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Flashcards in Vocabulary O,P Deck (114):
1

Abnormal amount of fat on the body.

Obese

2

Slanting or inclined, neither perpendicular nor horizontal.

Oblique

3

Reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral, contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of a worker's duties.

Occupational Exposure

4

A governmental agency with the responsibility for regulation and enforcement. Agency may supersede the u.sheath matters for most United States employees; an individual state OSHA of safety and department of labor OSHA regulations.

Occupational Safety And Health Administration/ OSHA

5

Injection and drainage from one location.

One Point Injection

6

A cosmetic medium able to cover or hide skin discolorations.

Opaque Cosmetic

7

Any and all techniques to treat a problem area, excision, incision, wicking.

Operative Corrections

8

An optical instrument with an accompanying light that makes it possible to examine the retina and to explore for blood circulation.

Ophthalmoscope

9

Other possibly infectious material (or matter).

OPIM

10

The most favorable condition for functioning.

Optimum

11

The mouth and the vestibule, or the opening of the throat.

Oral Cavity

12

Entrance or outlet of any body cavity; an opening.

Orifice

13

The passage of solvent from a solution of lesser to one of greater solute concentration when the two solutions are separated by a semipermeable membrane.

Osmosis (Hindered Diffusion)

14

Preservation of the body's surface (to dry or harden lesions), or excisions and cavities, or of areas that received inadequate arterial preservative.

- Materials used:
- Surface packs
- Embalming powders
- Autopsy gels

Osmotic Embalming (Surface Embalming)

15

Method of eye closure in which the upper lid is placed on top of the lower lid.

Overlap

16

Liquids or gels, usually available in spray or pack form, which are generally used in cases of skin slip, ulcerations, and other surface involvements.

Pack Application/ Surface Application

17

Embalming instrument used in filling the external orifices of the body.

Packing Forceps

18

To examine by touch.

Palpate

19

A plastic garment which fits tightly around the waist and thighs of the deceased to guard against leakage and to avoid stains and odors.

Pants

20

Incision on the surface of the skin to raise the common carotid arteries, it is made along the posterior border of the inferior one-third of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

Parallel Incision

21

Substances which temporarily or permanently inhibits an enzyme's action.

Paralyzer or inactivator

22

Piercing mucous membranes or the skin barrier through such events as needlesticks, human bites, cuts and abrasions.

Parenteral

23

Embalming instrument used to hypodermically inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals.

Parietal Needle (hypo valve trocar)

24

In contaminated air, the parts of vapor or gas (formaldehyde) per million parts of air by volume; in solution the parts of chemical per million parts of solution.

Parts Per Million (PPM)

25

Occurs when venous drainage from an area is decreased.

Passive Capillary Congestion

26

Method by which solutes and/or solvents cross through a membrane with no energy provided by the cells of the membrane. In embalming, examples include:
- Pressure filtration
- Dialysis
- Diffusion
- Osmosis

Passive Transport System

27

Capable of producing disease.

Pathogenic

28

Diseased; due to a disease.

Pathological Condition

29

Antemortem discoloration that occurs during the course of certain diseases; gangrene and jaundice.

Pathological Discoloration

30

Substance able to destroy lice.

Pediculicide

31

Effected through unbroken skin.

Percutaneous

32

Chemicals found in embalming arterial formulations having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one. Historically called reodorants.

Perfuming agents (Masking agents)

33

To force a fluid through (an organ or tissue), especially by way of the blood vessels; injection during vascular (arterial) embalming.

Perfusion

34

Weakness in the extremities due to damage or degeneration of the peripheral nerves.

Peripheral Neuropathy

35

Inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane coat lining the abdominal cavity and investing the viscera.

Peritonitis

36

The maximum legal limits established by OSHA for regulated substances. These are based on employee exposure that are time-weighted over and eight-hour work shift. When these limits are exceeded, employers must take proper steps to reduce employee exposure for formaldehyde. The PEL is .75ppm.

Permissable Exposure Limit (PEL)

37

Those items of protection worn to minimize exposure to hazards; those items worn by the embalmer to avoid contact with blood and other body fluids.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

38

Agents destructive to adult forms of insect life.

Pesticide/Insecticide

39

Antemortem, pinpoint, extravascular blood discoloration visible as purplish hemorrhages of the skin.

Petechia

40

Degree of acidity or alkalinity. The scale ranges from 0 to 14, 0 being completely acid, 14 being completely basic, and 7 being neutral.
- Blood is 7.35-7.45

pH (Potential of Hydrogen)

41

Drugs or medicines.

Pharmaceutical Agents

42

An antiseptic employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach.

Phenol (carbolic acid)

43

The vertical groove located medially on the superior lip; a natural facial marking.

Philtrum

44

Extreme sensitivity to light.

Photophobia

45

A change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition.

Physical Change

46

Changes which are not primarily responsible for alterations in the chemical composition and properties of body substances.

Physical Postmortem Changes

47

Post-death alteration in the body that comprises a physical and chemical change.
- For example: rigor mortis, wherein there is a change in pH of the tissues and a stiffening of the muscles.

Physiochemical Postmortem Change

48

Condition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation.

Pitting Edema

49

Preparation room equipment used to reduce neck swelling by variable air pressure.

Pneumatic Collar

50

Acute infection or inflammation of the alveoli. The alveolar sacs fill up with fluid and dead white blood cells. Causes include bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

Pneumonia

51

General term used to denote any prolonged inhalation of mineral dust.

Pneumoconiosis

52

Any substance that imperils health or life when absorbed into the body.

Poison

53

Concerning the entrance to an organ, especially that through which the blood is carried to the liver.

Portal

54

Preparation room equipment for properly positioning bodies prior to, during, and after vascular embalming.

Positioning Devices

55

That time period after the arterial injection.

Postembalming

56

Toward the back.

Posterior

57

Established by drawing a line along the fold of skin which envelopes the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi muscle.

Posterior Boundary

58

Period that begins after somatic death.

Postmortem

59

An embalming instrument for aspirating liquid materials from the trunk cavity of autopsied cases.

Postmortem Aspirator (Autopsy Aspirator)

60

The changing of the blood from a liquid to a semisolid or from a semisolid to a sold.

Postmortem Blood Coagulation

61

The rise in temperature after death due to continued cellular metabolism.

Postmortem Caloricity

62

Change in the body's chemical composition that occurs after death.
i.e.:
- Decomposition
- Change in body pH
- Rigor mortis
- Postmortem stain
- Postmortem caloricity

Postmortem Chemical Changes

63

An examination after death of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition.

Postmortem Examination (autopsy, necropsy)

64

The period of time between death and embalming. The sooner embalming takes place the better results.

Postmortem Interval

65

A change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition.

Postmortem Physical Changes

66

Extravascular color change that occurs when heme, released by hemolysis of red blood cells, seeps through the vessel walls and into the body tissues.

Postmortem Stain (leaking)

67

Pure or drinkable water.

Potable Water

68

Contaminated or undrinkable water.

Non-potable Water

69

Degree of acidity or alkalinity. The scale ranges from 0 to 14, 0 being completely acid, 14 being completely basic, and 7 being neutral.
- Blood is 7.35-7.45

Potential of Hydrogen (pH)

70

The pressure indicated by the injector gauge needle when the injector motor is running and the arterial tubing is clamped off.

Potential Pressure

71

Those sealing compounds which are used within vascular incisions, wounds, ulcerations, or other moist areas of the body.

Powders

72

Embalming equipment used to inject a substance into the mouth, giving the deceased a more lifelike appearance by filling out the mouth.

Poze Injector

73

A substance bringing about precipitation.

-The oxalates formally used in water conditioning chemicals are now illegal because of the poisonous nature to the embalmer.

Precipitant

74

The injection of a specialized chemical prior to the injection of a routine arterial chemical.

Preinjection

75

Fluid injected primarily to prepare the vascular system and body tissues for the injection or preservative vascular (arterial) solution. This solution is injected before the preservative vascular solution is injected.

Preinjection Fluid

76

The area or facility wherein embalming, dressing, cosmetizing, or other body preparation are effected.

Preparation Room

77

The science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition.

Preservation (Temporary Preservation)

78

Chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon decomposition which such bacteria thrive, and which will arrest by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissue to form less susceptible to decomposition.

Preservative (Fixers)

79

Amount of preservative (formaldehyde) required to effectively preserve remains.
- Depends on the condition of the tissues as determined by the embalming analysis.

Preservative Demand (Formaldehyde Demand)

80

Chemical in powder form; typically used for surface embalming of the remains.

Preservative Powder

81

The action of a force against an opposing force (a force applied or acting against resistance).
- Actual
- Blood
- Differential
- Injection
- Intravascular
- Potential

Pressure

82

The pressure which is indicated by the injector gauge needled when the arterial tube is open and the arterial solution is flowing into the body.

Actual Pressure

83

The pressure exerted by the blood on the vessel walls measured in millimeters of mercury.

Blood Pressure

84

The difference between potential and actual pressure.

Differential Pressure

85

The amount of pressure produced by an injection device to overcome initial resistance within (intravascular) or on (extravascular) the vascular system. (arterial or venous)

Injection Pressure

86

Pressure developed as the flow of embalming solution is established and the elastic arterial walls expand and then contract, resulting in filling of the capillary beds and the development of pressure filtration.

Intravascular Pressure

87

The pressure indicated by the injector gauge needle when the injector motor is running and the arterial tubing is clamped off.

Potential Pressure

88

A motorized injector used to create positive pressure as required in vascular embalming.

Pressure Embalming Machine

89

Positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming solution through the capillary causing the passage of embalming fluid from an intravascular to a wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids, extravascular position.

Pressure Filtration

90

The dilution attained as the embalming solution is mixed in the embalming machine.

Primary Dilution

91

Disinfection carried out prior to the embalming process.

Primary Disinfection

92

Vein or veins initially selected for use in the embalming procedure.

Primary Drainage Site

93

A period immediately following death and before rigor mortis occurs, where the muscles of the body are limp and flaccid.

Primary Flaccidity

94

Fluid injected primarily to prepare the vascular system and body tissues for the injection of the preservative vascular (arterial) solution, This solution is injected before the preservative vascular solution is injected.

Primary Injection Fluid (preinjection fluid)

95

Artery or arteries initially selected for use in the embalming procedure.

Primary Injection Site

96

The person who has the legal right/custody of the body and can choose whatever type of final disposition.

Primary Right of Disposition (PRD)

97

Small proteinaceous infectious agents (particles) which almost certainly do not have a nucleic acid genome and therefore resist inactivation by procedures that modify nucleic acids.
- Diseases caused by these are often called spongiform encephalopathies because of the post mortem appearance of he brain with large vacuoles in the cortex and cerebellum.

Prion

98

As related to decomposition, the conversion of fatty tissues of the body into a soapy waxy substance called adipocere or grave wax.

Saponification (Process of Soap Formation)

99

The recovery or organs or tissues from a cadaver for transplantation purposes.

Procurement

100

Projection of the jaw or jaws that may cause problems with mouth closure alignment of the teeth.

Prognathism

101

Tending to ward off disease, preventative.

Prophylactic

102

Organic compound found in plants and animals; can be broken down into amino acids.

Protein

103

Decomposition of proteins.

Proteolysis

104

The state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting.

Protrusion

105

A part that is prominent beyond a surface, like a knob.

Protuberance

106

Any one of a group of nitrogenous organic compounds formed by the action of putrefactive bacterial on proteins.
- Indole
- Skatole
- Cadaverine
- Putrescine

Ptomaine

107

The fibrocartilage that joins the two pubic bones in the median plane.

Pubic symphysis

108

A hole or wound resulting from piercing.

Puncture

109

Postmortem evacuation of any substance from an external orifice of the body as a result of pressure.

Purge

110

A suture made around the circumference of a circular opening or puncture to close it or to hold the margins in position.

Pure String Suture

111

Liquid product of inflammation containing various proteins and leukocytes.

Pus

112

Characteristic pus-filled structure of a disease, such as smallpox, syphilis, and acne.

Pustular Lesion

113

Small elevation of the skin with an inflamed base, containing pus.

Pustule

114

Decomposition of proteins by the action of enzymes from anaerobic bacteria.

Putrefaction

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