Flashcards in Vocabulary for Exam 3- MORS 113 Deck (99):
The concentrated, preservative, embalming chemical that will be diluted with water to form the arterial solution for injection into the arterial system during vascular (arterial) embalming. The purpose is rendering saprophytic bacteria and rendering body tissues less susceptible to decomposition.
Arterial Fluid (Vascular Fluid)
Condition in which the manifestations of life are feebly maintained.
The mouth and the vestibule, or the opening to the throat.
Space between the roof of the mouth and the floor of the cranial cavity.
Necrotic tissue that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage, may be accompanied by bacterial infection.
Moist (Wet) Gangrene
Condition that results when the bodily part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed.
Dry Gangrene (Ischemic Necrosis)
The separation and the pushing aside of the superficial fascia leading to blood vessels and then the deep fascia surrounding blood vessels, utilizing manual techniques or round ended instruments which separate rather than cut the protective tissues.
Antemortem necrosis in a wound infected by an anaerobic gas forming bacillus, the most common etiologic agent being Clostridium perfringens.
A common dye which is used to test for blood circulation.
A chemical which affects the stabilization of the acid-base (pH) balance within embalming solutions and in the embalmed tissues.
Vestibule of the oral cavity; the space between the lips, gums and teeth.
Established by drawing a line along the fold of skin which envelopes the lateral border of the pectoralis major muscle.
Anterior Boundary (of the base of the axillary space)
The body is erect, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs are pointed away from the body.
Biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans.
The arm pit.
Base of the Axillary Space
A condition which occurs in dead bodies when exposed to temperatures near or below the freezing point, thus causing the tissues to become firm and rigid.
The injection of a specialized chemical in conjunction with the routine arterial chemical.
An injury caused by a blow without laceration.
Bruise (Ecchymosis, Contusion, Suggulation)
Discharge of red blood cells in the urine.
A fluorescent red dye resulting from the action of bromine on fluorescein. Used as a coloring agent (active dye).
Withdrawal of gas, fluids, and semi-solids from the body cavities and hollow viscera by means of suction with an aspirator and trocar.
Insufficient intake of oxygen resulting from numerous causes.
A specialized type of dense connective tissue; attached to the ends of bones and forming parts of structures, which as the nasal septum and the framework of the ear.
A compound of hydrogen, carbon and oxygen; sugars, starches and glycogen.
Mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye.
The movement of blood from the heart and arteries to the capillaries and veins, which occurs at the moment of death.
Spasm of death.
The semi-convulsive twitches which often occur before death.
Accumulation of serous fluids in the peritoneal cavity.
Postmortem, intravascular red-blue discoloration resulting from hypostasis of blood. Can usually be cleared via arterial injection and drainage.
Livor Mortis (Cadaveric Lividity, Postmortem Lividity)
Those levels that are established to ensure adequate protection of employees at below OSHA limits, but to minimize the compliance burdens for employers whose employees have exposures below the 8 hour permissible exposure limit (PEL). For formaldehyde, the level is .50ppm.
Action Level (AL-Exposure Limits)
The abnormal, excessive and uncontrolled multiplication of cells with the formation of a mass or new growth of tissues.
Bleeding from the nose.
Ingredient of embalming fluids that retards the tendency of blood to become more viscous or prevents adverse reactions between blood and other embalming chemicals.
A descriptive reference for locating arteries and veins by means of anatomical structures which are known.
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in a saclike structure, especially the scrotal sac.
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissues or body cavities.
Antemortem and/or postmortem settling of blood and/or other fluids to dependent portions of the body.
Legal limits established by OSHA to which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury. Not more than 15 minutes and not repeated more than 4 times per work day.
Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
Inner lining of the eye that receives the images formed by the lens and transmits those images to the brain through the optic nerve.
Chemicals having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one.
Deodorants (Masking Agents, Perfuming Agents)
A condition in which the muscles become rigidly fixed, the body becomes pale and cold, pulse and respiration are feeble.
Severe generalized edema.
A condition of skin puckering caused by the contraction of the erector pili.
Between the cells of a structure.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the throacic cavity.
That part of the human skull that encloses the brain.
Substances which will, upon being dissolved, impart a definite color to the embalming solution. Classified as to their capacity to permanently impart color to the tissues of the body into which they are injected.
Dye (Coloring Agent)
A mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone.
Controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the manner by which a task is performed; prohibiting recapping of needles, not allowing blood splatter or aerosolization of blood while draining during the embalming process.
Work Practice Controls
Dyes which aid in restoring a life-like surface pigmentation to a body and also stain the body tissue cells.
Active Dyes (Staining Dyes, Cosmetic Dyes)
Fluid injected primarily to prepare the vascular system and body tissues fro the injection of the preservative vascular (arterial) solution. This solution is injected before the preservative vascular (arterial) solution is injected.
Extravascular color change that occurs when heme, released by hemolysis of red blood cells, seems through the vessel walls and into the body tissues.
Postmortem Stain (Laking)
Apparatus used for sterilization by steam pressure, usually 250 degrees F/ 120 degrees C for a specific time.
Transparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior.
The mixture of arterial (vascular) fluid with water which is used for the arterial injection and may include supplemental fluids.
Dehydration caused by using too harsh of an arterial solution to embalm a dead human body.
An embalming instrument which is connected to a bottle of cavity fluid to aid in injecting the cavity fluid into the various cavities of the body.
An evaluation of exposures that are time-weighted over an established period. It allows the exposure levels to be averaged generally over an eight hour time period.
Time-Weighted Average (TWA)
Distension of the tissues beneath the skin by gas or air; an antemortem condition brought about by a surgical procedure or trauma.
Drug-induced edema wherein the excess fluid is located within the cell. Upon palpation, there is no noticeable depression.
Established by drawing a line which connects the two points where the pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscles blend into the chest wall.
Medial Boundary (of the base of the axillary space)
Within a cell or cells.
Ability of substances to diffuse through capillary walls into the tissue spaces.
Formation of new channels in a tissue.
The dome-like superior portion of the cranium; that portion removed during cranial autopsy.
Method of mouth closure in which a sutures is passed through the septum of the nose and through the mentalis muscle of the chin.
Method of mouth closure in which a suture is passed through the septum of the nose and around the mandible.
Blood present in vomitus; vomiting of blood from the stomach.
Chemical in powder form that has the ability to absorb and to disinfect. Often used in cavity treatment of autopsied cases.
The cavity or opening of a vein, artery or intestine. The farther away from the aorta and vena cava they are, the smaller the opening becomes.
General deterioration of the body; a state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. It may occur in many chronic diseases as certain malignancies and advanced pulmonary tuberculosis.
Cachexia (Wasting Syndrome)
Discolorations resulting from changes in blood composition, or location, either intravascularly or extravascularly.
The formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis.
Blood in sputum.
A prolongation of the last violent contraction into the rigidity of death.
Cadaveric Spasm (Instantaneous Rigor Mortis)
A solution containing a relatively large amount of solute.
The part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.
An agent used to remove chemical constituents from municipal water supplies that could interfere with drainage and preservation.
A chemical capable of drying tissues by searing; caustic.
Procedures that isolate or remove the bloodborne pathogen hazard from the workplace such as a sharps disposal container, self-sheathing needles.
Points of origin and points of termination in relation to adjacent structures; used to designate the boundaries of arteries.
A condition in which the vital signs of life are feebly maintained and there is a waxy rigidity of the body.
The total sum of those considerations given the case at hand, beginning before the embalming procedure is begun and continuing throughout the operation.
Case Analysis (Embalming Analysis)
Free floating object in the blood stream.
Established by drawing a line along the fold of skin which envelopes the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi muscle.
Posterior Boundary (of the base of the axillary space)
Condition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation.
The maximum legal limits established by OSHA for regulated substances. Based on employee exposures that are time-weighted over an eight hour work shift. When exceeded, employers must take proper steps to reduce employee exposure. The limit for formaldehyde is .75ppm.
Permissable Exposure Limit (PEL)
A type of arterial fluid which contains inactive dyes that will not impart a color change upon the body tissues of the deceased.
Non-cosmetic Dye (Passive Dye)
A line drawn or visualized on the surface of the skin to represent the approximate location of some deeper lying structure.
An organism that prefers an environment devoid of oxygen but has adapted so that it can live and grow in the presence of oxygen.
An organism that prefers an oxygen environment but is capable of living and growing in its absence.
Postmortem accumulation of gas in tissues or cavities brought about by an anaerobic gas forming bacillus. The most common etiologic agent being Clostridium perfringens.
Tissue Gas (Postmortem Emphysema)
Chemical that increases the ability of embalmed tissue to retain moisture.
A preparation aid used in mouth closure. It is inserted into a needle injector and forced into the mandible and maxilla.
Established by drawing a line which connected the two points where the pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscles blend into the arm.
Lateral Boundary (of the base of the axillary space)
Conditions characterized by excessive concentration of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient.
Postmortem stiffening of the body muscles by natural body processes.
Rigor Mortis (Cadaveric Rigidity)