Vocab for Exam 2 MORS 113 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab for Exam 2 MORS 113 Deck (150):
1

An embalming instrument for aspirating liquid materials from the trunk cavity of autopsied cases.

Postmortem-Autopsy Aspirator (Autopsy Aspirator)

2

A preparation room instrument used for the application of wax to the lips of the deceased as well as smoothing out wax on visible areas of the body.

Spatula (Regular)

3

Substance able to destroy lice.

Pediculicide

4

A vascular incision that is made lengthwise on a vessel.

Longitudinal Incision

5

Manipulation of tissue in the course of preparation of the body. Always move towards the heart.

Massage

6

Inactivation or removal of microbial toxins, as well as of living microbial pathogens themselves.

Decontamination

7

A minute, one celled form of life not distinguishable as to vegetable or animal nature.

Microbe (Microorganism)

8

Microorganisms (colon bacillus) found normally in the colon.

Coliform Organisms

9

A general term.
- The solidification of a solid into a gelatinous mass.
- This is a specific form of agglutination.

Tissue Coagulation

10

Thin, medial portion of the ethmoid bone of the skull.

Cribriform Plate

11

An embalming instrument used for cutting arteries and veins to enable insertion of the arterial tubes into the arteries and drain tubes into the veins.

Artery And Vein Scissors

12

Contraction phase of the heart action, or beat.

Systole

13

Condition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation.

Pitting Edema

14

Fluid outside or between the cells of the body.

Intercellular Fluid

15

Period that begins after somatic death.

Postmortem

16

An insect larva; especially flies.

Maggot

17

Drawing together, or a contraction, of gels which results in the giving off of water.

Syneresis

18

Decomposition of proteins by the action of enzymes from anaerobic bacteria.

Putrefaction

19

A process which is the result of capillary permeability changes, where the bacteria from the intestinal area of the body migrate to the blood vascular system and is spread throughout the body.

Agonal Bacterial Migration

20

In front of the elbow/in the bend of the elbow.

Antecubital

21

A diminished, or lowered, coagulability of blood.

Hypinosis

22

A clean cut made with a sharp instrument.
- In embalming, a cut made with a scalpel to raise arteries and veins.

Incision

23

Preparation room equipment used for scrubbing, cleaning, and disinfection purposes.

Hand Brush

24

The mouth and the vestibule, or the opening to the throat.

Oral Cavity

25

The true metabolic enzymes of bacterium.
- Produced within the bacterial cell wall.

Endoenzymes

26

Preparation room equipment on which human remains are placed for the embalming procedure.

Embalming Table

27

Localized abnormal dilation of out pocketing of a blood vessel resulting from a congenital defect or a weakness in a vessel wall.

Aneurysm

28

Fluid contained within vascular channels.
- About one-twentieth of the body weight.

Intravascular Fluid

29

Organelle that exists within a cell, but separate from the cell.
- Contains hydrolytic enzymes that break down proteins and certain carbohydrates.

Lysosome

30

An embalming instrument commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.

Stop Cock

31

The fibrocartilage that joints the two pubic bones in the median plane.

Pubic Symphysis

32

Intravascular: The increase of viscosity of blood brought about by the clumping of particulate formed elements in the blood vessels. Coagulation is a specific type of this.

Agglutination

33

A blood clot which contains all of the blood elements coagulated in an evenly mixed mass.

Current Clot (Jelly Clot, Cruor Clot)

34

A mark of desiccation.

Razor Burn (Razor Abrasion)

35

The non-protein portion of hemoglobin.
- The red pigment of the hemoglobin

Heme

36

Any and all techniques to treat a problem area.
- Excision, incision, wicking.

Operative Corrections

37

Bacterial inhabitants of the colon.

Coli-Flora

38

Preparation room instruments which are used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature.

Suturing Needles

39

A general purpose embalming instrument which is primarily used to spread incisions and to afford more working room.
- Can also be used to aid in eyecap insertion.

Retractor

40

An embalming instrument used to clamp vessels.

Hemostat/Lock Forceps

41

Enzymes which function outside of the bacterial cell wall.

Exoenzymes

42

The separation and pushing aside of the superficial fascia leading to blood vessels and then the deep fascia surrounding blood vessels.
- Utilizing manual techniques or round ended instruments which separate rather than cut the protective tissues.

Blunt Dissection

43

Bacterial that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter.

Saprophytic Bacteria

44

Preparation room equipment used to hold suturing needles and keep them in good condition.
- An instrument used to hold a suturing needle while suturing.

Needle Holder

45

Discharge or withdrawal of blood, interstitial fluid and embalming fluids from the body during vascular embalming.
- Usually removed through a vein of the body.

Drainage

46

Dehydration of the dead human body due to the movement of air over the body itself.

Surface Evaporation Swipe (Air Swipe)

47

An amorphous, nonvolatile solid or soft side substance, a natural exudation from plants.
- Any of a class of solid or soft organic compounds of natural or synthetic origin.

Resinous Substance

48

Instrument used to guide drainage tubes into veins.

Groove Director

49

A tube used to inject embalming fluid into the body vascular system.

Arterial Tube (Cannula)

50

Withdrawal of gas, fluids, and semi-solids from body cavities and hollow viscera by means of suction with an aspirator and a trocar.

Aspiration

51

Unchecked putrefaction eventually results in a complete breakdown and disappearance of all body structures, except the bones.

Disintegration

52

Extravasation of blood into a tissue.

Suggillation (Ecchymosis, Bruise, Contusion)

53

A vascular incision which is made by cutting a small triangular wedge from the wall of vessel.

Triangular Incision (Wedge Incision)

54

A period immediately following death and before rigor mortis occurs, where the muscles of the body are limp and flaccid.

Primary Flaccidity

55

A change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition.

Postmortem Physical Change

56

A vascular incision made at 90 degrees to the long axis of the vessel.

Transverse Incision

57

Death of the organism as a whole.

Functional Death (Somatic Death)

58

Embalming instrument used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils.

Nasal Tube Aspirator

59

The complete or extreme dehydration of a dead human body.

Mummification

60

Piece of equipment used to maintain the head in the proper position during the embalming process.

Head Rest

61

A prolongation of the last violent contraction of the muscles into the rigidity of death.

Cadaveric Spasm (Instantaneous Rigor Mortis)

62

Between the cells of a structure.

Intercellular

63

In the presence of free oxygen.

Aerobic

64

A vascular incision made on vessels by cutting in an oblique or slanting direction.

Diagonal Incision

65

Transparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior.

Cornea

66

Legal term referring to a dead body.

Corpse

67

Minute blood vessels.
- The walls of these comprise a single layer of endothelial cells.
- Connect the smallest arteries (arterioles) with the smallest veins (venules).
- This is where pressure filtration occurs

Capillaries

68

In the absence of free oxygen.

Anaerobic

69

Tubular instrument of varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger, that is inserted into the jugular vein to aid in drainage.

Jugular Drain Tube

70

An official of a local community who holds inquests concerning sudden, violent, and unexplained deaths.

Coroner

71

Preparation room item used to inject embalming chemicals and tissue builder into the body tissues.

Hypodermic Syringe and Needle

72

An incision on the surface of the skin used when raising the common carotid arteries.
- It is made from the center of one clavicle by a curve to the center of the other clavicle.

Half-Moon Incision (Semi-Lunar Incision)

73

A vascular incision created by making a short transverse incision at a right angle to the long axis of the vessel.
- Then with the point of the scissors inserted into the original opening, a second incision is made parallel to the long axis of the vessel.

T-Shaped Incision

74

- Resins combined with oil.
- A fragrant, resinous, oily exudate from various trees and plants.

Balsamic Substance

75

Capable of producing disease.

Pathogenic

76

The supporting connective tissues surrounding body cells.

Interstitial

77

- A bony protuberance.
- Can be palpated topographically
- Found in the ilium - The superior, broad portion of the hipbone
- The origin of the inguinal ligament and the sartorius muscle.

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine

78

Crackling sensation produced when gases trapped in tissues are palpated, as in subcutaneous emphysema.

Crepitation

79

Abnormal amount of fat on the body.

Obese (Corpulence)

80

An embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels, which has an eye in the hook portion of the instrument for placing ligatures around the vessels.

Aneurysm Needle

81

An embalming instrument which has multiple uses, especially in helping remove blood from the veins.

Angular Vein Forceps

82

Intravascular blood discoloration that occurs when arterial solution enters an area (such as the face), but due to blockage, blood and embalming solution are unable to drain from the area.

Flush (Flushing)

83

Fatty degeneration or thickening of the walls of the larger arteries occurring in atherosclerosis.

Atheroma

84

Treatment of the deceased in the attempt to recreate natural form and color.

Restoration

85

The cavity or opening of a vein, artery, or intestine.
- The further away they are, the smaller the opening becomes.

Lumen

86

The presence of bacteria in the blood.

Bacteremia

87

Space between the ribs.

Intercostal Space

88

Severe generalized edema.

Anasarca

89

Preparation room equipment used to pass a ligature underneath a raised vessel.

Thread Passer

90

Situated or occurring beneath the skin.

Subcutaneous

91

Vestibule of the oral cavity; the space between the lips, gums, and teeth.

Buccal Cavity

92

The examine by touch.

Palpate

93

Substances which increase the activity of enzymes.

Co-enzymes (Accelerators)

94

Mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye.

Conjunctiva

95

A multi-purpose embalming instrument.
- Commonly used for holding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment and closing the eyes.

Spring Forceps

96

Soft, whitish crumbly or greasy material that forms upon the postmortem hydrolysis and hydrogenation of body fats.

Adipocere (Grave Wax)

97

Fluid in the supporting connective tissues surrounding body cells.
- About one-fifth of the body weight.

Interstitial Fluid

98

An instrument which is used for cutting bandages and/or clothing off of the deceased.

Angular Bandage Scissors

99

The movement of blood from the heart and arteries into the capillaries and veins, which occurs at the moment of death.

Articulo-Mortis

100

Substances which temporarily or permanently inhibits an enzyme's action.

Paralyzer (Inactivator)

101

Decomposition of proteins by enzymes of aerobic bacteria.

Decay

102

From outside the body.

Extrinsic

103

The science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition.

Temporary Preservation (Preservation)

104

Deviation from the normal.

Anomalies

105

Notched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps.

Serrated

106

A multipurpose instrument used in the embalming process.

Angular Spring Forceps

107

An organic catalyst produced by living cells and capable of autolytic decomposition.

Enzyme

108

Agents destructive to adult forms of insect life.

Pesticide (Insecticide)

109

Equipment used to dry the hair of the deceased and is made specifically for mortuary use.

Hair Dryer

110

Organic compound found in plants and animals.
- Can be broken down into amino acids.

Protein

111

Relaxation phase of the heart action, or beat.

Diastole

112

The process of converting soluble protein to insoluble protein by heating or contact with a chemical such as an alcohol or an aldehyde.
- The solidification of a solid into a gelatinous mass.
- This is a specific form of agglutination.

Coagulation

113

Anaerobic, saprophytic, spore-forming bacterium responsible for tissue gas.
- Referred to as a gas bacillus.

Clostridium Perfringens

114

Arteriosclerosis cardiovascular disease

A.S.C.V.D.

115

The resistance to the flow of a liquid; the thickness of a liquid.

Viscosity

116

Circulatory network composed of the heart, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins.

Blood Vascular system

117

An embalming instrument used to maintain the elevation of the vessels above the surface of the skin.

Bone Separator (Separator)

118

To tie off an artery and vein upon completion of embalming.

Ligate

119

Embalming instrument used in filling the external orifices of the body.

Packing Forceps

120

A specific antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues.

Lysin

121

An embalming instrument which allows the removal of blood from the body without using the conventional drain tube.

Drainage Forceps

122

Preparation room equipment used to hold tubing in place on the embalming table.

Hose Holder

123

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen.

Cyanosis

124

Dead human body used for medical purposes: Including transplantation, anatomical dissection and study.

Cadaver

125

The term applied to a number of pathological conditions causing a thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries.

Arteriosclerosis

126

An embalming instrument whose purpose is to hold arterial tubes in the arteries.

Artery Fixation Forceps (2 hole or 3 hole clamp)

127

An agonal or postmortem redistribution of host microflora on a hostwide basis.

Translocation

128

Anatomical structure forming the base of the femoral triangle.
- Extends from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic tubercle.

Inguinal Ligament

129

The surroundings, conditions, or influences that affect an organism or the cells within an organism.

Environment

130

General deterioration of the body.
- A state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting.
- It may occur in many chronic diseases as certain malignancies and advanced pulmonary tuberculosis.

Cachexia (Wasting Syndrome)

131

An official elected or appointed to investigate suspicious or unnatural death.

Medical Examiner

132

The most favorable condition for functioning.

Optimum

133

Absorbing moisture readily.

Hygroscopic

134

Tubular instrument or varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger, that is inserted into a vein to aid in drainage of blood and to restrict the exit of vascular embalming solution.

Drain Tube

135

A direct method of drain accomplished by inserting a trocar into the right atrium of the heart.

Heart Tap

136

Building blocks of which proteins are constructed, and the end products of protein digestion or hydrolysis.
- Their basic formula is NH2-CHR-COOH
- An amino group, an alpha carbon, any aliphatic or aromatic radical, and a carboxyl group.

Amino Acid

137

Space between the roof of the mouth and the floor of the cranial cavity.

Nasal Cavity

138

Rounded articular process on a bone.

Condyle

139

A condition, which occurs after rigor mortis has left the body where the muscles of the body return to a state of limpness and flaccidity.

Secondary Flaccidity

140

Embalming instrument used to hypodermically inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals.

Hypo Valve Trocar (Parietal Needle)

141

Inner lining of the eye that receives the images formed by the lens and transmits those images to the brain through the optic nerve.

Retina

142

Degree of acidity or alkalinity.
- The scale ranges from 0-14
- 0 being completely acid
- 14 being completely basic
- 7 being neutral

- Blood has a level of 7.35-7.45

pH (Potential of Hydrogen)

143

Characterized by high fever, causing dehydration of the body.

Febrile

144

Substance used to kill insect larvae.

Larvicide

145

Ability of substances to diffuse through capillary walls into the tissue spaces.

Capillary Permeability

146

The means by which a pathogen is passed from host to host.

Circle of Transmission

147

An embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and is raising vessels.

Aneurysm Hook

148

Place of union between two or more bones.

Articulation

149

The changing of the blood from a liquid to a semi-solid or from a semi-solid to a solid.

Postmortem Blood Coagulation

150

Acute infection or inflammation of the alveoli.
- The alveolar sacs fill up with fluid and dead white blood cells.
- Causes: bacteria, fungi, viruses

Pneumonia

Decks in Embalming Class (61):