Chap 20, Abbreviations, Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 20, Abbreviations, Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Deck (35)
1

Angio

angiography

2

AP

anteroposterior

3

Ba

barium

4

BE

barium enema

5

C-spine

cervical spine

6

CT

computed tomography

7

CXR

chest x-ray (film)

8

Decub

decubitus -- lying down

9

DICOM

digital image communication in medicine -- standard protocol for transmission between imaging devices (e.g., CT scans and PACS workstations)

10

DI

diagnostic imaging

11

ECHO

echocardiography

12

EUS

endoscopic ultrasonography

13

IVP

intravenous pyelogram (of renal pelvis)

14

KUB

kidneys-ureters-bladder (series) -- x-ray imaging of these organs without contrast medium.

15

LAT

lateral (L or R, left or right)

16

MR, MRI

magnetic resonance, magnetic resonance imaging

17

MRA

magnetic resonance angiography

18

MRV

magnetic resonance venography

19

MUGA

multiple-gated acquisition (scan) -- radioactive test to show heart function

20

PA

posteroanterior

21

PACS

picture archival and communications system -- replacement of traditional films with digital equivalents that can be accessed from several places and retrieved more rapidly

22

PET

positron emission tomography

23

PET/CT

positron emission tomography/computed tomography -- both studies are performed using a single machine

24

RAIU

radioactive iodine uptake (test) -- evaluates the function of the thyroid gland

25

SBFT

small bowel follow-through

26

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography -- radioactive substances and a computer are used to create 3D images

27

Tc-99m

radioactive technetium -- used in heart, brain, thyroid, liver, bone, and lung scans

28

TL-201

thallium-201 -- radioisotope used in scanning heart muscle

29

T-spine

thoracic spine

30

UGI

upper gastrointestinal (series)

31

US, U/S

ultrasound; ultrasonography

32

V/Q scan

ventilation-perfusion scan of the lungs (Q stands for rate of blood flow or blood volume)

33

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

34

RIA

radioimmunoassay

35

Dx

diagnosis

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