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Flashcards in Eye Deck (42)
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1

most common primary tumor of the eye

vascular tumor

2

lipogranuloma of the eye

chalazion

3

mimic chalazion but can metastasize

sebaceous carcinoma

4

[diagnosis]

redness, itching, heal without scarring

conjunctivitis

5

redness, itching, heal WITH scarring

trachoma

6

most common site of conjunctival neoplasm

limbus

7

blue sclerae in scleral ecctasia is due to?

increased IP

8

the main refractive surface of the eye

cornea

9

HSV causes keratitis by causing granulomatous reaction in the ___

descemet membrane

10

distorted perception of blue color due to browning of lens is due to the deposition of ____

urochrome

11

[glaucoma]

increase resistance to aqueous outflow via trabecular meshwork

chronic process

open-angle

12

[glaucoma]

peripheral zone of the iris adheres to the trabecular meshwork

acute process

angle closure

13

[glaucoma]

changes in optic nerve and visual field without increase in IOP

chronic process

normal pressure

14

___ refers to minute anterior subcapsular opacities

glaukomflecken

15

___ uveal tissue lining the ectatic sclera

staphyloma

16

inflammation within the vitreous humor

endophthalmitis

17

inflammation of the retina, uvea, sclera, orbit

panophtalmitis

18

inflammation of the iris, cilary body, choroid

uveitis

19

most common first evidence of metastasis of uveal melanoma

lover

20

[retinal detachment]

unclean vitreous detachment tears the retina;

liquefied vitreous accumulates between RPE and neurosensory retina

rhegmatogenous

21

[retinal detachment]

any condition that damages the RPE and permits fluid to leak from the choroidal circulation under the retina

non-rhegmatogenouos

22

[retinopathy]

Presence of focal choroidal infarcts (elschnig pearls)

hypertensive retinopathy

23

[retinopathy]

presence of copper of silver wiring

hypertensive retinopathy

24

[retinopathy]

cotton wool spots

hypertensive retinomaty

25

[retinopathy]

visual loss, retinal detachment, neovascular glaucoma, macular edema

cotton wool exudates

Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy

26

[retinopathy]

presence of neovascularization

visual loss, retinal detachment, neovascular glaucoma, macular edema

proliferative diabetic retinopathy

27

[vascular occlusion syndromes]

occurs in ischemia, hollenhorst plaques or fragments of atherosclerotic plaque

cherry-red spot in macula with retinal pallor

true emergency

CRAO

28

[vascular occlusion syndromes]

may occur with or without ischemia

retinal hemorrhages, dilated tortous retinal veins, cotton-wool spots, macular edema, optic disc edema

CRVO

29

[diagnosis]

disturbance in the unit that maintains photoreceptor integrity (RPE, bruch membrane, choriocapillaris)

age-related macular degeneration

30

[diagnosis]

apoptosis of rods and cones
waxy pallor of the optic disc
accumulation of retinal pigment around blood vessels

retinitis pigmentosa