Chap 14, Lymphatic and Immune Systems, Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 14, Lymphatic and Immune Systems, Abbreviations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 14, Lymphatic and Immune Systems, Abbreviations Deck (25)
1

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

2

CD4+ cell

helper T cell

3

CD8+ cell

cytotoxic T cell

4

CMV

cytomegalovirus - causes opportunistic AIDS-related infection

5

Crypto

Cryptococcus - causes opportunistic AIDS-related infection

6

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay - test to detect anti-HIV antibodies

7

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus - causes AIDS

8

HSV

herpes simplex virus

9

KS

Kaposi sarcoma

10

PCP

Pneumocystis pneumonia - opportunistic AIDS-related infection

11

PI

protease inhibitor

12

RTI

reverse transcriptase inhibitor - for example zidovudine (Retrovir) or lamivudine (Epivir)

13

G-CSF

granulocyte colony-stimulating factor -- cytokine that promotes neutrophil production

14

GM-CSF

granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor -- cytokine secreted by macrophages to promote growth of myeloid progenitor cells and their differentiation to granulocytes

15

HAART

highly active antiretroviral therapy -- use of combinations of drugs that are effective against AIDS patients

16

HD

Hodgkin disease

17

Histo

histoplasmosis -- fungal infection seen in AIDS patients

18

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

immunoglobulins

19

IL1 to IL15

interleukins

20

MAI (Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, MAI)

mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) complex -- group of pathogens that cause lung and systemic disease in immunocompromised patients

21

MoAb

monoclonal antibody

22

NHL

non-Hodgkin lymphoma

23

SCID

severe combined immunodeficiency disease

24

Treg

regulatory T cell (suppressor T cell)

25

Toxo

toxoplasmosis -- parasitic infection associated with AIDS

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