Tissue that circulates through the vascular system and is composed of approximately 22% solids and 78% water.
Apparatus used to inject arterial fluid during the vascular (arterial) phase of the embalming process; relies on gravity to create the pressure required to deliver the fluid.
- .43lbs of pressure per one foot of elevation.
The amount of pressure produced by an injection device to overcome initial resistance within (intravascular) or on (extravascular) to vascular system (arterial or venous).
The passage of solvent from a solution of lesser to one of greater solute concentration when the two solutions are separated by a semipermeable membrane.
Osmosis (Hindered Diffusion)
Artery or arteries initially selected for use in the embalming procedure.
Primary Injection Site
Repeated aspiration of a cavity.
Procedure whereby the embalmer injects and rains from one site.
Single Point Injection (One Point Injection)
A device used in the mouth to shape the contour of the lips.
Method of injection wherein both common carotid arteries are raised.
Restricted Cervical Injection
Extravascular movement of preservative fluids by gravitational force to the dependent areas of the body.
A device used as means of fastening the calvarium after a cranial autopsy.
The action of a force against an opposing force ( a force applied or acting against resistance ).
A type of air pressure apparatus which is a fluid power driven maching working by the force of a moving liquid.
The consideration given to the dead body prior to, during, and after the emblaming procedure is completed; documentation is recommended.
Embalming Analysis (Case Analysis)
Preparation room equipment used to insert trocar buttons into torcar punctures created when the trocar is inserted into the body.
Trocar Button Applicator
A line drawn or visualized on the surface of the body or a prominent anatomic structure used to locate internal structures during cavity embalming, from a point of reference two inches to the left and two inches superior to the umbilicus.
The recovery of organs or tissues from a cadaver for transplantation purposes.
Preparation room equipment used to reduce neck swelling by variable air pressure.
The pressure exerted by the blood in the living body on the arterial wall measured in millimeters of mercury.
The pressure indicated by the injector gague needle when the injector motor is running and the arterial tubing is clamped off.
The vertical restraining fold of mucous membrane on the midline of the inside of each lip connecting the lip with the gum.
A self-contained, soft rubber and manual pump designed to create pressure to deliver fluid as it passes through one-way valves located when the bulb.
- It is used only to deliver fluids; it cannot be used for aspiration.
Vascular injection from two or more arteries.
Multiple-Site Injection (Multipoint Injection)
Method used to embalm the contents of the cranial cavity through aspiration and injection of the cranial chamber by passage of a trocar through the cribiform plate.
Vein or veins initially selected for use in the emblaming procedure.
Primary Drainage Site
The movement of the arterial solution through the capillaries into the intercellular spaces, from an intravascular to an extravascular position.
An emblaming instrument which permits embalming fluid to flow in two different directions simultaneously.
Embalming machine that uses an electrical pump to create pressure either pulsating or non-pulsating.
Centrifugal Force Machine (Modern Embalming Machine)
The movement of molecules or other particles in solution from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration until uniform concentration is reached.
The movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial system and into the capillaries.
Distribution Solution (Distribution Fluid)
A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition, a necropsy.
Autopsy (Necropsy, Postmortem Examination)
Embalming aid used on cases with cranial autopsies to absorb seepage and prevent the soiling of the casket pillow.
Method of drainage in which the drainage is stopped at intervals while the injection continues. This is a type of restricted drainage.
Direct treatment, other than vascular (arterial) injection, of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera.
- Usually accomplished by aspiration and injection.
Cavity Treatment (Cavity Embalming)
The act or instance of forcing a fluid into the vascular system or directly into tissues.
To force a fluid through (an organ or tissue), especially by way of the blood vessels; injection during vascular (arterial) embalming.
Method of injection-drainage in which embalming solution is injected and then injection is stopped while drainage is open which is a type of restricted drainage.
A device that uses a motor to creation a suction for the purpose of aspiration.
Speed at which solution is injected; measure in ounces per minute.
Rate of Flow
An embalming instrument which is a one piece scalpel used for making incisions and excisions.
Positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming solution through the capillary causing pressure of embalming fluid from an intravascular to a wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids; extravascular position.
Preparation room equipment applied to the neck creating external pressure to reduce swelling of the neck.
Rubber Water Collar
The differences between potential and actual pressure.
Historical instrument resembling a large hypodermic syringe attached to a bottle apparatus; used to create either pressure for injection or vacuum for aspiration.
Injection from one site and drainage from a separate site.
A method of creating injection pressure which consists of a gravity bottle with tubing attached, that is suspended at a desired distance above the point of injection.
Gravity Percolator (Gravity Bottle)
One of several methods used for mouth closure (antiquated).
Special needles which are used to anchor the calvaria securely in the head of autopsied cases and is applied with a needle injector.
Method of mouth closure in which a suture is passed through the septum of the nose and through the mentalis muscle of the chin.
An embalming instrument which is connected to a bottle of cavity fluid to aid in injecting the cavity fluid into the various cavities of the body.
One of several methods used for mouth closure.
A solution having a greater concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared.
The grafting of living tissue from its normal position to another site, or of an organ or tissue from one person to another.
Embalming equipment used to inject a substance into the mouth, giving the deceased a more life-like appearance by filling out the mouth.
Specially designed tubing which attaches to the outlet of a gravity percolator.
An artery or arteries selected to be used after the initial or primary artery to be used for injection during the embalming process.
Secondary Injection Site
Used to inject embalming fluid into the body vascular system after death.
Postmortem Injector (Arterial Tube, Cannula)
Method of drainage in which drainage occurs continuously during vascular (arterial) injection.
A type of air pressure apparatus where air or CO2 is pumped from tanks into a fluid chamber to create pressure.
Compressed Air Apparatus (Gas, CO2)
A solution having lesser concentration of dissolved solute than the soution to which it is compared.
Apparatus that is connected to the water supply; when the water is turned on a suction is developed and used to aspirate the contents of the body's cavities.
Injection that involves use of both common carotid arteries, both axillary or subclavian arteries, and both femoral or internal iliac arteries.
Passage of some components of the injected embalming solution from an intravascular to an extravascular location; movements of the embalming soutions from the capillaries into the interstitial fluids.
Diffusion Solution (Diffusion Fluid)
To touch or contact as with the tarsal plates of the closed eyelids.
A method of creating injection pressure in which a bulb syringe is built into the tubing of the gravity percolator.
Combination Gravity Method And Bulb Syringe
A thin plastic dome-shaped disk used to restore contour just beneath the eyelids. An aid in eye closure.
A mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone.
A supplemental piece of equipment attached to the embalming machine which measures the flow of fluids in both gallons per hour and ounces per minute.
Sharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid. May also be used for supplemental embalming.
The dome-like superior portion of the cranium; that portion removed during cranial autopsy.
Projection of the jaws that may cause problems with mouth closure alignment of the teeth.
Method of mouth closure in which a suture is passed through the septum of the nose and around the mandible.
A method of creating injection pressure with air forced under pressure into a fluid chamber that displaces the arterial solution by pushing it into the arterial system of the body.
Air Pressure Apparatus
Separation of substances in solution by the difference in their rates of diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
Dialysis (Selective Diffusion)
A condition of skin puckering caused by the contraction of the erector pili.
Preparation room equipment which may serve for both embalming and dressing human remains.
An electrical appliance which forces air into a maching resulting in pressure.
Mechanical Air Pressure Machine ( Mechanical Apparatus)
Preparation room equipment which is a complete water system containing a hydroaspirator, water outlet, goose neck filler for the embalming machine and a snap on hose.
Water control Unit
A motorized injector used to create positive pressure as required in vascular embalming.
Pressure Embalming Machine
Injection of very strong arterial fluid (often waterless) under relatively high pressure into head and face through both common carotid arteries to effect preservation and disinfection while minimizing swelling.
Instant Tissue Fixation (Head Freeze)
Weakening of the emblaming solution by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial.
The movement of the arterial solution from the point of injection through the blood vascular system.
The total sum of those considerations given the case at hand, beginning before the embalming procedure is begun and continuing throughout the operation.
A preparation aid used in mouth closure. It is inserted into a needle injector and forced into the mandible and maxilla.
Injection of different regions of the body through the different arteries leading to those regions, as in autopsied cases or multipoint injections.
Methods of injection-drainage in which emblaming solution is not injected continuously while the body drains. Includes both intermittent and alternate drainge.
The pressure which just overcomes the vascular resistance in the body and causes the arterial solution to enter the body at a moderate and uniform rate.
Ideal Injection Pressure
An electrically heated blade which may be used to dry moist tissue, reduce swollen tissue, and restore contour to a natural form.
Electric Spatula (Tissue Reducer)
Formation of new channels in a tissue.
The dilution attained as the embalming solution is mixed in the embalming machine.
Rubber stopper containing two tubes, one to create vacuum or pressure and the other to deliver fluid or achieve aspiration; possibly used in cojunction with a hand pump.
Pressure developed as the flow of emblaming solution is established and the elastic arterial walls expand and then contract, resulting in filling of the capillary beds and development of pressure filtration.
Removal of particles (liquid or solid) from a solution, as it passes through a membrane or other partial barrier.
A plastic threaded screw-like device for sealing punctures and small round trocar openings.
An embalming instrument used to stop the flow of fluids through tubing.
Metal Cut-Off (Metal Clamp, Hose Clamp)
Preparation room equipment which is specifically designed for the dressing of the deceased.
Method by which solutes and/or solvents cross through a membrane with no energy provided by the cells of the membrane. In embalming, examples include:
- Pressure Filtration
Passive Transport System
That portion of the cornea recovered for transplantation in situ. The cornea and sclera considered together comprising the tunica fibrosa or fibrous coat of the eye.
Corneal Sclera Button
Extravasation of blood as a result of eye enucleation.
Eye Enucleation Discoloration