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Flashcards in Vocabulary D Deck (62):
1

Italian Sculptor and painted produced anatomical plates; injected the arterial system for preservation of anatomical specimens.

Da Vinci, Leonardo (1452-1519)

2

Irreversible cessation of all vital functions (nonlegal definition).

Death

3

A list of dead to be prayed for.

Death Bill

4

A luminous appearance like a candle flame, superstitiously thought to prestage death.

Death Candle

5

A kind of ignis fatuus (glow) supposed to forebode death.

Death Fire

6

Stroke or tolling of a death bell.

Death Kneel

7

A relation or ratio of the number of deaths, for a given period, to the total population.

Death Rate

8

Noise made by a moribund person caused by air passing though a residue of mucous in the trachea and posterior oral cavity.

Death Rattle

9

The semi-convulsive twitches which often occur before death.

Death Struggle

10

Spasm of death.

Death Throe

11

Signal of approaching death.

Death token

12

A condition in which the muscles become rigidly fixed, the body becomes pale and cold, pulse and respiration are feeble.

Death Trance

13

A small weight, such as a penny, laid on the eyelids to keep them closed.

Death Weight

14

One liable to death, a mortal.

Deathling

15

Decomposition of proteins by enzymes of aerobic bacteria.

Decay

16

Separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial and/or autolytic enzymes.

Decomposition

17

Inactivation or removal or microbial toxins, as well as living microbial pathogens themselves.

Decontamination

18

Below the surface.

Deep

19

Loss of moisture from the body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem. (antemortem febrile disease, diarrhea or emesis, postmortem injection of embalming solution or through absorption of the air).

Dehydration

20

A protein whose structure has been changed by physical or chemical agents.

Denatured Protein

21

An expression of the definition of mammals. The number of teeth are given in form of a fraction, with the number of upper teeth over the number or lower teeth. Using I for incisor, C for canine, B for bicuspid, PM for premolar, and M for molar, the dental formula of man is:
2-2 1-1 2-2 3-3 = 32
2-2 1-1 2-2 3-3
i c b or m pm

Dental Formula

22

Oblique insertion of the teeth.

Dental prognathism (buck teeth)

23

One of several methods used for mouth closure.

Dental Tie

24

Chemicals having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant oder so that it is converted to a more pleasant one.

Deodorant/Masking Agents/Perfuming Agents

25

The deep later of skin under the epidermis.

Derma (Dermis, skin, corium, true skin)

26

General inflammation of the skin.

Dermatitis

27

A disease or disorder of the skin.

Dermatosis

28

Rendered throughly dry, exhausted of moisture.

Desiccation

29

Areas of embalmed tissue where excessive dehydration has occurred.

Desiccation Marks

30

Sloughing off of the epidermis, wherein there is a separation of the epidermis from the underlying dermis formally referred to as skin slip.

Desquamation (skin slip)

31

A variation from the common or established.

Deviations

32

A vascular incision made on vessels by cutting in an oblique or slanting direction.

Diagonal Incision

33

The condition of the heart being enlarged, occurring normally, artificially, or as a result of disease.

Dilatation (dilation)

34

Separation of substances in solution by the difference in their rates of diffusion though a semipermeable membrane.

Dialysis (Selective diffusion)

35

Relaxation phase of the heart action, or beat.

Diastole

36

The difference between potential and actual pressure.

Differential Pressure

37

The movement of molecules or other particles in solution from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration until uniform concentration is reached.

Diffusion

38

Passage of some components of the injected embalming solution from an intravascular to extravascular location; movements of he embalming solutions from the capillaries into the interstitial fluids.

Diffusion Solution

39

Anatomical term describing fingers and toes; the thumb is #1 for each hand and the large toe is #1 for each foot.

Digits

40

Substance thinned or reduced in concentration; a cosmetic lessened in brillance.

Dilution

41

An acute infectious disease characterized by the formation of a false membrane on any mucous surface.

Diphtheria

42

Disjoining of bones.

Disarticulate

43

Unchecked putrefaction eventually results in a complete breakdown and disappearance of all bodily structures, especially the bones.

Disintegration

44

Any abnormal color in or upon the human body.

Discoloration

45

Any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of a body part, organ, or system.

Disease

46

Act of cutting apart, distend. To expand or swell.

Dissection

47

An agent, usually chemical, applied to inanimate objects/surfaces to destroy disease causing microbial agents, but usually not bacterial spores.

Disinfectant

48

The destruction and/or inhibition of most pathogenic organisms and their products in or on the body.

Disinfection

49

State of stretching out of becoming inflated.

Distension (Swelling)

50

The movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial system and into the capillaries.

Distribution solution

51

A state of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position.

Distortion

52

Posterior, toward the back; opposite of anterior.

Dorsal

53

A wooden or metal rod used as an armature.

Dowel

54

Tubular instrument of varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger, that is inserted into a vein to aid in drainage of blood and to restrict the exit of vascular embalming solution.

Drain Tube

55

Discharge or withdrawal of blood, interstitial fluid and embalming fluids from the body during vascular embalming. Usually removed through a vein of the body.

Drainage

56

An embalming instrument which allows the removal or blood from the body without using the conventional drain tube.

Drainage Forceps

57

OSHA required safety device for a release of copious amount of water in a short time.

Drench Shower

58

Preparation room equipment which is specifically designed for the dressing of the deceased.

Dressing Table

59

Antemortem discolorations resulting from the administration of drug or chemotherapeutic agents.

Drug Discolorations

60

Condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed.

Dry Gangrene

61

Substances which will, upon being dissolved, impart a definite color to the embalming solution. Dyes are classified as to their capacity to permanently impart color to the tissue of the body onto which they are injected.

Dye (coloring agent)

62

Difficult or painful breathing.

Dyspnea

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