Vocabulary C Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary C Deck (95):
1

General deterioration of the body; a state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. It may occur in many chronic diseases as certain malignancies and advanced pulmonary tuberculosis.

Cachexia (wasting syndrome)

2

Dead human body used for medical purposes: including transplantation, anatomical dissection, and study.

Cadaver

3

A cancer-causing chemical or material.

Carcinogen

4

A disease with a more or less slow onset and long duration.

Chronic

5

Postmortem, intravascular, red-blue discoloration resulting from hypostasis of blood. Can usually be cleared via arterial injection and drainage.

Cadaveric Lividity

6

A prolongation of the last violent contraction of the muscles into the rigidity of death.

Cadaveric spasm (instantaneous rigor mortis)

7

The dome-like superior portion of the cranium; that portion removed during cranial autopsy.

Calvarium

8

A device used as a means of fastening the calvarium after a cranial autopsy.

Calvarium Clamp

9

Special needles which are used to anchor the calvaria securely in the head of autopsied cases and is applied with a needle injector.

Calvarium Needles

10

Formation of new channels in a tissue.

Canalization

11

Any malignant neoplasm marked by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.

Cancer

12

A tube used to inject embalming fluid into the body vascular system.

Cannula (arterial tube)

13

Minute blood vessels, the walls of which comprise a single layer or endothelial cells. Capillaries connect the smallest arteries (arteriole) with the smallest veins (Venule) and are where pressure filtration occurs.

Capillaries

14

Ability of substances to diffuse through capillary walls into the tissue spaces.

Capillary Permeability

15

Plastic protective garment designed to cover the legs, buttocks, and abdomen. A combination of pants and stockings.

Capri Garment

16

A compound of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen; sugars, starches, and glycogen.

Carbohydrate

17

An antiseptic/disinfectant employed to dry moist tissue and to bleach.

Carbolic acid (Phenol)

18

Circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that ends in suppuration and is accompanied by systemic symptoms, such as fever and leukocytosis; Several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissue.

Carbuncle

19

A cancer-causing chemical or material.

Carcinogen

20

A specialized type of dense connective tissue; attached to the ends of bones and forming parts of structures, such as the nasal septum and the framework of the ear.

Cartilage

21

The total sum of those considerations given the case at hand, beginning before the embalming procedure is begun and continuing throughout the operation.

Case Analysis

22

A condition in which the vital signs of life are feebly maintained and there is a waxy rigidity of the body.

Catalepsy

23

A chemical capable of drying tissues by searing; caustic.

Cauterizing agent

24

The formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis.

Cavitation

25

A hallow place or area.

Cavity

26

Direct treatment, other than vascular (arterial) injection, of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera; usually accompanied by aspiration and injection.

Cavity Embalming (Cavity treatment)

27

Embalming chemicals which are injected into the cavities of the body following the aspiration in cavity embalming. Cavity fluid can also be used as the chemical in hypodermic and surface embalming.

Cavity Fluid

28

An embalming instrument which is connected to a bottle of cavity fluid to aid in injecting the cavity fluid into the various cavities of the body.

Cavity Injector

29

Death of the individual cells of the body.

Cellular Death

30

Ascending and/or arch of the aorta.

Center of Fluid Distribution

31

Right atrium of the heart.

Center of Venous Drainage

32

Embalming machine that uses an electrical pump to create pressure either pulsating or non-pulsating.

Centrifugal Force Machine (Modern embalming machine)

33

A major agency of the Department of Health and Human Services, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, concerned with all phases of control of communicable, vector-borne, and occupational diseases.

Center For Disease Control And Prevention/CDCP (CDC)

34

Restorative treatment usually accompanied by aspiration, gravitation, or external pressure to remove gasses or excess liquids from tissues; passages are made through the tissues with a scalpel, hypodermic needle, or trocar.

Channeling

35

Substances that bind metallic ions such as EDTA- (Ethylenediamine-tetraceticacid) used as an anticoagulant in embalming solutions.

Chelate

36

Dehydration caused by using too harsh of an arterial solution to embalm a dead human body.

Chemical Evaporation

37

A change in the body's chemical composition that occurs after death such as hemolysis.

Chemical Postmortem Change

38

The application of chemical regents in the treatment of disease in humans, causing an elevated preservation demand.

Chemotherapy

39

A blood clot which contains all of the blood elements with red and white blood cells separated into distinct layers.

Chicken Fat Clot

40

One of several methods used for mouth closure (antiquated).

Chin Rest

41

A disease with a more or less slow onset and long duration.

Chronic

42

The means by which a pathogen is passed from host to host.

Circle of Transmission

43

An influential person in medical embalming who published a book about a method of embalming without evisceration (German).

Clauderus, Gabrial (Late 17th C.)

44

A phase of somatic death lasting from 5-6 minutes during which life by be restored.

Clinical Death

45

Drainage procedure that limits the exposure of the embalmer in the drainage. Tubing is attached to a drain tube allowing drainage to flow directly from a vein into a sanitary disposal system. Tubing may also be attached to a tracer and aspirator allowing drainage to be taken from the right atrium of the heart to the sanitary disposal system.

Closed System Drainage

46

Anaerobic, saprophytic, spore-forming bacterium responsible for tissue gas. Referred to as gas bacillus.

Clostridium perfringens

47

Chemical and physical agents that bring about coagulation.

Coagulating agents

48

The process of converting soluble proteins to insoluble protein by heating or contact with a chemical such as an alcohol or aldehyde. The solidification of a sol into a gelatinous mass Aggluntination is a specific form of coagulation.

Coagulation

49

Substances which increase the activity of enzymes.

Co-enzymes or accelerators

50

The injection of a specialized chemical in conjunction with the routine arterial chemical.

Coinjection

51

A fluid used primarily to supplement and enhance the action of vascular (arterial) solutions.

Coinjection Fluid

52

A condition which occurs in dead bodies when exposed to temperatures near or below the freezing point, thus causing the tissues to become firm and rigid.

Cold Stiffening

53

Microorganisms (Colon Bacillis) found normally in the colon.

Coliform Organisms

54

Bacterial inhabitants of the colon.

Coli-flora

55

The part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.

Colon

56

A solution-like system in which the size of the soluble particle is between 1 and 100 nanometers. Particles of solute pass through filters but not membranes.

Colloid

57

The irreversible cessation of brain activity and loss of consciousness; death beginning at the brain.

Coma

58

A method of creating injection pressure in which a bulb syringe is built into the tubing of the gravity percolator.

Combination Gravity Method and Bulb Syringe

59

Preparation room equipment which mat serve for both embalming and dressing human remains.

Combination Table

60

Disease that may be transmitted either directly or indirectly between individuals by an infectious agent.

Communicable Disease

61

A type of air pressure apparatus where air or CO2 is pumped from tanks into a fluid chamber to create pressure.

Compressed Air or Gas, CO2 Apparatus

62

A solution containing a relatively large amount of solute.

Concentrated Solution

63

Disinfection practices carried out during the embalming process.

Concurrent Disinfection

64

Method of drainage in which drainage occurs continuously during vascular (arterial) injection.

Concurrent Drainage

65

The immediate and temporary disturbance of brain function.

Concussion

66

Rounded articular process on a bone.

Condyle

67

The process of converting soluble protein to insoluble protein by heating r contact with a chemical such as an alcohol or aldehyde. The solidification of a sol into a gelatinous mass.
- Agglutination is a specific form of coagulation.

Congealing

68

Mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye.

Conjunctiva

69

To contract or compress.

Constrict

70

Disease that may be transmitted between individuals, with reference to the organism that causes a disease.

Contagious Disease

71

The presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item or surface.

Contaminated

72

Laundry which has been soiled with blood or other potentially infectious materials or may contain sharps.

Contaminated Laundry

73

Any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to, needles, scalpels, broken glass, and exposed ends of wires.

Contaminated Sharps

74

A bruse.

Contusion

75

Transparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior.

Cornea

76

That portion of the cornea recovered for transplantation in situ. The cornea and the sclera considered together comprising the tunica fibrosa or fibrous coat of the eye.

Corneal Sclera Button

77

Legal term referring to a dead body.

Corpse

78

An official of a local community who holds inquests concerning sudden, violent, and unexplained deaths.

Coroner

79

Having an abnormal amount of fat on the body.

Corpulence (Obesity)

80

Causing visible destruction of living tissue at point of contact.

Corrosive

81

Embalming fluid that contains dyes and coloring agents intended to restore a more natural skin tone through the embalming process.

Cosmetic Fluid

82

Dye that helps to cover internal discolorations such as jaundice.

Counter Staining Compound

83

Plastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh.

Coverall

84

Embalming aid used on cases with cranial autopsies to absorb seepage and prevent the soiling of the casket pillow.

Cranial Cap

85

The part of the human skull which encloses the brain.

Cranium

86

Method used to embalm the contents of the cranial cavity through aspiration and injection of the cranial chamber by passage of a tracer though the cribriform plate.

Cranial Embalming

87

Those elements remaining after cremation of a dead human body. AKA cremains. However, many professionals deem the term cremains slang and deem the term inappropriate to use in the funeral home.

Cremated Remains

88

Crackling sensation produced when gases trapped in tissues are palpated, as in subcutaneous emphysema.

Crepitation

89

A disease of the central nervous system with an unknown Etiology assumed to be a slow virus; because of the unknown etiology, care givers using invasive procedures use extreme caution.

Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease (CJD)

90

Thin, medial portion if the ethmoid bone of the skull.

Cribriform Plate

91

In embalming, the chemical joining of proteins brought about by the chemical reaction of aldehydes with different forms of nitrogen. Results in firmness of embalmed tissue.

Cross-Linkage of Proteins

92

A blood clot which contains all of the blood elements coagulated in an evenly mixed mass.

Current and/or Jelly Clot

93

A condition of skin puckering caused by the contraction of the erector pili.

Cutis Anserina (goosebumps)

94

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen.

Cyanosis

95

A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid.

Cyst

Decks in Embalming Class (61):