Chap 18, Endocrine System, Terminology, Combining Forms: Glands Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 18, Endocrine System, Terminology, Combining Forms: Glands > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 18, Endocrine System, Terminology, Combining Forms: Glands Deck (16)
1

aden/o

gland

2

adenectomy

Removal of a gland.

3

adrenal/o

adrenal gland

4

adrenalectomy

Removal of an adrenal gland

5

gonad/o

sex glands (ovaries and testes)

6

gonadotropin

Hormone that is secreted by the pituitary gland and acts on the gonads (ovaries and testes).

Here, -tropin means to act on. Gonadotropins act on (stimulate) gonads. Examples of gonadotropins are follicle-stimulating (FSH) and luteinizing (LH), secreted by the pituitary gland.

7

hypogonadism

Condition of decreased function of the gonads, with decreased growth and sexual development.

Deficiency of gonadotropins can produce hypogonadism.

8

pancreat/o

pancreas

9

pancreatectomy

Removal of the pancreas.

10

parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

11

parathyroidectomy

Removal of the parathyroid glands.

12

pituitar/o

pituitary gland; hypophysis

13

hypopituitarism

Condition resulting from decreased secretion by the pituitary gland.

Pituitary dwarfism is caused by hypopituitarism.

14

thyr/o, thyroid/o

thyroid gland

15

thyrotropic hormone

Secreted by the anterior pituitary gland (adenohypophysis) that acts on the thyroid gland. (TSH) thyroid stimulating hormone is a thyrotropic hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland the adenohypophysis.

16

thyroiditis

Inflammation of the thyroid gland. May result from bacterial or viral infection, or an autoimmune reaction. Symptoms are throat pain, swelling, tenderness, and signs of hyperthyroidism. The condition may progress to destruction of the thyroid gland and hypothyroidism. In Hashimoto disease, or autoimmune thyroiditis, antibodies trigger lymphocytes to destroy follicular cells in the thyroid gland, producing hypothyroidism.

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