As the aorta leaves the heart, the upward part is called the ascending aorta. The curved part is called the arch of the aorta and the descending part, down to the diaphragm, is called the ______ _____.
The throacic aorta has many small branches which may be divided into two main groups, the 1. ____ ____, which supply blood to the viscera of the chest and the 2. ____ ____ which supply blood to the walls of the chest cavity.
- Visceral Arteries
- Parietal Arteries
The visceral arteries branching from the thoracic aorta are the 1. ____ ____, the 2. ____ _____, and the 3._____ ______. Each branch extends to the structure named.
- Bronchial Arteries
- Esophageal Arteries
- Pericardial Arteries
The parietal arteries branching from the thoracic aorta are the 1. ____ ____ and the 2. ____ ____ _____.
- Intercostal Arteries
- Superior Phrenic Arteries
The intercostal arteries lead to the skin and muscles of the 1. _____ ____, while the superior phrenic arteries lead to the upper surface of the 2.______.
- Chest Wall
The blood flows from the thoracic aorta through the visceral and parietal arteries, though the arterioles and capillaries to the body parts and then into the ____ and ____.
Venules and Veins
From the upper surface of the diaphragm, the blood flows into the ____ ____ ____.
Superior Phrenic Veins
From the superior phrenic veins, the blood flows into the ___ _____ ____.
Left Innominate (Brachiocephalic) Vein
The blood flows from the pericardium through the
1. ___________ ____, and from the esophagus though the 2. __________ _____.
- Pericardial Veins
- Esophageal Veins
Both the espophageal veins and the pericardial veins empty into the ___ __________ ____.
Left Innominate Vein
From the left innominate vein the blood flows into the ____ ___ ____, and then to the right atrium of the heart.
Superior Vena Cava
The blood flows to the bronchi though the broncial arteries. The blood flows from the bronchi though the ____ _____.
The blood flows to the muscles and skin of the chest wall through the intercostal arteries and from there through the ____ _____.
The blood flows from the bronchial veins and from the intercostal veins through the ___ _____.
From the azygos vein the blood flows into the ___ ___ ____.
Superior Vena Cava
From the superior vena cava, the blood flows into the ___ ___.