Chap 18, Abnormal Conditions of the Endocrine Glands Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 18, Abnormal Conditions of the Endocrine Glands > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 18, Abnormal Conditions of the Endocrine Glands Deck (7)
1

Adrenal Cortex

Hypersecretion: Adrenal virilism; Cushing syndrome

Hyposecretion: Addison disease

2

Adrenal Medulla

Hypersecretion: Pheochromocytoma

3

Pancreas

Hypersecretion: Hyperinsulinism

Hyposecretion: Diabetes mellitus

4

Parathyroid glands

Hypersecretion: Hyperparathyroidism (hypercalcemia, osteoporosis, kidney stones)

Hyposecretion: Hypoparathyroidism (tetany, hypocalcemia)

5

Pituitary - anterior lobe (adenohypophysis)

Hypersecretion: Acromegaly; Gigantism

Hyposecretion: Dwarfism, Panhypopituitarism

6

Pituitary - posterior lobe (neurohypophysis)

Hypersecretion: Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)

Hyposecretion: Diabetes insipidus

7

Thyroid gland

Hypersecretion: Exophthalmic goiter (graves disease, thyrotoxicosis); Nodular (adenomatous) goiter.

Hyposecretion: Cretinism (children); Endemic goiter; Myxedema (adults)

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