DD- DERM PBL Flashcards Preview

BL/DD USMLE and Basics > DD- DERM PBL > Flashcards

Flashcards in DD- DERM PBL Deck (19):
1

a connective-tissue disease that is characterized by inflammation of the muscles and the skin.

Dermatomyositis (DM)

2

Dermatomyositis s/s

main symptoms include skin rash and symmetric proximal muscle weakness

3

______ findings occur in dermatomyositis but not PM and are generally present at diagnosis.

Skin

4

In DM, usually ____ presents first

skin symptoms (before muscle)

5

DM is a ______ disorder

autoimmune

6

______ (also in PM) refers to rough, cracked skin at the tips and lateral aspects of the fingers forming irregular dirty-appearing lines that resemble those seen in a laborer

Mechanic's hands

7

a diffuse, flat, erythematous lesion over the back and shoulders or in a "V" over the posterior neck and back or neck and upper chest, which worsens with UV light

V sign or Shawl Sign, present in DM

8

Erythematousraised papules overlying the metacarpal and interphalangeal joints

Gottron's papules

9

facial erythema with facial edema and scale represents a recent disease flare in an adult patient with dermatomyositis.

Malar and facial erythema

10

DM is likely triggered by

autoimmune

malignancy , infection, drug related

11

DM age?

Kids and adults

12

Systemic DM

myopathy
pulm disease
malignancy
calcinosis

13

High blood levels of _______ are often present in dermatomyositis or polymyositis

Creatine kinase (CPK)

14

Confluent macular erythema confined to the upper eyelid, with associated periorbital edema.

Heliotrope
present in DM

15

Lupus rash will spare the ______, DM will not

knuckles
DM is also itchy

16

____ infiltrates in DM

CD4 T cells

17

_______ infiltrates in PM

CD8 T cells

18

Connective Tissue disorders

-scleroderma
-DM
-Lupus

19

SLE will have ______ and DM will have shawl sign in a photosens distribution

Annular lesions