Flashcards in Vocabulary H, I Deck (100):
Equipment used to dry the hair of the deceased and is made specifically for mortuary use.
An incision on the surface of the skin used when raising the common carotid arteries. It is made from the center of one clavicle by a curve to the center of the other clavicle.
Half Moon Incision (semi-lunar incision)
Preparation room item used for scrubbing, cleaning, and disinfection purposes.
Historical instrument resembling a large hypodermic syringe attached to a bottle apparatus; used to create either pressure or injection or vacuum for aspiration.
Water containing large amounts of mineral salts. The water (vehicle) to be used in mixing vascular embalming solutions should have mineral salts removed or sequestered.
Chemical in powder form that has the ability to absorb and to disinfect. Often used in cavity treatment of autopsied bodies.
An influential person in medical embalming who translated Gannal's text into English and promoted embalming for sanitary purposes. (American)
Harlan, Richard (1796-1843)
An influential person in medical embalming who discovered the circulation of blood. (British)
Harvey, Dr. William (1578-1657)
OSHA regulation that deals with identifying and limiting exposure to occupational hazards.
Hazard Communication Standard/Rule
An agent or material exposing one to risk.
Piece of equipment used to maintain the head in the proper position during the embalming process.
A direct method of drain accompanied by inserting a trocar into the right atrium of the heart.
A more or less permanent coagulation and stiffening of tissues as a result of exposure to very high temperatures which are constantly above 120 degrees F.
Blood present in vomitus; vomiting blood from the stomach.
A swelling or mass of clotted blood confined to an organ or space caused by a ruptured blood vessel.
Discharge of red blood cells in urine.
The non protein portion of hemoglobin; the red pigment of the hemoglobin.
The red respiratory portion of red blood cells; iron containing pigment of red blood cells functioning to carry oxygen to cells.
Destruction of red blood cells that liberates hemoglobin.
Blood in sputum.
An embalming instrument used to clamp vessels.
Inflammation of the liver. It may be caused by a variety of agents, including viral infections, bacterial invasion, and physical or chemical agents. It is usually accompanied by fever, jaundice, and an enlarged liver.
Formally called infectious hepatitis. It is caused by the enterically transmitted (oral-fecal route).
Hepatitis A (HAV)
Severe infectious bloodborne virus.
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
Spread by contaminated blood or body fluids.
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
A bloodborne virus, it can only exist in combination with the hepatitis B virus. HBV vaccine will offer protection against HDV.
Hepatitis D Virus (HDV)
Transmitted by contaminated water and human waste.
Hepatitis E virus (HEY)
A bloodborne virus.
Hepatitis G Virus (HGV)
Airtight seal, associated with Ziegler cases or soldered containers.
An inflammatory skin disease marked by small vesicles in clusters, usually restricted to diseases caused by Herpes virus.
Embalming fluids with a high formaldehyde content used on extremely difficult cases in which the embalmer may encounter or on cases in which the embalmer desires a great degree of rigidity. Generally 30-36+ index.
High Index Arterial Fluid
Special vascular (arterial) fluid with a high HCHO content.
High Preservation Demand Fluids
Having a relatively low lethal dose.
An influential person in medical embalming who is regarded as the "Father of modern embalming" and "father of embalming in the United States." (American)
Holmes, Dr. Thomas (1817-1900)
Roughly U-shaped with the front being narrower than the sweep of the curve. The shape of the mouth is horseshoe shape/curve.
A 5% sodium hypochlorite solution; twelve ounces of household bleach with 116 ounces of water yields one gallon of 10% household bleach solution. (5,000ppm sodium hypochlorite).
Preparation room equipment used to hold tubing in place on the embalming table.
A type of retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Body of a deceased person, including cremated remains.
Chemical that increases the ability of the embalmed tissue to retain moisture.
An influential person in the medical embalming who is acknowledged as the first person to successfully adopt a method of arterial injection to preserve. (Scottish)
Hunter, Dr. William (1718-1783)
Shaped as a bend wood weapon with a central belly; resembling a cupid's bow. Shape of the attached margin of the upper red lip; shape of the lip line of closure.
A type of air pressure apparatus which is a fluid power driven machine working by the force of a moving liquid.
Apparatus that is connected to the water supply; when the water is turned on a suction is developed and is used to aspirate the contents of the body's cavities.
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in a saclike structure, especially the scrotal sac.
Abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluids in the ventricles of the brain.
Reaction in which water is one of the reactants and compounds are often broken down. In the hydrolysis of proteins, the addition of water accompanied by action of enzymes results in the breakdown of protein into amino acids.
Distention of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as a result of obstruction.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity.
Absorbing moisture readily.
The increase in size of an organ or part due to the excessive but regulated increase in the number of its cells.
A solution having a greater concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared.
A diminished, or lowered, coagulability of blood.
The enlargement of an organ or part due to the increase in size of cells composing it.
Injection of embalming chemicals directly into tissues through the use of a syringe and needle or trocar.
Underdevelopment of a tissue, organ, or the body.
Antemortem and or postmortem settling of blood and/or other fluids to dependent portions of the body.
A solution having a lesser concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared.
Embalming instrument used to hypodermically inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals.
Hypo Valve Trocar (parietal needle)
Internal Agency for Research on Cancer.
That pressure which just overcomes the vascular resistance in the body and causes the arterial solution to enter the body at a moderate and uniform rate.
Ideal Injection Pressure
Absorption of the fluid portion of blood by the tissues after death resulting in postmortem edema.
A clean cut made with a sharp instrument; in embalming, a cute made with a scalpel to raise arteries and veins.
The strength of embalming fluids indicated by the number of grams of pure Formaldehyde gas dissolved in 100ml of water. Index usually refers to percentage; an embalming fluid with an index of 25 usually contains 25% formaldehyde.
Tests for death which can be administered by any layperson and is generally regarded as not being reliable.
Inexpert Tests For Death
A child less than 1 year of age.
A short hallow tubular instrument with a sharp point. Used for aspiration and injection of an infant's thoracic and abdominal cavities.
The formation of an area of necrosis in a tissue caused by obstruction in the after supplying the area.
The state or condition in which the body or part of it is invaded by a pathogenic agent that, under favorable conditions, multiplies and produces injurious effects.
Disease caused by the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in the body.
Biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans.
From a given reference toward the feet.
The process of seepage or diffusion into tissue of substances that are not ordinarily present.
The reaction of the tissues to injurious agents, usually characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain.
Anatomical structure forming the base of the femoral triangle; extends from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic tubercle.
The act or instance of forcing a fluid into the vascular system or directly into the tissues.
The amount of pressure produced by an injection device to overcome initial resistance within (intravascular) or on (extravascular) the vascular system (arterial or venous).
A preparation aid used in mouth closure. It is inserted into a needle injector and forced into the mandible and maxilla.
Eminence at the medial corner of the closed eyelids.
A compound consisting of iodine combined with a carrier, such as polyvinylpyrrolidone, often used as a preoperative skin disinfectant.
A type of suture used to close incisions in such a manner, that the ligature remains entirely under the epidermis.
Intradermal Suture (Hidden stitch)
Molecules of a compound in which the atoms have a slightly different configuration.
Injection of a very strong arterial fluid (often waterless) under relatively high pressure into head and face through both common carotid arteries to effect preservation and disinfection while minimizing swelling.
Istant Tissue Fixation (Head Freeze)
The immediate stiffening of the muscles of a dead human body.
Instantaneous Rigor Mortis (Cadaveric spasm)
Between the cells of a structure.
Space between the ribs.
Method of drainage in which the drainage is stopped at intervals while the injection continues a type of restricted drainage.
Fluid in the supporting connective tissues surrounding body cells (about one-fifth the body weight).
Within a cell or cells.
Fluid inside cells of the body (constituting about one-half of the body weight),
Within the blood vascular system.
Pressure developed as the flow of embalming solution is established and the elastic arterial walls expand and then contract, resulting in filling of the capillary beds and development of pressure filtration.
From within the body.
Combination of iodine and a solubilizing agent or carrier that liberates free iodine in a solution; a chemical disinfectant.
Reduction in arterial blood supply.
Condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries and not the veins are obstructed.
Ischemic Necrosis (Dry Gangrene)
A solution having an equal concentration of dissolved solute to that of a standard of reference.