrument used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils.

Nasal Tube Aspirator

104

Preparation room equipment used to hold suturing needles and keep them in good condition.
- An instrument used to hold a suturing needle while suturing.

Needle Holder

105

Abnormal amount of fat on the body.

Obese (Corpulence)

106

Any and all techniques to treat a problem area.
- Excision, incision, wicking.

Operative Corrections

107

The most favorable condition for functioning.

Optimum

108

The mouth and the vestibule, or the opening to the throat.

Oral Cavity

109

Embalming instrument used in filling the external orifices of the body.

Packing Forceps

110

The examine by touch.

Palpate

111

Substances which temporarily or permanently inhibits an enzyme's action.

Paralyzer (Inactivator)

112

Capable of producing disease.

Pathogenic

113

Substance able to destroy lice.

Pediculicide

114

Agents destructive to adult forms of insect life.

Pesticide (Insecticide)

115

Degree of acidity or alkalinity.
- The scale ranges from 0-14
- 0 being completely acid
- 14 being completely basic
- 7 being neutral

- Blood has a level of 7.35-7.45

pH (Potential of Hydrogen)

116

Condition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation.

Pitting Edema

117

Acute infection or inflammation of the alveoli.
- The alveolar sacs fill up with fluid and dead white blood cells.
- Causes: bacteria, fungi, viruses

Pneumonia

118

Period that begins after somatic death.

Postmortem

119

An embalming instrument for aspirating liquid materials from the trunk cavity of autopsied cases.

Postmortem-Autopsy Aspirator (Autopsy Aspirator)

120

The changing of the blood from a liquid to a semi-solid or from a semi-solid to a solid.

Postmortem Blood Coagulation

121

A change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition.

Postmortem Physical Change

122

A period immediately following death and before rigor mortis occurs, where the muscles of the body are limp and flaccid.

Primary Flaccidity

123

Organic compound found in plants and animals.
- Can be broken down into amino acids.

Protein

124

The fibrocartilage that joints the two pubic bones in the median plane.

Pubic Symphysis

125

Decomposition of proteins by the action of enzymes from anaerobic bacteria.

Putrefaction

126

A mark of desiccation.

Razor Burn (Razor Abrasion)

127

An amorphous, nonvolatile solid or soft side substance, a natural exudation from plants.
- Any of a class of solid or soft organic compounds of natural or synthetic origin.

Resinous Substance

128

Treatment of the deceased in the attempt to recreate natural form and color.

Restoration

129

Inner lining of the eye that receives the images formed by the lens and transmits those images to the brain through the optic nerve.

Retina

130

A general purpose embalming instrument which is primarily used to spread incisions and to afford more working room.
- Can also be used to aid in eyecap insertion.

Retractor

131

Bacterial that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter.

Saprophytic Bacteria

132

A condition, which occurs after rigor mortis has left the body where the muscles of the body return to a state of limpness and flaccidity.

Secondary Flaccidity

133

Notched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps.

Serrated

134

A preparation room instrument used for the application of wax to the lips of the deceased as well as smoothing out wax on visible areas of the body.

Spatula (Regular)

135

A multi-purpose embalming instrument.
- Commonly used for holding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment and closing the eyes.

Spring Forceps

136

An embalming instrument commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.

Stop Cock

137

Situated or occurring beneath the skin.

Subcutaneous

138

Extravasation of blood into a tissue.

Suggillation (Ecchymosis, Bruise, Contusion)

139

Dehydration of the dead human body due to the movement of air over the body itself.

Surface Evaporation Swipe (Air Swipe)

140

Preparation room instruments which are used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature.

Suturing Needles

141

Drawing together, or a contraction, of gels which results in the giving off of water.

Syneresis

142

Contraction phase of the heart action, or beat.

Systole

143

The science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition.

Temporary Preservation (Preservation)

144

Preparation room equipment used to pass a ligature underneath a raised vessel.

Thread Passer

145

A general term.
- The solidification of a solid into a gelatinous mass.
- This is a specific form of agglutination.

Tissue Coagulation

146

An agonal or postmortem redistribution of host microflora on a hostwide basis.

Translocation

147

A vascular incision made at 90 degrees to the long axis of the vessel.

Transverse Incision

148

A vascular incision which is made by cutting a small triangular wedge from the wall of vessel.

Triangular Incision (Wedge Incision)

149

A vascular incision created by making a short transverse incision at a right angle to the long axis of the vessel.
- Then with the point of the scissors inserted into the original opening, a second incision is made parallel to the long axis of the vessel.

T-Shaped Incision

150

The resistance to the flow of a liquid; the thickness of a liquid.

Viscosity

Decks in Embalming Class (61):